The vegetation of the Canadian Prairie Provinces. IV. The woody vegetation. Part 3. Deciduous woods and forests
The deciduous woods and forests of the Prairie Provinces are classified and described in one class, three orders, five alliances, 15 associations, and four subassociations. The North American birch-poplar woods do not have a true counterpart in western Europe, but are related to the "Espenhaine" of eastern Europe and western Siberia. The ecology, economic value, and significance as biocoenose are discussed.