Original paper

A Late Oligocene lagomorph (Mammalia) from Herrlingen 9 (Baden-Württemberg, Germany)

Fostowicz-Frelik, Łucja


The fossil record of European Lagomorpha before the latest Oligocene (MP 30 biozone) is extremely scarce. It consists of Early Oligocene (MP 21) Ephemerolagus nievae (Ravet, France) and Shamolagus franconicus (Möhren, Germany) of a more archaic aspect, and Late Oligocene (MP 28) Amphilagus wuttkei (Enspel, Germany). Herein, the earliest occurrence of Amphilagus antiquusfrom the Late Oligocene (MP 29) site of Herrlingen 9 (Baden-Württemberg, Germany) is reported; the species is best known from its type locality Coderet (France) correlated with MP 30. The described material consists of isolated teeth only; their morphology is typical ofAmphilagus, with well-developed cement and slightly lower-crowned teeth than these from Coderet. In size and structure they are close to A.wuttkei from Enspel, which suggests that the latter species is conspecific with A.antiquus. This finding also bridges the temporal gap between the earliest and later occurrences of amphilagine lagomorphs in Europe.