Campanian Maastrichtian carbon isotope stratigraphy: shelf-ocean correlation between the European shelf sea and the tropical Pacific Ocean
Voigt, Silke; Friedrich, Oliver; Norris, Richard D.; Schönfeld, Joachim
published: Oct 1, 2010
ArtNo. ESP026004401004, Price: 29.00 €
The long-term climate cooling during Campanian - Maastrichtian times is not well understood to date, especially because of the uncertainty introduced by low temporal resolution of biostratigraphy and the pronounced provincialism between tropical and temperate taxa. Two new high-resolution carbon isotope records derived from the boreal shelf-sea section at Lägerdorf-Kronsmoor-Hemmoor, northern Germany and the tropical Pacific at Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 305, Shatsky Rise, reduce these uncertainties. The records can be correlated with an accuracy not achieved by biostratigraphic methods so far. Distinct carbon isotope events in the late Campanian and the early Maastrichtian can be identified at both localities suggesting to represent global carbon cycle perturbations. Especially, the negative carbon isotope excursion in the early Maastrichtian, a pronounced feature of open-ocean records from the Pacific and Southern oceans, is recognized for the first time at a shelf-sea locality related to the North Atlantic Ocean. Furthermore, two short-term positive excursions are identified as superimposed signals to this event. The improved stratigraphy provides the unique opportunity to recognize leads and lags between the carbon cycle and ocean circulation of different marine settings and ecosystems, leading to a better understanding of their causes and effects.