Original paper

Discussion on Biostratigraphic Correlations in the Eastern Mediterranean Neogene

Benda, Leopold; Meulenkamp, Johan E.


Stratigraphers and paleontologists working in the Neogene of the Aegean area generally deal with specific topics only. Their results, however, are of primary importance for any attempt toward construction of paleogeographic maps and for the evaluation of geological processes. In this way they contribute to a sharper definition of the geodynamic problems relative to the development of the Aegean realm during the last tens of millions of years. As yet we are unable to reconstruct reliable and detailed large-scale paleogeographic patterns. This is not only due to our limited knowledge of Neogene deposits, but also and in particular to the problems of correlation between marine and non-marine biostratigraphic successions. It has been shown that even terms like "Miocene" and "Pliocene" do not cover identical stratigraphic intervals in marine and classical non-marine Stratigraphers' parlance. As soon as adequate correlations between marine and non-marine zonal Systems have been established, these discrepancies should be straightened out by decision of an International Geological Congress. At present, these different interpretations obviously lead to fundamental mistakes in constructing paleogeographic maps. Hence, Stratigraphers and paleontologists should first try to solve these problems, in order to avoid the possibility of passing on unreliable data to scientists from various other disciplines who deal with the more general geodynamic problems.


Neogenestratigraphic boundarylithofaciesbiotopefaunacorrelation GreeceTurkey