Review paper

Synthesis of the cell wall in algae

Domozych, David S.

Perspectives in Phycology Vol. 2 No. 1 (2015), p. 41 - 50

published: May 1, 2015
published online: Feb 24, 2015
manuscript accepted: Dec 30, 2015
manuscript received: Sep 25, 2014

DOI: 10.1127/pip/2015/0022

BibTeX file

ArtNo. ESP271000201004, Price: 24.80 €

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Abstract The cell walls of green, brown and red algae consist of a complex composite of fibrillar polysaccharides embedded in a matrix of polysaccharides and proteins. The deposition and incorporation of these polymers into the wall require highly coordinated activities of the cell’s endomembrane and cytoskeletal machinery that act in concert with developmental and environmental signals. Most polymers are synthesized in the Golgi Apparatus, packaged in Golgi vesicles and transported to deposition sites by cytoskeletal components. Upon incorporation into the wall architecture, polymers are often remodeled. For fibrillar polymers like cellulose, microfibril synthesis is centered on plasma membrane-based complexes. The recent use of molecular technologies represents a critical “next” step in deciphering the biosynthetic pathways and regulatory controls intrinsic in algal cell wall development.


Cell wallcellulosepectinhemicellulosesGolgi Apparatusmicrofilamentsmicrotubules