cover

Symposium on Salt, 5, Hamburg, May 29-June 1, 1979. Volume 2

Solution Mining, Salt Production, Salt Markets, Nutrition, Environmental Problems

Ed.: Alan H. Coogan; Lukas Hauber

1980. VIII, 547 pages, 22x29cm, 2000 g
Language: English

ArtNo. ES182023302, cloth

availability and price on request

BibTeX file

Contents

Contents top ↑

SOLUTION MINING, CAVITY CONSTRUCTION, CAVITY UTILIZATION
AND UNDERGROUND STORAGE
Long-term Operation of Underground Storage in Salt 3
A. Clerc-Renaud and D. Dubois
Development of Design Criteria for Salt Cavity Storage of Natural
Gas 13
H.R. Hardy, Jr.
Die numerische Simulation des Solprozesses - Erfahrungen und
Möglichkeiten (Numerical Simulation of
the Solution Processes - Experience and Possibilities) 21
J. Hieblinger und W. Kleinitz
Possibilities of Underground Storage in Salt Cavities in Iraq 45
A. W.S. Kader
Transport von Sole in Rohrfernleitungen - Stand der Technik
(Transportation of Brine in Pipelines -
Status of Technical Development) 51
O. Lopau
Radioactive Waste Isolation 61
W.C. McClain and J.E. Russell
The Use of Salt Domes for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve 69
M.E. Carosella
Probleme bei der echometrischen Vermessung von Speicherkavernen
(Problems Occurring during Sonar
Logging of Storage Caverns) 77
E. Nolte und E. Wierczeyko
Solution Mining Research - An Overview 81
T.B. Piper
Optimization of Solution Mining Operations 87
A.L. Podio and A. Saberian
An Investigation into Underground Gas Storage in Brine Well
Cavities 105
E.L.J. Potts, T.W. Thompson, E.K.S. Passaris and S.T. Horseman
Rates of Dissolution of Salt Minerals during Leaching Caverns in
Salt - Fundamentals and Practical Application 125
H.U. Röhr
Möglichkeiten zur Beurteilung der Standsicherheit von Salzkavernen
(Possibilities for Judging the
Stability of Caverns) 137
R.B. Rokahr, K.H. Lux und H. Wagner
Accomplishments of SMRI-sponsored Salt Dissolution Research since
the Fourth Symposium on Salt 147
A. Saberian
Design Variables in Solution Cavities for Storage of Solids,
Liquids and Gases 161
S. Serata and T.E. Cundey
Salzgewinnung in Österreich (Salt Production in Austria) 171
K. Thomanek
Stability of Caverns Created in Rock Salt in Solution Mining 183
G. Vouille and P. Tassel
Estimation of the Thermomechanical Response of Salt Formations
to High-level Radioactive Waste by Means of Simple Geometrical
Bodies 189
C. Ehlert and P. Winske
Instrumentation and Controls for Solution-Mined Underground
Storage Systems 195
N.E. Van Fossan
Mechanisms of Product Leakage from Solution Caverns 213
N.E. Van Fossan

SOLAR EVAPORATION, THERMOEVAPORATION, SALT PRODUCTION AND
TECHNOLOGY, SEAWATER DESALINATION AND BY-PRODUCTS

A Study on Integral Design of Salt Crystallizers 233
C.J. Asselbergs and E.J. de Jong
Experimental Study Covering Production of Secondary Salts
Extracted from Bitterns of Solar Salt
Works 251
P. Charuit and P. Genty
Recovery of Sodium Sulphate from Sea Bittern 259
U.V. Chitnis, J.M. Parekh and J.R. Sanghavi
Biological Management of Solar Saltworks 265
J.S. Davis
Utilization of Seawater Brines for the Production of High
Purity Magnesium Oxide and Magnesium Hydroxide 269
J.A. Fernandez-Lozano
By-Products Recovery from Solar Salt Operations 281
D.E. Garrett
Physical and Chemical Phenomena Accompanying Thermal Evaporation
of Raw Brine 295
C. Guibert and M. Viard
Kombinierte Prozessanlagen zur Erzeugung von Reinsole und Kochsalz
sowie zur Rückgewinnung von Kochsalz und Natriumsulfat
(Combined Processing Plant for the Manufacture of Brine and
Table Salt and for the Recovery of Table Salt and Sodium
Sulphate) 301
H. Hantelmann
Bromine Concentration with Rise in Density of Sea Bitterns 313
M.H. Jadhav and V.V. Chowgule
Modernization of Salt-Manufacturing Process by Electrodialysis
Using Ion-Exchange Membrane Technology 317
H. Kawate, T. Seto, R. Komori and Y. Nagasato
An Approach to Process and Quality Control Relevant to Solar
Salt Field Operations in the Northwest
of Western Australia 325
J.N. McArthur
Description and Operation of a High Capacity Evaporator for
the Production of a very Pure Chemical Grade Salt 335
A. Pavlik, G. Arcangeli and J.C. Gallot
Hot Bed Desalination 341
J.R. Phillips
Sea Salt Production at Torrevieja, La Mata, Pinoso, Spain 349
J. Rocamora and J.M. Rafols
The Effect of Magnesium on the Solar Evaporation Process 359
D.G. Rands
Evolution of Harvesting Methods and Mechanization in Small
Saltworks 367
M. Rocha, E. Regato and F. Almeida
Saltworks - Natural Laboratories for Microbiological and
Geochemical Investigations During the Evaporation of Seawater 371
J. Schneider and A.G. Herrmann
Laboratory Study of the Crystallization of Sodium Chloride
from Brine 383
A. Scrutton
Technologie der Thermokompression im Salinenbetrieb
(Technology of Thermocompression in Salt Works) 397
R. Winkler
Calciumsulfat-Verkrustungen in NaCI-Verdampferanlagen: Ursachen
und Abhilfe (Calcium Sulphate Incrustations in NaCI Evaporation
Installations: Causes and Remedy) 403
W. Wöhlk

SALT MARKETS, NUTRITION AND OTHER USES, ENVIRONMENTAL
PROBLEMS AND MISCELLANEOUS

Auftausalz - Ja oder Nein? (Deicing Salt - Yes or No?) 411
H. Ahlbrecht
Kochsalz - lebensnotwendiger Stoff - industrieller Rohstoff -
Entsorgung und Umweltschutz (Table Salt: Essential Substance for
Life, Industrial Raw Material, Waste Disposal and Environmental
Protection) 417
H. Blessmann
Present Situation on Salt Products and Development of Various
Uses in North American Salt Markets and
Environmental Considerations 421
W.E. Dickinson
Natriumchlorid in der Ionenaustauschertechnik (Sodium Chloride
Use in Ion Exchange Techniques) 427
W. Döbbrick
Allgemeine Betrachtungen zur Analytik des Salzes - gegenwärtiger
Stand der Normung von Analysenmethoden
in ISO und ESSA (General Considerations of Salt Analysis -
Present State of the Standardization of Analysis
Methods in ISO and ESSA) 433
W. Doll
The Addition of Salt to Fluidized Bed Combustors 439
L.L. Gasner
Codex Alimentarius - Speisesalz: Ein Lebensmittel oder ein
Zusatzstoff? (Codex Alimentarius: Table Salt:
Food or Additive?) 447
G. Kinzel
Der Einsatz von Natriumchlorid für die einwandfreie Konservierung
von Rohhäuten und Fellen (The Use of Sodium Chloride for the
Perfect Preservation of Raw Leather and Furs) 453
J. Lange
Prevention of Dental Caries by Salt Flouridation 457
T.M. Marthaler
Impurities Contained Inside the Crystals of Solar and Vacuum
Evaporated Salts 463
T. Masuzawa
The Development of the Salt Market in Western Europe 475
J. Meynadier
Begrenzung des Zusatzes von Natriumnitrit bei der Herstellung
von Fleischerzeugnissen durch Verwendung von Nitritpökelsalz
(Limitation of the Use of Sodium Nitrite as an Additive for
Meat Products by the Use of Nitrite Pickling Salt) 479
K. Möhler
Sea Pollution and Solar Salt 485
M.A. Perinelli
Probleme bei der Herstellung von fluoridiertem Kochsalz
(Problems in the Production of Flouridated Table
Salt) 493
R. Rutishauser
Salzversorgung einer kombinierten Diaphragma-Amalgamzellen-
Elektrolyse (Salt Supply for a Combined Diaphragm-Amalgam-Cell
Electrolysis) 499
W. Schade
Neues Verfahren für die Reinigung einer aus Steinsalz gewonnenen
Sole (New Purification Method for Brines Developed from
Rock Salt) 503
R. Schöberle
Elements for Appreciating the Chemical Characteristics of
Portuguese Salt 509
A.M. Sobral, A. Costa and M. Rocha
Principles and Economics of Salt Production and Processing 519
J.H.G. Van der Stegen
Goiter and Manufacture of Iodized Salt in Developing Countries 525
P. Subramanian
The Softening of Potable Water in Western Europe 533
B.G. Wienk
Quality Assurance Guidelines - A New Necessity 541
F.O. Wood