Original paper

Multi-proxy orbital chronology in the aftermath of the Aptian Oceanic Anoxic Event 1a: Palaeoceanographic implications (Serre Chaitieu section, Vocontian Basin, SE France)

Ghirardi, Julie; Deconinck, Jean-François; Pellenard, Pierre; Martinez, Mathieu; Bruneau, Ludovic; Amiotte-Suchet, Philippe; Pucéat, Emmanuelle

Newsletters on Stratigraphy Volume 47 Number 3 (2014), p. 247 - 262

published: Sep 1, 2014

DOI: 10.1127/0078-0421/2014/0046

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ArtNo. ESP026004703001, Price: 29.00 €

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Abstract

In the early Aptian, the Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE) 1a is well defined by a negative δ13C excursion followed by a positive δ13C excursion, spanning the Deshayesites deshayesi and Dufrenoya furcata ammonite biozones. A cyclostratigraphic approach is performed in the Vocontian Basin, France, to estimate the time required for the carbon cycle recovery following the major disturbance associated to OAE1a and to provide durations of ammonite and foraminifer biozones. The Serre Chaitieu section, which consists of hemipelagic blue-grey marls with occasional marker limestone horizons and encompassing the Deshayesites deshayesi Zone to the end of the Epicheloniceras martini Zone, was used as a reference section in the Vocontian Basin. Using field Spectral Gamma Ray (SGR), 450 measurements were performed throughout the section, and a sample of each measured sediment was collected to further perform calcimetry, clay mineralogy, and magnetic susceptibility (MS) measurements. Detrital clay mineral assemblages consist of illite, illite/smectite mixed-layers (I-S), kaolinite and chlorite. Fluctuations of clay minerals are mainly driven by climate change, progradation/drowning of peri-vocontian platforms and sea-level changes. The proportions of illite and kaolinite covary and fluctuate in opposition with I-S. Cyclic fluctuations of relative proportions of clay minerals are particularly well recorded by the kaolinite/chlorite ratio (K/C). Spectral analyses, using the multi-taper and the amplitude spectrogram methods, were performed on SGR, MS, CaCO3 and K/C signals to detect sedimentary cycles related to an orbital forcing throughout the series. The geochronometer 405-kyr eccentricity cycle well expressed and significant (up to 99% confidence level) is used to provide a robust temporal framework. More than five 405-kyr eccentricity cycles are recognised, providing a total duration of at least 2.49 myr for the whole sedimentary succession. The minimum duration of the D. furcata Zone is assessed at 0.42 myr, and the duration of the E. martini Zone at 1.52 myr. Amplitude spectrograms show a strengthened signal of obliquity during the D. furcata Zone, which is coherent with the global cooling that has been depicted for this interval, and which could have favored the development of lowextension polar ice and thus the lowering of the sea level. Durations of C-isotope zones, worldwide correlated, are also calculated. From these results, the duration of the return to equilibrium in the carbon cycle in the aftermath of OAE1a could be calculated at 1.35 myr.

Keywords

aptianclay mineralscyclostratigraphyoceanic anoxic event 1aserre chaitieu sectionvocontian basin