The hyphomycete genus Pleurocatena, anamorphs of Pyxidiophora
Gams, W. Arnold
Pleurocatena was invalidly introduced by Arnaud (1952). Arambarri et al. (1981) attempted to validate the genus, while describing a second species, P. foliicola. We cultured the still invalidly named type species, P. acicularis, from material collected in Germany and it is redescribed here. The cultures gave rise to a Pyxidiophora teleomorph. All previous observations and the poor growth we observed in culture suggest a fungicolous habit. A third, new species, P. brevior, isolated from a mouldy salsify root, is also described. The three species are keyed out.