Original paper

Woodland history of the last 500 years revealed by anthracological studies of charcoal kiln sites in the Bavarian Forest, Germany

Nelle, Oliver

Phytocoenologia Band 33 Heft 4 (2003), p. 667 - 682

published: Nov 19, 2003

DOI: 10.1127/0340-269X/2003/0033-0667

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ArtNo. ESP024003374008, Price: 29.00 €

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Abstract

Charcoal was analysed from 16 charcoal kiln sites at Haselberg in the Lower Bavarian Forest (Germany). The results contribute to the reconstruction of woodland history on a fine landscape scale for the last 500 years. At Haselberg a Fagus sylvatica-dominated woodland was used for charcoal burning in medieval times. Betula-dominated charcoal spectra indicate considerable timber cutting on some parts of the considered slope, which might have been connected to a land-use rotation system called "Birkenbergwirtschaft". Picea abies-dominated forest stands are now found in those areas, whereas other areas of the slope are still covered with semi-natural beech-stands. Charcoal analysis is a useful tool to reveal landscape use patterns on a fine spatial resolution, for time periods and areas where historic evidence and historic maps are not available.

Keywords

anthracologybirkenbergwirtschaftcharcoal analysischarcoal burningforest historyland-use pattern