Die Sumpfwiesen Transdanubiens, Ungarn
[The swampy meadows of Transdanubia, Hungary]
The author gives a survey of the swampy meadows occurring in the western part of Hungary, an area called Transdanubia, and of the coenological systems of the associations belonging to them. The Hungarian swampy meadows (Agrostion chief group [Hauptverband]) may be divided on the basis of ecological and floristic differences into three subgroups (Alopecurion pratensis, Deschampsion caespitosae, Agrostion albae). The swampy meadows with foxtail grass, generally poor in species, developing on alluvial and meadow soils, exposed to regular floods and being rich in nitrogen, belong to the Alopecurion sub-group (Alopecuretum pratensis). Sub-group Deschampsion caespitosae contains swampy meadows (Deschampsietum caespitosae) developed on boggy soils and rich in boggy elements (Molinion, Molonetalia). Sub-group Agrostion albae includes the swampy meadows developed on alluvial and meadow soils, where Agrostis alba, Poa trivialis (Agrosti-Poetum trivialis) and Festuca pratensis dominate in the herb layer (Festucetum pratensis).