Original paper

Cs-rich lithium micas and Mn-rich lithian siderophyllite in miarolitic NYF pegmatites of the Konigshain granite, Lausitz, Germany

Förster, H.J.; Tischendorf, G.; Rhede, D.; Naumann, R.; Gottesmann, B.; Lange, W.


Annite and Fe-rich siderophyllite constitute the rock-forming micas in the late-Variscan composite granite pluton of Königshain, Lausitz, Germany. This multiphase pluton is composed of three fractionated, but not chemically specialized monzogranite types, which contain lithophile elements such as Li, Rb, Cs, Sn, and F in average quantities. Abundant miarolitic pegmatites of the NYF family with a broad diversity of rare minerals occur in the apical part of the pluton. These pegmatitic cavities locally contain di- and trioctahedral micas as well as cation-deficient micas. Trioctahedral micas comprise F-rich manganoan lithian siderophyllite to manganoan zinnwaldite, zinnwaldite, and minor lepidolite. The formula [calculated on the basis of 22 anion valencies and 2(F + OH + Cl)] of the most Mn-rich siderophyllite is (K0.85Rb0.08Na0.04)0.97(Al0.99Li0.91Fe0.51Mn0.42Ti0.01Zn0.01)2.85(Si3.21Al0.79)4O10(F1.80OH0.19Cl0.01)2. This mica constitutes one of the most Mn-rich siderophyllite compositions reported to date. The lithium micas poorer in Mn are distinguished by elevated concentrations of Rb (up to 2.5 wt% Rb2O), Cs (up to 1.2 wt% Cs2O), and F (up to 9.6 wt%). This fluorine content is probably consistent with the maximum possible F occupation of 2 of the (F,OH,Cl)-site. The structural formula of the most Li-rich lepidolite is (K0.83Rb0.07Cs0.03)0.93 (Li1.62Al1.00Fe0.38)3.00(Si3.62Al0.38)4O10(F1.91OH0.09)2. During hydrothermal alteration, lepidolite and zinnwaldite became partially depleted in K, Li, Rb, Cs, and F and gradually transformed into cation-deficient micas (lithian phengite to illite of phengitic affinity).


siderophyllitezinnwalditelepidolitephengitemanganesecesiumsimsnyf pegmatitekonigshainlausitz