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Harro Passarge:

Pflanzengesellschaften Nordostdeutschlands III

Cespitosa und Herbosa

[The Plant associations of Northern Germany, Vol. III: Cespitosa and Herbosa]

2002. XX, 304 Seiten, 62 Tabellen, 17x24cm, 730 g
Language: Deutsch

ISBN 978-3-443-50027-6, brosch., price: 25.00 €

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Contents

Inhaltsbeschreibung top ↑

Harro Passarge, ein ausgezeichneter Kenner der Flora Norddeutschlands hat die Pflanzengesellschaften Nordostdeutschlands in diesem Werk geordnet beschrieben. Im dritten Band über die Cespitosa und Herbosa werden die bis 2001 ermittelten Vegetationseinheiten weiterer Klassen behandelt. Kennzeichnende Artenverbindung, strukturelle Besonderheiten, Ökologie und Verbreitung, regionale und kleinstandörtliche Untergliederung werden jeweils anhand von über 60 Stetigkeitstabellen bzw. Einzelaufnahmen im Text belegt. Entwicklungstrends, mögliche Gefährdung und landeskulturelle Werte werden als wichtige Grundlagen für wirksamen Naturschutz aufgezeigt. Mit der Erkundung noch wenig untersuchter Vegetationskomplexe (z.B. Frischwiesensäume, Schlagpioniervegetation, Verbascum-Staudenfluren) wird zur weiteren Kenntnis der uns umgebenden heimischen Pflanzenwelt beigetragen. Neben allgemeinen syntaxonomischen Fragen wurden an Beispielen coenologische Gesetzmäßigkeiten z.B. der Homotonität innerhalb der Assoziation erläutert.

Bespr.: Phytocoenologia vol. 34 no. 1 top ↑

Nearly 40 years after the first publication of the "plant communities of the lowlands of north-eastern Germany" in 2002 the third volume of a completely revised new edition was published. In this volume the author gives a survey of the ecology and the species composition of two "coenoformations", the Cespitosa and the Herbosa, which in the sense of Passarge comprise plant communities mainly dominated by grasses, herbaceous plants or perennials, respectively. In phytosociological terms these coenoformations include the classes Koelerio-Corynephoretea, Festuco-Brometea, Nardetea strictae, Artemisietea vulgaris, Galio-Urticetea, Lathyro-Vicietea, Trifolio-Geranietea, Melampyro-Holcetea and Epilobietea angustifolii.

The volume is divided into two main parts: in the first part the author gives a brief introduction to the climatic conditions and the soil conditions of the lowlands of north-eastern Germany. In addition, methodological principles are explained insofar as they are important for an understanding of the synoptic tables presented in the text.

The second and main part is dedicated to the description of the syntaxomony, the ecology and the species composition of the plant communities considered in this volume. The text gives for each association a brief description of its vegetation composition, mostly by listing the characteristic plant species. In some cases synecological and syngeographical aspects are also considered as well as questions concerning the protection of endangered plant communities. The probably most important information for readers familiar to phytosociology are the synoptic tables which give an overview of the frequency and the degree of cover of characteristic species of all associations and vegetation types considered.

As there are few if any recent surveys about the vegetation and the plant communities of the lowlands of north-eastern Germany the third volume (as well as the earlier published first and second volumes) certainly fills a gap in the literature in phytosociology with regard to this area. In addition, the author is undoubtedly one of the most excellent experts on the vegetation and its site conditions in eastern Germany, particularly of the lowlands. However, some aspects of the book may reduce its general acceptance and its use as reference work among experts and practicians. On the one hand the number of differentiated syntaxa by far exceeds that of other textbooks, for example that from OBERDORFER et al. ("Süddeutsche Pflanzengesellschaften") or from POTT ("Die Pflanzengesellschaften Deutschlands"). Taking the ruderal vegetation as an example, Passarge distinguishes 67 associations and 21 "communities" (of uncertain syntaxonomic rank), whilst in the textbook of POTT the ruderal vegetation comprises only 44 associations and 17 "communities" (but with regard to whole territory of the Federal Republic of Germany). This will limit the comparability of the syntaxa distinguished as a list of synonyma remains unconsidered in the book of Passarge. Several syntaxa are described for the first time but without regard to the rules of the International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature, although the author emphasizes the importance of the Code in the introduction of his book. On the other hand the third volume contains a huge number of mistakes concerning the citation of references (almost one per page). For example in the introduction the textbooks of Ellenberg (1963, 1986) and Lange (1991) are cited on page XV but they are missing in the bibliography. This will be particularly problematic, if the book desires to serve as a reference work with an extensive survey of the literature relevant for the lowlands of north-eastern Germany.

Despite these critical aspects the book of Passarge is a comprehensive source of data about the vegetation and its site conditions in north-eastern Germany. This will make the third volume indispensable for all vegetation scientists with a main emphasis of research in the lowlands of northern Germany.

Werner Härdtle/Jürger Dengler, Lüneburg

Phytocoenologia vol. 34 no. 1

Inhaltsverzeichnis top ↑

Vorwort V
Erläuterungen zu Abkürzungen und Tabellen XII
Untersuchungsgebiet XIII
Pflanzengesellschaften XVI
Coenoformation: Cespitosa 1
Klasse: Koelerio-Corynephoretea 1
Verband: Corynephorion canescentis 3
Corynephoretum canescentis 3
Agrostietum vinealis 10
Verband: Thero-Airion 11
Airetum caryophylleae 11
Tuberarietum guttatae 13
Vulpietum myuri 14
Airetum praecocis 14
Teesdalietum nudicaulis 16
Verband: Koelerion arenariae 16
(Phleetum arenarii)
Verband: Hieracio-Festucion arenariae 22
Festucetum arenariae 23
Verband: Plantagini-Festucion ovinae 24
Agrostietum tenuis 25
Festucetum ovinae 25
Festucetum brevipilae 31
Verband: Koelerion glaucae 36
Festucetum polesicae 37
Koelerietum glaucae 38
Festucetum psammophilae 40
Klasse: Festuco-Brometea erecti 42
Verband: Koelerio-Phleion 44
Koelerietum macranthae 44
Phleetum phleoidis 49/53
Verband: Festucion valesiacae 53
Stipetum capillatae 56
Stipetum borysthenicae 57
Verband: Bromion erecti 60
Cirsietum acaulis 60
Koelerietum pyramidatae 61
Brometum erecti 64
Verband: Cirsio-Brachypodion 65
Avenuletum pratensis 65
Brachypodietum pinnati 66
Klasse: Nardetea strictae 71
Verband: Violion caninae 71
Nardetum strictae 73
Verband: Nardo-Juncion squarrosi 78
Gentianetum pneumonanthis 78
Juncetum squarrosi 81
Verband: Avenello-Molinion 85
Verband: Rumici-Avenellion 86
Avenelletum flexuosae 87
Coenoformation: Herbosa 88
Klasse: Artemisietea vulgaris 88
Verband: Onopordion acanthii 89
Onopordetum acanthii 89
Carduetum acanthoidis 92
Carduetum nutantis 93
Cynoglossetum officinalis 93
Cirsietum lanceolati 96
Verband: Dauco-Melilotion 97
Melilotetum albo-officinalis 97
Picridetum hieracioidis 100
Verbascetum lychnitidis 100
Verbascetum densiflori 101
Berteroetum incanae 104
Oenotheretum biennis agg 105
Verband: Potentillo-Artemision 111
Artemisietum vulgaris 111
Artemisietum absinthii 115
Verband: Arction lappae 116
Arctietum lappae 116
Ballotetum nigrae 117
Malvetum sylvestris 120
Conietum maculati 120
Rumicetum obtusifolii 121
Dipsacetum sylvestris 124
Klasse: Galio-Urticetea 126
Verband: Angelicion archangelicae 127
Sonchetum palustris 128
Archangelicetum 129
Eupatorietum cannabini 132
Epilobietum hirsuti 132
Verband: Senecion fluviatilis 134
Calystegietum sepium 134
Cuscutetum lupuliformis 135
Senecionetum paludosae 137
Leonuretum marrubiastri 138
Senecionetum fluviatilis 139
Urticetum kioviensis 141
Verband: Humulo-Fallopion 142
Fallopietum dumetorum 142
Cucubaletum bacciferi 143
Humuletum lupuli 143
Asteretum lanceolati 146
Rudbeckia laciniata-Ges 147
Impatiens glandulifera-Ges 147
Bryonietum dioicae 150
Verband: Galio-Alliarion 151
Toriletum japonicae 151
Chaerophylletum temuli 153
Geranietum robertiani 156
Parietarietum officinalis 157
Impatientetum parviflorae 171
Asperugetum procumbentis 158
Verband: Aegopodion podagrariae 158
Aegopodietum podagrariae 159
Petasitetum hybridi 159
Cruciatetum laevipedis 162
Chaerophylletum aromatici 163
Menthetum longifoliae 164
Chaerophylletum bulbosi 169
Verband: Impatienti-Stachyion 164
Caricetum remotae 165
Impatientetum noli-tangere 167
Carduetum crispi 168
Vicietum sylvaticae 170
Cephalarietum pilosae 174
Telekietum speciosae 175
Helianthetum tuberosi 175
Heracleetum mantegazziani 177
Urticetum dioicae 178
Reynoutrietum japonicae 178
Verband: Violo-Stellarion holosteae 180
Fragarietum moschatae 180
Stellarietum holosteae 181
Klasse: Lathyro pratensis-Vicietea 183
Verband: Filipendulion ulmariae 186
Filipenduletum ulmariae 186
Polemonietum caeruleae 191
Lotetum uliginosi 193
Scirpetum sylvatici 194
Thalictretum flavi 195
Verband: Veronico-Lysimachion 196
Euphorbietum palustris 196
Euphorbietum lucidae 197
Lysimachietum vulgaris 197
Achilleetum salicifoliae 200
Scutellarietum hastifoliae 201
Inuletum salicinae 202
Verband: Anthrisco-Heracleion 204
Lathyretum pratensis 204
Anthriscetum sylvestris 205
Pastinacetum sativae 208
Geranietum pratensis 208
Verband: Hyperico-Vicion angustifolii 209
Galietum albi 209
Lathyretum nissoliae 210
Vicietum hirsutae 213
Lathyretum sylvestris 214
Klasse: Trifolio-Geranietea sanguinei 215
Verband: Geranion sanguinei 215
Peucedanetum cervariae 218
Thalictretum mini 219
Campanuletum bononiensis 220
Vicietum tenuifoliae 221
Stachyetum rectae 224
Seselietum libanotis 225
Trifolietum alpestris 227
Peucedanetum oreoselini 228
Verband: Trifolion medii 229
Silenetum nutantis 229
Melampyretum nemorosi 231
Vicietum cassubicae 234
Agrimonietum eupatoriae 235
Astragaletum ciceris 235
Klasse: Melampyro-Holcetea mollis 237
Verband: Veronico-Hieracion murorum 237
Hieracietum murorum 239
Lathyretum linifolii 241
Hieracietum sabaudi 242
Hieracietum laevigati 243
Hieracietum vulgatum 244
Verband: Melampyrion pratensis 244
Melampyretum pratensis 245
Verband: Holco-Pteridion 246
Pteridetum aquilini 246
Verband: Potentillo-Holcion 248
Holcetum mollis 248
Klasse: Epilobietea angustifolii 250
Verband: Galeopsio-Senecion sylvatici 252
Senecionetum sylvatici 252
Rumicetum acetosellae 256
Verband: Carici-Epilobion angustifolii 256
Digitalietum purpureae 257
Corydaletum claviculatae 258
Agrostietum 258
Calamagrostietum epigeios 258
Calamagrostietum canescentis 259
Calamagrostietum arundinaceae 262
Calamagrostietum villosae 263
Verband: Atropion bella-donae 264
Eupatorietum cannabini 264
Arctietum nemorosi 265
Senecionetum ovatae 268
Galeopsietum speciosae 269
Literatur 271
Register der botanischen Sippen und Syntaxa! 289