Original paper

Accessory minerals as fingerprints for the thermal history and geochronology of the Caledonian Rumburk granite

Seifert, W. Rhede


Accessory minerals of the Caledonian Rumburk granite are investigated to gain insight into its magmatic and post-magmatic evolution history. Recent geothermometers calibrated for trace elements in rutile (Zr), zircon (Ti), and quartz (Ti) were used to determine mineral-formation temperatures, which are compared with T data obtained from melt and fluid-inclusion studies on quartz. Improved electron-microprobe analytical conditions allowed distinguishing several generations of rutile. Submicron-sized rutile needles included in quartz crystallized at around 739 ± 13 °C and, thus, are evidently magmatic. Simultaneous crystallization of the high-T rutile and quartz is the favoured concept compared with an exsolution model for the needles. Th-U-total Pb dating of xenotime-(Y) by electron microprobe yielded a bimodal age distribution of 494 ± 8 Ma (2σ; n = 44) and 311 ± 8 Ma (2σ; n = 48), which is missing in monazite-(Ce). The older age correlates with the early Ordovician granite emplacement age suggested by earlier isotopic studies. The younger Carboniferous age also may be geologically reasonable, because the granite experienced a minor tectonothermal overprint during the Variscan orogenesis. However, whether this event has caused the resetting of the isotopic system in the xenotime is uncertain. This also holds for the age of the partial breakdown of monazite and xenotime into reaction coronas composed of fluorapatite, allanite-(Ce), epidote ± clinozoisite. This alteration assemblage was likely produced already during autometasomatic reworking of the solidifying magma in Ordovician time, but it cannot be excluded that it relates to a Carboniferous fluid imprint connected with late-Variscan processes.


accessory mineralselectron-microprobe analysistrace elements (ti, zr) geothermometryu-th-total pb geochronologyrumburk granitelusatiagermany