Hydrogeology of Arid Environments


Ed.: Randolf Rausch; Christoph Schüth; Thomas Himmelsbach

2012. X, 283 pages, numerous coloured figures and tables, 21x28cm, 1220 g
Language: English

ISBN 978-3-443-01070-6, bound, price: 49.90 €

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arid region hydrology sustainable development desert water management


Synopsis top ↑

In arid and semi-arid regions groundwater is often the only natural resource for water supply. Therefore, stakeholders face great challenges in managing this resource in a responsible way. The problem is further amplified by population growth, increase in agricultural, industrial and municipal water consumption, and the threat of climate change. Therefore, an optimal use and management of the scarce groundwater resources is imperative. A precondition for this is a sound understanding of the particularities of the hydrogeology of arid and semi-arid regions as well as a proper knowledge of the water budget, water resources in storage, and water quality.

This book summarizes the results of the conference “Hydrogeology of Arid Environments”, which was held in March 2012 in Hannover (Germany). It gives an overview about current research on this topic with examples from arid and semi-arid areas from all over the world.

The book is intended for scientists, engineers, hydrologists, hydrogeologists, and political decision makers interested in the water resources of arid and semi-arid environments.

Table of Contents top ↑

Preface V
Key Notes
Al Saud, M., Rausch, R.: Integrated Groundwater Management in the
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 1
Foster, St.: Agricultural Irrigation – A Critical Nexus for
Groundwater Resources in More Arid Climates 7
Hötzl, H.: Climatic Caused Variations of Groundwater Recharge in the
Middle East and its Consequences for the Future Water Management 10
Kinzelbach, W.: Modelling of the Hydrology and Hydraulics of the
Okavango Delta 15
Extended Abstracts
Abusaada, M., Tamimi, A., Sauter, M.: Demand Management as a Potential
Unconventional Source of Water, The West Bank Governorates 21
Arzani, N.: Groundwater Recharges in Dryland Alluvial Megafans:
Geomorphology versus Lithofacies Controls, Examples from Central Iran
Damtew, A. D.: Integrated Examinations of Hydraulic Conductivity,
Apparent Resistivity and Hydrochemical Characteristics of Aquifers in
a View to Minimize Failure Rates of Wells in Weybo River Catchment,
Southern Ethiopia, East Africa 30
Dirks, H., Holtkemper, S., Al-Saud, M., Rausch, R.: How Much Water is
Left? – An Economic Approach to the Quantifi cation of Non-Renewable
Groundwater Resources 34
Fadlelmawla, A., Hadi, K., Zouari, K.: Investigations of Recharge to
an Arid Zone Freshwater Lenses 36
Fakir, Y., Le Page, M., Aslikh, A., Fanzi, A., Huber, M.: Historical
Background of Water Resources and Current Management Initiatives in
the Semi-Arid Plain of Souss-Chtouka (Morocco) 40
Gossel, W., Sefelnasr, A., Wycisk, P.: Saltwater Intrusion Balances in
the Nubian Aquifer System 43
Gräbe, A., Rödiger, T., Kolditz, O., Rink, K., Fischer, T., Sun, F.,
Wang, W.: Development of a 3D Groundwater Flow Model in Semi-Arid to
Arid Region: The Western Drainage Basin of the Dead Sea (Israel and
West Bank) 48
Gröngröft, A., Landschreiber, L., Classen, N., Duijnisveld, W.,
Eschenbach, A.: Combining Field Measurements and Modeling of Soil
Water Dynamics to Quantify Groundwater Recharge in Dryland Savanna,
Namibia 52
Jabloun, M., Sahli, A., Hennings, V., Muller, W., Sieber, J., Purkey,
D.: Evaluating Uncertainty Introduced to MABIA-WEAP-FAO56 Soil Water
Balance Simulation Model by Using Limited Meteorological Data 56
Keim, B., Rausch, R., Al-Saud, M., Pfäffl in, H., Bárdossy, A.,
Bendel, D., Lorenz, M.: Large Scale Groundwater Recharge Estimation
with Hydrological Models in Arid Environments – Case Study Arabian
Peninsula – 60
Koeniger, P., Toll, M., Himmelsbach, T., Shalak, K., Hadaya, A.,
Rajab, R.: Stable Isotope Studies in Semiarid, Karstic Environments
Reveal Information for Sustainable Management of Water Resources in
Damascus, Syria 65
Koziorowski, G.: Preparatory Hydrogeological Investigations for the
Large-Scale Strategic ASR-Project in the Liwa Desert of the Abu Dhabi
Emirate 71
Mächtle, B., Ross, K., Eitel, B.: The Khadin Water Harvesting System
of Peru – An Ancient Example for Future Adaption to Climatic Change 76
Maliva, R. G., Herrmann, R., Winslow, F. P.: Managed Aquifer Recharge
of Reclaimed Water: Storage and Treatment Opportunities in Arid Lands
Mallast, U., Siebert, C., Schwonke, F., Wagner, B., Rödiger, T.,
Geyer, S., Gloaguen, R., Sauter, M., Kühn, F., Merz, R.: Application
of Thermal Data for Groundwater Studies in Arid Regions at the Example
of the Dead Sea 84
Margane, A., Makki, I.: Water Resources Protection for the Water
Supply of Beirut 89 Markovich, K. H., Pierce, S. A.: Integrated Remote
and in situ Assessment of a Playa Lake Groundwater System in Northern
Chile 92
Menzel, L., Törnros, T.: The Water Resources of the Eastern
Mediterranean: Present and Future Conditions 97
Michelsen, N., Schubert, M., Schüth, C., Rausch, R., Al Saud, M.:
Assessment of Natural Radioactivity Occurring in Saudi Arabian
Sandstone Aquifers 101
Nesrine, N., Rachida, B.: Hydrological and Hydrochemical Process of
the Sebkha Oum El Khialette, South East of Tunisia 105
Prathapar, S. A.: Constraints for Managed Aquifer Recharge in Arid and
Semi-Arid Regions 109
Prein, A., Weiß, J., Makhoul, R. S.: Groundwater Modeling Considering
Climate Change and Signifi cant Change in Recharge by Urban
Development Along the Western Coast of Saudi Arabia 112
Reuss, R., Zoßeder, K., Maßmann, J., Huber, M., Schelkes, K., Stork,
J., Priestly-Leach, O., Subah, A.: Linkage of WEAP and MODFLOW Models
for the Azraq Basin 118
Riegger, J., Tourian, M. J.: Characterization of Water Storage
Dynamics in Arid Areas by Satellite Gravimetry 124
Roediger, T., Meier, A., Siebert, C., Königer, F., Kallioras, A.,
Forestier, P., Fuest, T., Schüth, C., Rausch, R., Al-Saud, M.,
Dietrich, P.: Identifi cation of Potential Groundwater Recharge Using
3D-Spatial Soil Moisture Observations in the Ad-Dahna Desert, Kingdom
of Saudi Arabia 129
Sabri, R., Ghanem, M., Abu Madi, M., Merkel, B.: Groundwater Modeling
in Al Malih Basin, Jordan Valley 133
Sarsak, R. F., Almasri, M. N.: Modeling of Seawater Intrusion Due to
Climate Change Impacts in North Gaza Coastal Aquifer Using SEAWAT 137
Schlote, A., Hennings, V., Schäffer, U.: Water Balance for the Aleppo
Basin, Syria – Implications of Land Use on Simulated Groundwater
Abstraction and Recharge 141
Schmidt, S., Fischer, S., Toll, M., Ries, F., Zayed, O., Guttman, J.,
Marei, A., Weiss, M., Geyer, T., Sauter, M.: Design and Setup of a
High Resolution Hydrometric Monitoring Network in a Semi-Arid Karst
Environment – West Bank 147
Sharma, S. K.: Fluoride Problem in Semi-Arid Region – a Case Study
from India 151 Siebert, C., Rödiger, T., Rausch, R., Döhler, J.,
Michelsen, N., Al-Saud, M.: The Upper Mega Aquifer System on the
Arabian Peninsula – Delineation of Sub-Aquifer Interaction Using
Hydrochemical and REE+Y Patterns 154
Siegfried, T., Kinzelbach, W.: Moving Well Solution to Optimal,
Multi-Objective Groundwater Use – Method and Application 158
Sorman, A. U.: Wadi System Components Under Arid Climate to Estimate
Transmission Losses and Groundwater Recharge through Analytic/Numeric
Solutions 162
Toll, M., Shalak, K., Al-Safadi, M., Hadaya, A., Abdullah, A., Rajab,
R., Houben, G., Himmelsbach, T.: Mitigating the Current and Future
Challenges for the Drinking Water Supply of Damascus, Syria 166
Vassolo, S.: Groundwater Recharge in the Lake Chad Basin 171
Vogel, K., Döhler, J.: Monitoring of Water Resources in Arid Regions
Wang, H., Yang, P., Kinzelbach, W.: Modeling Ecological Water Releases
to the Lower Tarim River 180
Weyer, K. U., Ellis, J. C., Tademait Plateau: A Regional Groundwater
Recharge Area in the Centre of the Algerian Sahara 185
Poster Abstracts
Abi Rizk, J., Margane, A.: Surface Karst Features Mapping for the
Groundwater Catchment Area of Jeita Spring 190
Al Jabri, S., Ahmed, M., Al Maktoumi, A., Prathapar, S. A.: Potential
of Managed Aquifer Recharge of Treated Wastewater in the Governate of
Muscat, the Sultanate of Oman 191
Al Mahamid, J.: Application of Groundwater Modeling for Water
Resources Management in Arid Environments 192
Al Tokhais, A. S., Rausch, R., Dirks, H.: The Hydrogeology of Al Hassa
Springs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia – A Case Study for the
Depletion of an Aquifer 193
Al-ameri, A., Schneider, M., Janetz, S.: Hydrogeochemistry of
Groundwaters of the Sana‘a Basin Aquifer System, Yemen 194
Al-Amry, A. S.: Water Security and Water Quality Impacts in Yemen,
with Special Reference to Fluorosis 195
Alizadeh, H., Mousavi, S.J.: Interdependent Hydrogeology of Vadose
Zone and Shallow Groundwater in Agricultural Ecosystems for Estimation
of Irrigation Requirement 196
Alkhoury, W., Sauter, M.: Hydrological Modelling in Arid and Semi-Arid
Regions Using a Physics Based Model as a Tool for Water Budget
Assessment 197
Avagimyan, T., Petrosyan, B., Sargsyan, G.: Groundwater Resources in
Nagorno-Karabakh 198
Bani-Khalaf, R., Kalbouneh, A.: Water Resources Protection Plan for
Zara – Ma`een – Mujib Project Watershed 199
Bassis, A., Hinderer, M., Rausch, R., Keller, M., Schüth, C., Al-Ajmi,
H., Michelsen, N.: Radioactive Anomalies in the Paleozoic-Mesozoic
Aquifers of the Arabian Platform 200
Bohnsack, D., Keller, M., Hinderer, M., Hornung, J., Witte, P.,
Al-Ajmi, H., Schüth, C., Rausch, R.: Sedimentological and
Petrophysical Outcrop Analogue Studies of the Cretaceous Wasia-Biyadh
and Aruma Aquifers in Saudi Arabia 202
Burges, B., Gossel, W., Wycisk, P.: Evaluation of Water Resources in
the Dakhla Oasis (Egypt) 203
Cissé Faye, S., Diouf, O. C., Kaba, M., Diedhiou, M., Faye, S.,
Wohnlich, S., Gaye, C. B., Faye, A.: Combined Uses of WTF, CMB and
Environmental Isotopes to Investigate Groundwater Recharge in the
Thiaroye Sandy Aquifer (Dakar, Senegal) 204
Deckelmann, A., Al Khalifa, A., Rausch, R.: Hydrogeology of the
Wasia-Biyadh Aquifer, Saudi Arabia 206
Dioha, E., Scherer, L., Shiru, M.: Geophysical Exploration of
Groundwater in a Sedimentary Terrain: A Case Study from Uli over Benin
Formation in Niger Delta Basin, Nigeria 207
Doummar, J., Margane, A., Sauter, M., Geyer, T.: Assessment of
Transport Parameters in a Karst System under Various Flow Periods
through Extensive Analysis of Artifi cal Tracer Tests 208
Ebert, C., Geyer, S., Rödiger, T., Busch, W., Knoche, M., Gloaguen,
R., Pohl, E., Osenbrück, K., Baidulloeva, J., Weise, S. M.:
Determining the Water Budget of the Gunt (Semi-Arid Tajik Pamir) Using
Stable Water Isotopes, Hydrochemical- and Remote Sensing Data 209
El Shazly Mahmoud, M., Abu Degen, A. S., Abu Degen, S. H.: Deep
Exploratory Drilling for Wajid Sandstone Reservoirs 211
El-Hames, A. S., Al Thobaiti, A.: Proposing the Best Groundwater
Utilization for Haddat Al Sham Arid Region Aquifer, Western Saudi
Arabia 213
Elkrail, A. B., Obied, B. A.: Hydrochemical Characterization and
Groundwater Quality in Delta Tokar Alluvial Plain, Red Sea Coast –
Sudan 214
Fatha, C., Chemseddine, F.: Hydrogeological Characteristics of Djbel
Es Senn Turonian Limestone Aquifer of Tebessa Area (North East of
Algeria) 215
Friedrich, G., Reicherter, K., Rausch, R., Dirks, H., Al-Ajmi, H.,
Kolditz, O., Rink, K.: The Upper Permian, Triassic and Jurassic
Formations of the Eastern Arabian Peninsula – Drawing Up a Geological
3D-Model for the Khuff-Jilh-Minjur-Dhruma Aquifer System 216
Fuest, T., Al-Shabibi, I., Dirks, H., Rausch, R.: Hydrogeology of the
Late Permian, Triassic & Jurassic Aquifers of Saudi Arabia 218
Fulton, S., Wohling, D., Love, A.: Characterising Recharge through an
Arid Zone River Using an Environmental Tracer Approach 219
Gassen, N., Hamdan, I., Subah, A., Jaber, A., El-Fahem, T.:
Groundwater Resource Protection in Jordan, a Case Study from AW SA and
Heedan Well Fields 220
Gebreegziabher, M., Ayenew, T., Kebede, S., Mamo, S.: Environmental
Isotopes to Understand the Groundwater Flow Dynamics in Raya Valley,
Northern Ethiopia 222
Hadj-Said, S., Zeddouri, A.: Chemical and Bacteriological Quality of
the Shallow Alluvial Aquifer of Guerrara (Southeast Algeria) 223
Hamdan, I., Steinel, A.: Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) Potential Map
for Amman-Zarqa and Azraq Basins, Jordan 224
Hamdi, Y.: FAD: A Computer Based System for Frequency Analysis of
Droughts 225
Hashemi, H., Berndtsson, R., Kompani-Zare, M.: Modeling Artifi cial
Groundwater Recharge by Floodwater Spreading: Estimation, Effect and
Enhancement 226
Hennings, V., Massmann, J.: Pedotransfer Functions to Estimate Annual
Groundwater Recharge Rates in Countries of the Arab Region 228
Herrmann, R.: Importance of Geophysical Logging in Arid Heterogeneous
Unconfi ned Aquifers 229
Hijazi, F., Halwani, J., Daye, M., Baroudi, M.: Hydrogeology and
Contamination of the Basin of Tripoli 230
Houben, G., Noell, U., Grissemann, C.: Exploration and Management of
an Inland Fresh Water Lens in the Paraguayan Chaco 231
Hunger, J.: Hydrogeological and Hydrogeochemical Investigation of the
El Tatio Hydrogeothermal Field and the Rio Salado/Rio Loa River
System, Antofagasta Region, Chile 232
Jilali, A., Zarhloule, Y., Dassargues, A., Goderniaux, P.,
Wildemeersch, S.: Impact of Climate Change on the Figuig Oasis
Aquifer, Morocco, Using a Numerical Model 233
Kelly, T., Akram, M. R., Schott, U.: Ground Water Table Rise in an
Arid Environment – Investigations in Greater Doha Area 234
Knoche, M., Krause, P., Gloaguen, R.: Using Meteorological Satellite
Data in a Hydrological Model to Achieve Full Space-Time Coverage in
the Poorly Surveyed Awash Catchment (Central Ethiopia) 236
Kraushaar, S., Schumann, T., Ollesch, G., Siebert, C., Rödiger, T.:
Erosion and Sedimentation Studies in the Wadi Al Arab Catchment/ North
Jordan – Alternative Method Application and First Results in a Data
Scarce Environment 237
Krueger, E., Zacharias, S., Vereecken, H., Bogena, H.: TERENO-MED:
Observation and Exploration Platform for Water Resources in the
Mediterranean 239
Landschreiber, L., Gröngröft, A., Eschenbach, A.: Conceptual Framework
to Quantify the Influence of Soil, Land Use and Vegetation
Heterogeneity on Soil Water Balances and Dynamics along the Okavango
River Basin 241
Lapworth, D. J., MacDonald, A. M., Bonsor, H. C., Tijani, M. N.,
Calow, R. C.: Preliminary Results from a Water Economy and Livelihoods
Survey (WELS) in Nigeria and Mali, Sub-Saharan Africa, Investigating
Water Security and Access 243
Le Page, M., Simonneaux, V., Duchemin, B., Kharrou, H., Helson, D.,
Métral, J., Cherkaoui, M., Berjamy, B., Mougenot, B., Er-Raki, S.,
Chehbouni, A.: SAMIR, a Tool for Spatialized Estimates of
Evapo-Transpiration and Water Budget by Remote Sensing 244
Lindenmaier, F., Beukes, H., Christelis, G., Dill, H. G., Fenner, J.,
Himmelsbach, T., Kaufhold, S., Kringel, R., Lohe, C., Ludwig, R.,
Miller, R., Nick, A., Quinger, M., Schildknecht, F., Walzer, A., van
Wyk, B., Zauter, H.: Deep Fresh Groundwater Resources in the Cubango
Megafan, North Namibia 246
Mieseler, T.: Strategic Artificial Water Storage and Recovery Project
in the Liwa Desert, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 247
Mohamed. M. M. A.: Identification of Groundwater Natural Recharge
Areas in the Eastern Region of UAE 249
Mourad, K. A., Berndtsson, R.: Domestic and Industrial Water Demand in
Syria 250 Mtoni, Y., Mjemah, I. C., Walraevens, K.: Enhancing of
Environmental Quality through Groundwater Artificial Recharge in Dar
es Salaam Coastal Aquifer 251
Müller, T., Sanford, W., Osenbrück, K., Aeschbach-Hertig, W., Herb,
C., Strauch, G.: Use of Helium as a Tracer for Groundwater-Model
Calibration of the Dhofar Region of Southern Oman 253
Nair, K. S.: Groundwater in the Dry Zones of India: Quantity and
Quality Issues 255
Neumann, T., Gossel, W., Wycisk, P., Dirks, H., Rausch, R., Al
Khalifa, A.: Groundwater Evolution of the Umm Er Radhuma Aquifer in
the Rub’ Al Khali Desert (Arabian Peninsula) 256
Normatov, I., Buranova, S., Kholmirzoeva, M.: Monitoring of the
Mineralization and Chemical Composition Regime Changes of Underground
Waters in Vegetation Periods 257
Nouiri, I., Haddad, R., Maßmann, J., Huber, M., Laghouane, A., Müller,
H. W., Yahiaoui, H., Wolfer, J. Alshihabi, O., Al-Mahamid, J.,
Tarhouni, J.: Decision Support System (DSS) to Manage the Zeuss
Koutine Groundwater (Tunisia) Using the WEAP-MODFLOW Framework 258
Odeh, T., Geyer, S., Rödiger, T., Siebert, C., Schirmer, M.:
Interdisciplinary of Structural Geology and Hydrogeology: The Case
Study of Wadi Zerka Ma’in Catchment Area, Dead Sea, Jordan 259
Omrani, N., Burger, D.: The SASS Water Management in the Southern
Tunisia Oases: Water Shortage or Inadequate Approach? 261
Pfletschinger, H., Engelhardt, I., Schüth, C.: Evaluation of Water,
Vapor and Heat Fluxes under Arid Conditions by Inverse Modeling 262
Philipp, A., Grundmann, J.: Infiltration During Wadi Runoff – A
Modelling Tool for Improving Groundwater Recharge Assessment 263
Piyadasa, R. U. K., Weerahinghe, K. D. N.: Sustainable Use of
Groundwater in the Coast Affected by the Tsunami – Case Study of
Madiha East, Sri Lanka 264
Rahman, M. A., Uddin, M. S., Sadaa, M. A., Rusteberg, B.: Long-Term
Environmental Impact Assessment of a Managed Aquifer Recharge Project
in the Northern Gaza Strip by Using Mathematical Modeling Technique
Reshid, M. Y., Michelsen, N., Schüth, C., Stadler, S., Rausch, R.,
Weise, S., Al-Saud, M.: Identification of Multiple Nitrate Sources in
Selected Saudi Arabian Aquifers Using a Multi-Isotope Approach 266
Robertson, W. M., Sharp, Jr., J. M.: Sources of Nitrate and
Variability of its Concentrations in Arid Basin Groundwaters;
Implications for Flow Processes and Water Quality 267
Schmidt, N., Merkel, B.: Accessing the Genesis of Lithium-Rich Salt
Pan Brines by the Study of Chemical and Isotopic Compositions 269
Schulz, S., Rödiger, T., Siebert, C., Krause, P.: Groundwater Recharge
Estimation Using the Hydrological Model J2000g of the Zarqa River
Catchment, NW-Jordan 270
Shalev, N., Gavrieli, I., Lazar, B., Burg, A.: Groundwater
Contamination by Agricultural Activities in Arid Environment: Evidence
from Nitrogen and Oxygen Isotopic Composition, Arava Valley, Israel
Sieland, R., Merkel, B.: Insights in the Hydrodynamics of a
Lithium-Rich Brine Reservoir in an Arid Region in South-Western
Bolivia: Exploration Study at the Salar De Uyuni 272
Smadi, H., Hayajneh, A., Subah, A., Priestley-Leach, O., Stork, J.,
Huber, M., Maßmann, J.: Using WEAP – MODFLOW to Assess Water Resource
Management Options in the Azraq Basin in Jordan 273
Stoeckl, L., Houben, G.: Freshwater Lens Investigations (FLIN):
Visualizing Age Stratification and Internal Dynamics on a Laboratory
Scale 274
Suk, H., Lee, K.: Comparison of Various Numerical Schemes for
Simulating Fluid Flow in Variably Saturated Porous Media 275
Törnros, T., Menzel, L.: Regional Droughts and Irrigation Water Demand
under Current and Future Climates in the Jordan River Region 276
Ueckert, M., Brückner, L., Merkel, B.: Hydrogeological and
Hydrogeochemical Investigations in the Copiapó Valley, Región de
Atacama, Chile 277
Van Wyk, A. E., Kambinda, W., Amukwaya, M., Mwetulundila, A., Nuujoma,
R., Menge, L., Shidute, P.: A Three Dimensional Model of the Omdel
Aquifer in the Namib Desert of Namibia 278
Vassolo, S., Geerken, R., Bila, M.: Safeguarding Lake Chad Basin
Transboundary Aquifers under Uncertain Climatic Regime 279
Verones, F., Bartl, K., Pfi ster, S., Hellweg, S.: Using Simplified
Water Budgeting to Estimate Environmental Impacts in Life Cycle
Assessment (LCA) 280
Weyer, K. U., Ellis, J. C.: Tademait Plateau: A Regional Groundwater
Recharge Area in the Centre of the Algerian Sahara 281
Xanke, J., Sawarieh, A., Seder, N., Ali, W., Goldscheider, N., Hötzl,
H.: Managed Artificial Recharge into a Karst Aquifer – Wala Dam,
Jordan 282
Zomlot, Z., Elbaba, M., Batelaan, O.: Estimation of Spatially
Distributed Groundwater Recharge for Gaza Strip, Palestine 283