In Memoriam WENG WENHAO (1889--1971)
[Succession of Microbes in Groundwater during Bankfiltration]
Michel, Gert; Genyuan, Wang
published: Jan 1, 1988
Am 29. Juni 1989 jährt sich zum 100. Male der Geburtstag von WENG WENHAO (W. H. WONG), einem der Initiatoren der geologischen Erforschung Chinas. 11 Jahre lang ist er Direktor des chinesischen geologischen Dienstes gewesen und stieg in höchste Staatsämter auf. WENG WENHAO war ein bekannter Hochschullehrer und inspirierte die geologische Forschung auf vielen Gebieten, wie Tektonik, Seismik, Lagerstättenkunde, Quartärgeologic u. a. Nach 1949 betätigte er sich vorwiegend als Übersetzer und Redakteur und prospektierte auf Uranerze im Nordwesten des Landes. In den 20er und 30er Jahren dieses Jahrhunderts repräsentierte er China auf mehreren internationalen Kongressen, und es wurden ihm viele Ehrungen ausländischer Universitäten und gelehrter Gesellschaften zuteil. Er starb am 27. Januar 1971 in Peking.
WENG WENHAO was one of the foremost and best-known Chinese geologists of his time. He was born in Ningbo, Jin Xian, Zhejiang province, on June 29, 1889. In commemoration of his 100th birthday a brief resume of his life and work should be presented so that this great man is not forgotten. He studied at Lovain University in Belgium, graduating in petrology in 1912. He was one of the leading members of the Geological Survey of China and a pioneer in geological education in China (together with DING WENJIANG and ZHANG HONGZHAO). He became a member of the Geological Survey of China in 1916. For eleven years, 1926--1937, he occupied the highest position the Chinese geological world had to offer, that of Director of the Geological Survey and Professor of Geology at both Beijing universities. His influence among Chinese geologists was considerable. His academic work was brilliant. Prizes, medals, honorary doctorates (awarded, for instance, by the universities of Berlin, Halle, London, and Vancouver), and election as fellow of scientific societies seemed to come to him as a matter of course. From 1938 to 1945, he was Minister of Economic Affairs and temporary chairman of the National Resources Commission; from 1944 to 1945, he was also director of the War Production board. In 1948, he was elected to the Academia Sinica. Later, he also became a member of SCCPPCC. After 1951, he investigated uranium deposits in Xinjiang. He worked in many branches of geology and authored numerous publications, as well as translated many works. He died on January 21, 1971, in his 82nd year, in Beijing.