Hourly weather forecasts for gas turbine power generation
Giunta, G.; Vernazza, R.; Salerno, R.; Ceppi, A.; Ercolani, G.; Mancini, M.
Meteorologische Zeitschrift Vol. 26 No. 3 (2017), p. 307 - 317
published: Jun 14, 2017
published online: Mar 10, 2017
manuscript accepted: Dec 20, 2016
manuscript revision received: Dec 15, 2016
manuscript revision requested: Nov 4, 2016
manuscript received: Mar 9, 2016
Open Access (paper can be downloaded for free)
An hourly short-term weather forecast can optimize processes in Combined Cycle Gas Turbine (CCGT) plants by helping to reduce imbalance charges on the national power grid. Consequently, a reliable meteorological prediction for a given power plant is crucial for obtaining competitive prices for the electric market, better planning and stock management, sales and supplies of energy sources. The paper discusses the short-term hourly temperature forecasts, at lead time day+1 and day+2, over a period of thirteen months in 2012 and 2013 for six Italian CCGT power plants of 390 MW each (260 MW from the gas turbine and 130 MW from the steam turbine). These CCGT plants are placed in three different Italian climate areas: the Po Valley, the Adriatic coast, and the North Tyrrhenian coast. The meteorological model applied in this study is the eni-Kassandra Meteo Forecast (e‑kmf™), a multi-model approach system to provide probabilistic forecasts with a Kalman filter used to improve accuracy of local temperature predictions. Performance skill scores, computed by the output data of the meteorological model, are compared with local observations, and used to evaluate forecast reliability. In the study, the approach has shown good overall scores encompassing more than 50,000 hourly temperature values. Some differences from one site to another, due to local meteorological phenomena, can affect the short-term forecast performance, with consequent impacts on gas-to-power production and related negative imbalances. For operational application of the methodology in CCGT power plant, the benefits and limits have been successfully identified.