Original paper

Alpine-subalpine plant communities of South Scandinavia

Dahl, E.

Phytocoenologia Band 15 Heft 4 (1987), p. 455 - 484

24 references

published: Dec 8, 1987

DOI: 10.1127/phyto/15/1987/455

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ArtNo. ESP024001504004, Price: 29.00 €

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Abstract

The phytogeographic position and ecological conditions of alpine-subalpine plant communities of South Scandinavia are briefly described with remarks on phytosociological concepts and nomenclature. The following sociological units are described: Class: Juncetea trifidi Hadač in Klika 44 Order: Caricetalia curvulae Br.-Bl. 49 Alliance: Arctostaphylo-Cetrarion nivalis Dahl 56 Association: Loiseleurio-Diapensietum (Fries 13) Dahl 56 Cetrarietum nivalis Dahl 56 Alectorio-Arctostaphyletum uvae-ursi (Du Rietz 25) Nordh. apud. Br.-Bl. Sissingh et Vlieger 39 Rhacomitrio-Caricetum bigelowii (Du Rietz) Nordh. 43 Festuco-Cetrarietum nivalis (Nordh. 43) Dahl comb. nov. Empetro-Cladonietum stellaris Nordh. 27. Class: Carici rupestris-Kobresietea bellardii Ohba 74 Order: Kobresio-Dryadetalia Br.-Bl. 48 Alliance: Kobresio-Dryadion Nordh. 43 Association: Carici rupestris-Kobresietum myosuroidis Dahl nom. nov. Dryadetum octopetalae (Du Rietz 25) Nordh. 55 Alliance: Potentillo-Polygonion vivipari Nordh. 36. Class: Vaccinio-Piceetea Br.-Bl. 33 Order: Deschampsio-Vaccinietalia myrtilli Dahl nom. nov. Alliance: Phyllodoco-Vaccinion myrtilli Nordh. 36 Association: Phyllodoco-Vaccinietum myrtilli Nordh. 43 Phyllodoco-Juncetum trifidi Dahl 56 Alliance: Nardo-Caricion bigelowii Suballiance: Deschampsio-Anthoxanthenion (Du Rietz 42) Dahl stat. nov. Association: Deschampsio-Dicranetum fuscae Dahl 56 Chiono-Juncetum trifidi Dahl 56 Suballiance: Nardo-Caricenion bigelowii (Nordh. 36 em. Dahl 56) stat. nov. Association: Carici bigelowii-Nardetum strictae (Sarnuelsson 16) Nordh. 28 Polytricho communis-Caricetum bigelowii Dahl 56 Hylocomio splendentis-Betuletum nanae Dahl 56 Centrarietum delisei (Resvoll-Holmsen 20) Dahl 56. Class: Betulo-Adenostyletea (Br.-Bl. et Tx. 43) Br.-Bl. 48 Order: Adenostyletalia Br. -Bl. 31 Alliance: Lactucion alpinae Nordh. 43 Suballiance: Athyrienion distentifolii nom. et stat. nov. Association: Athyrietum distentifolii chionophilum Nordh. 43 E. Dahl Suballiance: Dryopterido-Calamgrostienion purpureae (Fries 13) Nordh. 43 stat. nov. Association: Rumici-Salicetum lapponum Dahl 56 Filipendulo-Salicetum phylicifoliae Nordh. 43 Suballiance: Lactucenion alpinae Nordh. 43 em. Dahl stat. nov. Association: Geranietum silvatici (Nordh. 43) Dahl nom. nov. Class: Salicetea herbaceae Br.-Bl. 47 Order: Salicetalia herbaceae Br.-Bl 26 Alliance: Cassiopo-Salicion herbaceae Nordh. 36 Association: Salicetum herbaceae boreale Nordh. 43 Luzulo-Ranunculetum glacialis Nordh. 43 Alliance: Saxifrago stellaris-Oxyrion digynae Gj a: revoll nom. nov. Order: Arabidetalia coeruleae Riibel 33 Alliance: Ranunculo-oxyrion digynae Nordh. 36 em. Association: Ranunculetum acris chionophilum Nordh. 43 Ranunculo-Poetum alpinae Gja: revoll 56 Salicetum polaris Gj a: revoll 56 Alliance: Saxifrago oppositifolio-Oxyrion digynae Gja: revoll nom. nov. Alliance: Luzulion arcticae (Nordh. 36) Gja: revoll 56. Class: Montio-Cardaminetea Br.-Bl. et Tx. 43 Order: Montio-Cardaminetalia Pawlowski 28 Alliance: Mniobryo-Epilobion hornemanii Nordh. 36 Association: Mniobryo-Epilobietum hornemannii Nordh. 43 Philonotido-Saxifragetum stellaris Nordh. 43 Alliance: Cratoneuro-Saxifragion aizoidis Nordh. 43. Class: Scheuchzerio-Caricetea nigrae (Nordh. 36) Tx. 37 Order: Scheuchzerietalia palustris Nordh. 36 Alliance: Leuco-Scheuchzerion Nordh. 36 em. Nordh. 43 Alliance: Stygio-Caricion limosae Nordh. 36 Order: Caricetalia nigrae (Koch 26) Nordh. 36 Alliance: Caricion canescenti-nigrae Nordh. 36 Order: Tofieldietalia Preising 49 Alliance: Caricion bicolori-atrofuscae Nordh. 36 Alliance: Sphagno-Tomenthypnion Dahl 56 Class: Oxycocco-Sphagnetea Br.-Bl. et Tx. 43 Order: Sphagnetalia magellanici Pawlowski 28 em. Moore 68 Alliance: Oxycocco-Empetrion hermaphroditi Nordh. 36

Keywords

alpine-subalpine plant communitiesSouth Scandinavia