Original paper

Tal Formation of Himalaya - a century old stratigraphic riddle nearing solution

Ahluwalia, Arun D.; Gupta, Vishwa J.

Newsletters on Stratigraphy Volume 21 Number 1 (1988), p. 49 - 58

84 references

published: Jan 1, 1988

DOI: 10.1127/nos/21/1989/49

BibTeX file

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The presence of definite Lower Cambrian fossils in the Tal Formation of the Krol Belt, India, together with the Hazira Formation, Pakistan, establishes the existence of a widespread Tethys or Prototethys Sea in the Cambrian far south of the traditionally accepted southern limit of this sedimentary basin at the "Central Crystalline Axis". The two parallel basin model for the Himalayan palaeogeography is thus made redundant. The presence of phosphorites at the base of Tal and Hazira Formations establishes the presence of the global Cambrian Phosphogenic Province in the Indian Subcontinent also. A regional stratigraphic hiatus between Early Cambrian and Jurassic is established depicting regression of the Sea in this part.


Lower CambrianfossilsTethysPrototethyspalaeogeographyTal FormationKrol BeltIndiaIndian Subcontinent