Changes in landscape patterns and vegetation process in the Far-Eastern cultural landscapes: Human activity on pine-dominated secondary vegetations in Korea and Japan
The agricultural landscape is associated with secondary vegetation. It is one of the most represented landscapes in the Far-East and represents the ecological linkage of landscape boundaries between urbanized and natural systems. The pattern and process of secondary vegetation in rural landscapes have been effected by spatio-temporal natural and cultural landscape elements. The current Status-Quo of the vegetation landscape is faced to risk of abandonment, over-use of forest-land and other socio-economical problems in the Far-East. In this situation, the notion "sustainability" is necessary to establish a framework for landscape-ecological planning in the rural region. This paper describes that sustainable vegetation management acts as a positive factor to maintaining secondary vegetation. Holistic management strategies with improved traditional management regimes, economic assistance, and environmental education, must be adapted to sustainable development of rural vegetation landscape in the Far-East.