The Grimmietum commutato-campestris in Turkey. Ecology and life syndromes of a saxicolous bryophyte community with the description of two new subassociations
Kürschner, Harald; Erdağ, Adnan
A phytosociological analysis of the volcanic rocks of the Phrygian highlands and the subrecent lava flows of the Kula arera reveals a distinct saxicolous community, the Grimmietum commutato-campestris. It is typical for sun-exposed, xeric, acidic to subneutric rock sites. Dependent on the substrate, site ecology and floristic assemblage, two subassociations, - orthotrichetosum bistratosae (Phrygian highlands) and - anacolietosum menziesii (Kula area) are recorded, both new to science. In addition, Anacolia menziesii is recorded for the first time from Turkey and Southwest Asia.Life form and life strategy analyses of the community, as well as the comparison of all known examples from Southwest Asia clearly show that the Grmimietum commutato-campestris is mainly composed of cushion, short turf and tall turf forming acrocarpous mosses, following a 'passive' perennial stayer and a 'pauciennial' colonist strategy.