Original paper

The second find of a primate from the early Middle Pleistocene locality of Mauer (SW Germany): a molar of Macaca (Mammalia, Cercopithecidae)

Schreiber, H. Dieter; Löscher, Manfred

Abstract

The Grafenrain sand pit N of Mauer near Heidelberg (SW Germany) became famous for the find of the lower jaw of Homo heidelbergensis in October 1907 (Schoetensack 1908). Until the termination of the extractions in 1962 the sand pit yielded a rich and diverse mammalian faunal assemblage. In 2007 new preparation activities connected to the celebrations of the centenary of the hominid lower jaw discovery of Homo heidelbergensis produced samples of sediment (medium gravel) in which an isolated lower cheek tooth of a macaque has been found. The find adduces the presence of Macaca sylvanus in the faunal assemblage of Mauer and represents the second find of a primate from this Pleistocene hominid site.

Keywords

primatescercopithecidaemorphologysystematicstaxonomyearly middle pleistocenelocality of mauermauerer sande