The characteristics of coastal grassland in West Pomerania
Czyż, Henryk; Kitczak, Teodor; Bury, Marek
Plant Diversity and Evolution Volume 130 No. 3-4 (2013), p. 229 - 237
published: Dec 1, 2013
Grasslands play an important economic and natural role in West Pomerania. Meadows and pastures are mainly located on organic soils, and most of them are polder meadows. A large area of grassland is protected by nature the protection program “Natura 2000”. The aim of this research was to characterize the typical plant communities on coastal grassland and evaluate its natural and utility values. The functions of grasslands are determined by the habitat conditions and by the character of plant communities that grow there. Reeds and rushes with Phragmites australis, Carex gracilis, Phalaris arundinacea, occur in highly moist and wet swampy habitats. Due to ability of those plants to create a stopover and a refuge for waterbirds, they are characterized by high ecological value. Fresh and moist habitats are overgrown with vegetation typical for meadows and pastures, with the predominant type of communities including Alopecurus pratensis, Poa trivialis, Festuca pratensis and Poa pratensis, which are used as a source of fodder. The habitats of slightly dry and dry areas are dominated by plant communities of Arrhenatherum elatius, A. elatius with Festuca rubra and Festuca rubra used productively and for other purposes. The specific habitat conditions under the influence of saline water, formed plant communities with the presence of halophytes such Juncus gerardi, Triglochin maritimum, T. palustre, Glaux maritima, Plantago maritima and others. In order to protect communities of halophytes, it is necessary to pursue extensive grazing or mowing in these areas.