Original paper

Reactions of Zn2+ aqueous solutions with fluor-hydroxyapatite: crystallographic evidence

Brigatti, Maria Franca; Malferrari, Daniele; Medici, Luca; Poppi, Luciano

Abstract

In order to evaluate the possible use of natural fluor-hydroxyapatite (FOHAp) crystals as soil additive for the in situ remediation of heavy-metal contaminated soils, the crystal structure of FOHAp crystals, used in batch experiments at 22 °C with pH within the range 4.8-9.5 and in presence of Zn2+ ions, was determined. Crystal structures (space group P63/m) converged to R = 0.026 for untreated FOHAp and to R = 0.028 (Experiment 1) and R = 0.032 (Experiment 2) for Zn2+-treated FOHAp crystals. The site occupancy ratios [(Zn-Ca)2/(Zn-Ca)1] obtained from the refinement of electron density is = 1.500 for natural FOHAp, 1.500 (Experiment 1) and 1.520 (Experiment 2) in Zn2+-treated crystals. The value deriving from experiment 2 agrees with small changes in Ca2 site occupancy. Ca2O6X polyhedron distortions may be related both to a slight preference of Zn for Ca2 and to OH for F substitution during the overall reaction sequence.

Keywords

fluor-hydroxyapatitezincadsorptionsingle-crystalx-raystructure refinement