The main types of woodland in North Scotland
Birse, E. L.
The main woodland communities, north of approximately latitude 56° 30' N. in Scotland, have been recorded, named and classified. Eight communities ranging from native pinewood to swamp alderwood are included in the classes, Vaccinio-Piceetea, Quercetea robori-petraeae, Querco-Fagetea and Alnetea glutinosae, and an additional unclassified community of common birch has been described. The relationship of individual associations and their subassociations to relief, climate and soils has been elaborated and an indication of their general distribution in North Scotland is given.