Die Vegetation des Uludağ-Gebirges (Anatolien)
Rehder, H.; Gökçeoğlu, M.; Gebauer, G.; Güleryüz, G.
The vegetation of the Uludag Mountain (NW-Anatolia) above the timberline is divided into three main types: Nardus stricta-meadows, Juniperus communis-dwarf shrub and hard Festuca communities. They are subject to the influence of pasture since long times. Related to the Nardus-meadows we find Trifolium repens- and Plantago-mats. The hard Festuca-communities pass into the alpine Acantholimon ulicinum-community dominated by cushion plants. Besides the ruderal Verbascum olympicum-community and some transitional and special vegetation types of less occurrence are described.