In the era of modeling the importance of measurements seems not to be
on the actual agenda. Not many books about measurement methods and
techniques exist for atmospheric and related sciences. The present
book is based on lectures held by the author for students in
meteorology and environmental sciences. It has to be mentioned that
the knowledge of meteorological/climatological techniques builds one
of the most important targets also in climate and climate impact
research. Therefore the present book is warmly welcomed and not only
for teaching issues.
Recent and older books are structured in a traditional way explaining
in separate chapter’s different relevant meteorological parameters and
measurement techniques. Here the author separates from the beginning
in “in situ” and “remote techniques”. It has to be mentioned that the
author has long experience in experimental meteorology and climatology
and is predestinated as an appropriate author for a measurements book.
The book starts with an introduction with focus on necessity,
definition of measurements and historical aspects, which in my eyes
had to be expanded.
Chapter 2 defines and describes the basics of the different kinds of
measurements on 21 pages. The chapter is comprehensive and includes
all the required aspects for the characteristics of measurements,
techniques, and data.
The measurement techniques and instruments used for common/traditional
meteorological variables are described and analyzed in chapter 3 which
covers 34 pages. The chapter summarizes different measurement
possibilities for temperature, humidity, air pressure, and wind.
Chapter 4, which contains 9 pages, deals with the measurement of
liquid water and ice by the use of different kind of measurement
techniques starting from the Rain gauges (totalisators) and TDR-sondes
for soil moisture.
The book´s chapter 5 (25 pages) contains also the possibilities of
measurement of air pollutants and gives the book some extra value. It
contains all the relevant physical and chemical methods and also
recommendations of the measurement of gas and particles in the
atmosphere. I think that the title of the chapter should be “In-situ
measurements of pollutants” or similar. In comparison to other
chapters it has less figures and pictures.
The following chapter (6, contains24 pages) is dedicated to the
in-situ flux measurements and covers the full spectrum. It starts from
the measurement of radiation fluxes, different aspects of components
of the energy budget of the near surface atmosphere based on
traditional methods (Bowen) and eddy covariance and includes
correction possibilities. Focus is also given i.e. in the different
With chapter 7, the remote sensing methods are in focus. First the
basics of remote sensing are given and explained. It contains surface
based remote sensing techniques and applications and covers most of
the adar and lidar approaches. Focus is also given in the active-path
averaging techniques i.e. Scintillometers, FTUR and DOAS. It includes
also passive methods like radiometers and photometers. For cross
section approaches, tomography methods are presented and
explained. The chapter contains 48 pages and is well structured.
In the following 18 pages (chapter 8) the measurement methods based on
remote sensing for spatial and vertical resolution are presented. In
this chapter are included the methods for the detection of vertical
profiles of air temperature, humidity and distributions of atmospheric
parameters by satellites. Also included are the measurement
possibilities for wind and turbulence and SODAR or LIDAR techniques.
Chapter 9 (6 pages) deals with the possibilities for applying remote
sensing for water and ice in the atmosphere.
The measurement of gases and particles in the atmosphere with remote
sensing methods are presented and explained in chapter 10. The chapter
shows the diverse possibilities which are at moment very popular and
object of research in atmospheric sciences.
The following chapter 11 deals with the measurement of surface
properties. It is a short chapter (6 pages) but includes all the
relevant techniques and possibilities, which are of interest not only
for meteorological applications. Finally two shorts chapters mention
electrical phenomena measured with remote sensing and an outlook on
new developments is given.
In general this can be said to be a comprehensive book about
measurement methods, techniques, and possible applications. High
emphasis is given on the rapidly evolving experimental fields of
remote sensing possibilities. More than 100 figures and 400 references
mostly on recent literature and relevant photos complete the book.
The balance between text and visual material in form of schematic
diagrams, photos and tables is very good. Also very useful is the
appendix with technical guidelines and standards. Most of the well
known manufacturers of measurement equipment contributed via
advertisements to the book. A very positive aspect is the
recommendations given in each chapter.
For the next edition I would like to recommend several appendices with
unit conversions and if possible several full derivations of equations
i.e. radiation errors etc. As a colleague mentioned flow chart
diagrams of the methods and measurement systems would be helpful.
In general I recommend the books not only for teaching in bachelor and
master courses. The books is very informative and can be used also in
Biometeorology and related disciplines.
Andreas Matzarakis, Freiburg
Biometeorology Bulletin Volume 14, No. 2, 2010, p. 12-14