Development of Ethnic Structure in the Banat 1890 - 1992

(Population: Hungary/Romania/Yugoslavia). 1 Accompanying text and 4 coloured maps 73 x 60 cm. Data of maps as of: Part A: 1890; Part B: 1930/31; Part C: 1949/53/56; Part D: 1990/91/92

Ed.: Wien Österreichisches Ost- und Südosteuropa-Institut; ; Josef Wolf; Peter Jordan; Thede Kahl; Horst Förster; ; Florian Partl

2005. 460 pages, 21x30cm, 1520 g
Language: English

(Atlas Ost- und Südosteuropa, Map 2.8-HRYU1)

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Synopsis top ↑

This four-sheet 1:400000 scale map series portrays the evolution of ethnic structure of the Banat-region with a mixed hungarian/romanian/Yugoslav population in the period from the late 19th century up to the times of recent political changes in the 1990. The map series was compiled in cooperation with the "Institut für donauschwäbische Geschichte und Landeskunde", Tübingen. A very extensive text, authored by the historian Josef Wolf (U. of Tübingen) accompanies the maps, and explains systematically, and inquisitively the settlement history and population dynamics and the intercultural web of relationships characterizing this multiethnic region. An index of location names reflects changes in the official names of cities and towns during the studied period of time. The Banat region, today split between three countries (Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Hungary) was multiethnically colonized nder the auspices of the Austrian adminstration after its destructions by the Turks. Besides Serbs, Hungarians and Romanians, Germans from the overpopulated Württemberg region, Slovaks, Bulgarians, Ruthenians and Czechs were sent to live in this region. The mixed ethnic structure prevails to this day, athough the proportions of individual ethnic groups have considerably changed, for example by intensive Magyarization at the end of the 19th century, and up to WWI by assimilation of many members of ethnic minorities by their respective countries after the reorganization of states after WWI, by the reduction of the numbers of German nationals in the region and the eradication of the Jewish population after and during WWII. Finally, the structures changes because of intense urbanization and industrializagion of the region in communist times, which especially in the romanian part of the region was coupled with immigration from other parts of the country. This very interesting multicultural situation has hitherto never been described in detail and evaluated at a larger scale. The present publication does just that.