Original paper

Geochemistry and biostratigraphy of Eocene sediments from Samothraki Island, NE Greece

Meinhold, Guido; Bou Dagher-Fadel, Marcelle

Abstract

Elevated whole-rock concentrations in Cr, Ni and V as well as the occurrence of detrital chrome spinel suggest an input of (ultra)mafic detritus into the Eocene clastic sediments of Samothraki Island. Detrital chrome spinel chemistry indicates a mixed source of MOR-type peridotites and supra-subduction zone (SSZ) peridotites, and minor volcanic rocks, supposedly island-arc basalts and MORB-type rocks, most likely derived from Vardarian ophiolites. Wackestones from the southwest of Samothraki contain a moderately well-preserved calcareous microfossil assemblage, comprising Nummulites fabianii (Prever), Nummulites striatus (Bruguière), Pellatispira sp., and Operculina sp., indicating an early Priabonian age (Late Eocene). The sedimentation of the Eocene succession was influenced by regional tectonic and volcanic activity. The rocks have been deposited contemporaneous with the extensional exhumation of the eastern Rhodope Massif.

Keywords

provenancechrome spinelforaminiferaeocenesamothrakiaegean sea