cover

Rudolf M. Schuster:

Austral Hepaticae Part II

2002. VIII, 606 pages, 224 figures, 17x24cm, 1410 g
Language: English

(Nova Hedwigia, Beihefte, Beih. 119)

ISBN 978-3-443-51041-1, paperback, price: 159.00 €

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Keywords

Austral HepaticaeJungermannlineaehepatic flora

Contents

synopsis top ↑

Part II of Austral Hepaticae treats two of the largest and most complex suborders of the order Jungermanniales. The first suborder, the Cephaloziineae, includes some four families, of which the largest and most complex, the Cephaleziaceae, contains five subfamilies, with some 12 genera.
The second suborder, the Jungermannlineae, includes some six families, ten subfamilies, and 40 genera.
In total, some 69 genera are studied. As in Part I, each genus/ subgenus is illustrated with both gametophytic and sporophytic details, and usually cytological details (drawn from the living plant). Over 2700 individual figures on 224 plates, drawn (with isolated exceptions) by the author, often from living plants, have been prepared for this volume.

The work thus is a summation of what the author has learned in over four decades, in field and in laboratory studies, in all areas of the Southern Hemisphere. Much of the technical data are relegated to Annotations, in which a mass of data is presented, sing specific species to round out our comprehension of the verse genera. As in Part I of this work, synoptic keys for smaller genera keys are usually presented.

Bespr.: Cryptogamie, Bryologie 2002, 24 (1) top ↑

En 2000, R.M. Schuster faisait paraître Austral Hepaticae Part I (Nova Hedwigia Beiheft 118), sur lequel une rencension a été publiée dans nos colonnes (Cryptogamie, Bryol., 2001, 22 : 61-62) ; nous y renvoyons pour la partie générale de ce travail. Dans la deuxième partie de la sa révision des Hépatiques australes, R.M. Schuster traite de deux des plus grands et des plus complexes sous-ordres des Jungermanniales : les Cephaloziineae regroupent 4 familles (dont les Cephaloziaceae, divisées en 5 sous-familles et 12 genres) ; les Jungermanniineae comprennent 6 familles, 10 sous-familles et 40 genres.

En tout 69 genres sont étudiés et présentés comme dans la première partie. Chaque genre/sous-genre est décrit, illustré par des détails du gamétophyte et du sporophyte, des détails cytologiques sur la base de deux ou trois espèces. Toutes les figures sont de la main de l'auteur, et ont été réalisées à partir de matériel frais, récolté pendant plus de quarante ans dans toutes les régions de l'Hémisphère sud. De nombreuses annotations au niveau des espèces viennent en complément des descriptions génériques. Seuls les petits genres ont une clé. L'auteur porte son attention sur les grands genres dont la compréhension est mal aisée.

Les positions taxonomiques assignées ne sont pas immuables, elles sont le résultat des observations de l'auteur. La séquence adoptée ne doit pas être interprétée comme une signification phylogénétique ; aucun arrangement linéaire ne peut exister. Cependant, elle essaye de réunir des familles alliées. L'ancrage phylogénétique de chaque groupe est discuté sous chaque sous ordre.

Des nouveautés taxonomiques sont à signaler : description d'un nouveau sous-genre Marsupella subgen. Amphimarsupella subgen. nov. qui comprend 2 espèces : M. subhyalina Schust. esp. type, et M. andicola sp. nov. du Venezuela ; la sous famille Gymnomitriaceae subfam. Stephaniellaceae est élevée au rang de famille.

Cryptogamie, Bryologie 2002, 24 (1)

Rev.: Nova Hedwigia 78/3-4, 2004 top ↑

"Austral Hepaticae" is beside the monumental "Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of NorthAmerica" one of the main works of R.M. Schuster. Austral Hepaticae tries to provide a modern synthesis of the hepatic flora of the Southern Hemisphere, a summation ofwhat the author has learned in over four decades in this region of the world. Also the author tries to provide a modern synthesis of the definition of families and genera ofliverworts.

Part II of Austral Hepaticae treats two of the largest and most complex suborders ofthe leafy Hepaticae, the Jungermanniales: the Cephaloziineae and the Jungermanniineae. The Cephaloziineae includes four families, of which the largestand most complex are the Cephaloziaceae, with 12 genera. The Jungermanniineae includes six families with 40 genera. In total 69 genera are studied. Each genus/subgenus is illustrated with these for Schuster typical drawings withboth gametophytic and sporophytic characters, also often with cytological characters.

In total the book is illustrated with over 2700 figures on 224 plates. For smallergenera synoptic keys are presented.

That's one of the greatest works of R.M. Schuster. It is already by this time a standardflora of the Hepaticae of the Southern Hemisphere, surely it will be unsurpassed and it is absolute necessity also for a private bryological library.

W. FREY, Berlin

Contents top ↑

Preface 1
Suborder V. Cephaloziineae Schust. 4
Key to Families of Cephaloziineae 5
Family 1. Cephaloziaceae Cavers 6
Key to Subfamilies and Genera 7
Subfamily 1. Cephalozioideae 10
1. Metahygrobiella Schust. 11
Key to Gondwanalandic Subgenera and Species 15
Annotations 15
2. Cephalozia (Dumort.) Dumort 20
Key to Subgenera and Species 25
Annotations 27
3. Nowellia Mitt. ex Godman 35
Key to Sections and Species 38
Annotations 38
Subfamily 2. Trabacelluloideae (Fulf.) Schust. 41
Synopsis of Genera 42
1. Fuscocephaloziopsis Fulf 42
Key to Species 44
Annotations 44
2. Haesselia Grolle & Gradst 46
Annotations 48
3. Trabacellula Fulf 49
Subfamily 3. Alobielloideae Schust. 51
Key to Genera 52
Annotations 53
1. Iwatsukia Kitagawa 54
Key to Species 56
Annotations 57
2. Alobiella (Spr.) Schiffn. 61
Key to Species 63
Annotations 63
3. Alobiellopsis Schust. 66
Key to Species 68
Annotations 69
Subfamily 4. Schiffn.erioideae Schust. 76
1. Schiffn.eria Steph 78
Subfamily 5. Odontoschismatoideae Buch 79
Key to Genera 80
1. Odontoschisma (Dumort.) Dumort 80
Annotations 83
2. Anomoclada Spruce 85
Annotations 88
Family 2. Cephaloziellaceae Douin 89
Key to Genera 91
1. Amphicephalozia Schust. 92
2. Allisoniella Hodgs 95
Key to Sections and Species 99
Annotations 99
3. Cephalomitrion Schust. 102
Annotations 104
4. Cephaloziella (Spr.) Schiffn. 107
Key to Subgenera 111
Subgenus Schizophyllum K. Müll 112
Key to Sections and Species 112
Annotations 114
Subgenus Cephaloziella 121
Annotations 123
Subgenus Evansia (Douin) K. Müll 134
Annotations 136
Subgenus Prionolobus (Spr.) K. Müll 138
Key to Species 140
Annotations 140
Subgenus Distichopsis Schust. 142
Annotations 142
Appendix to Cephaloziella 144
5. Cylindrocolea Schust. 146
Key to Subgenera, Sections and Species 148
Annotations 151
6. Cephaloziopsis (Spr.) Schiffn. 156
Key to Subgenera and Species 159
Annotations 159
7. Kymatocalyx Herz 161
Key to Species 163
Alternative Key 164
Annotations 164
8. Cephalojonesia Grolle & V. Berghen 169
Annotations 170
Family 3. Adelanthaceae (Joerg.) Grolle 172
Key to Genera 173
1. Adelanthus Mitt 174
Key to Species 177
Annotations 177
2. Calyptrocolea Schust. 183
Key to Sections and Species 186
Annotations 187
3. Wettsteinia Schiffn. 195
Key to Austral Species 197
Annotations 198
Family 4. Jackiellaceae Schust. 198
1. Jackiella Schiffn. 200
Key to Species 202
Annotations 202
Suborder VI. Jungermanniineae Schust. 205
Synopsis of Families 207
Family 1. Jungermanniaceae Dumort 209
Key to Austral Subfamilies of Jungermanniaceae 211
Subfamily 1. Chandonanthoideae Inoue 213
Key to Genera 215
1. Chandonanthus Mitt 215
Annotations 218
2. Plicanthus Schust. 218
Key to Species 220
Annotations 221
3. Tetralophozia (Schust.) Schljakov 224
Key to Species 226
Annotations 226
Subfamily 2. Lophozioideae (Cavers) Schust. 229
Synopsis of Genera of Lophozioideae 231
1. Lophozia (Dumort.) Dumort 232
Key to Subgenera of Lophozia 233
Subgenus 1. Orthocaulis (Buch) Schust. 234
Tentative Key to Austral Taxa 236
Annotations 236
Subgenus 2. Barbilophozia (Lske.) K. Müll 238
Annotation 240
Subgenus 3. Schistochilopsis Kitagawa 240
Key to Species 242
Annotations 242
Subgenus 4. Isopaches (Buch) Schust. 245
Key to Species 247
Annotations 247
Subgenus 5. Lophozia (Dumort.) Dumort 250
Key to Species 252
Annotations 252
Subgenus 6. Protolophozia Schust. 253
Key to Species 257
Annotations 259
Subgenus 7. Hypolophozia Schust. 272
Key to Species (Tentative) 274
Annotations 275
2. Gymnocoleopsis (Schust.) Schust. 285
Key to Subgenera and Species 287
Annotations 287
3. Tritomaria Schiffn. 290
Key to Subgenera and Species 291
Annotations 291
4. Anastrophyllum (Spr.) Schiffn. 293
Key to Subgenera and most Species 298
Annotations 301
5. Andrewsianthus Schust. 320
Key to Subgenera 323
Key to Species 323
Annotations 326
6. Sphenolobopsis Schust. & Kitag 340
Annotations 342
7. Roivainenia Persson 343
Annotations 345
8. Pseudocephaloziella Schust. 347
Subfamily 3. Jungermannioideae Dumort 350
Key to Austral Genera of Jungermannioideae 352
1. Nardia S. F. Gray 353
Synopsis of Subgenera 356
Annotations 357
2. Invisocaulis Schust. 362
3. Bragginsella Schust. 364
4. Jungermannia L 367
Key to Austral Species of Jungermannia s. str 370
Annotations 370
5. Solenostoma Mitt 371
Key to Subgenera and Species 376
Annotations 379
6. Horikawaella Hatt. & Amak 389
7. Arctoscyphus Haessel 391
Key to Species 393
Annotations 393
8. Cryptostipula Schust. 396
Subfamily 4. Jamesonielloideae Inoue 399
Key to Genera 401
1. Jamesoniella (Spr.) Carring 403
Key to Austral Taxa 405
Annotatios 406
2. Cuspidatula Steph 411
Key to Species 413
Annotations 413
3. Cryptochila Schust. 414
Key to Taxa 416
Annotations 417
4. Denotarisia Grolle 421
Annotations 422
5. Anomacaulis (Schust.) Schust. 424
Annotations 426
6. Nothostrepta Schust. 426
Key to Species 429
Annotations 429
7. Vanaea (Inoue & Gradst.) Inoue & Gradst 431
Annotations 432
8. Pisanoa Haessel 434
Subfamily 5. Gottschelioideae Schust. 436
1. Gottschelia Grolle 438
Key to Species 440
Annotations 440
Subfamily 6. Scaphophylloideae Schust. 441
1. Scaphophyllum Inoue 443
Annotations 443
Subfamily 7. Notoscyphoideae Schust. 445
1. Notoscyphus Mitt 448
Key to Putative Species 449
Annotations 449
Subfamily 8. Eremonotoideae Schust. 454
1. Paramomitrion Schust. 457
Family 2. Scapaniaceae Kold.-Rosenv 459
Key to Regional Genera of Scapaniaceae 461
1. Diplophyllum Dumort 462
Key to Regional Subgenera and Species 464
Subgenus 1. Protodiplophyllum Schust. 466
Annotations 467
Subgenus 2. Austrodiplophyllum Schust. 474
Annotations 476
2. Scapania (Dumort.) Dumort 478
Key to Non-African Subgenera and Species 481
Annotations 482
Family 3. Delavayellaceae Schust. 487
1. Delavayella Steph 489
Annotations 489
Family 4. Blepharidophyllaceae (Schust.) Schust. 491
Key to Genera 493
1. Clandarium (Grolle) Schust. 494
Key to Sections and Species 496
Annotations 496
2. Blepharidophyllum Ångstr 500
Key to Species 503
Annotations 503
Family 5. Gymnomitriaceae Limpr 507
Key to Subfamilies 511
Key to Genera of Gymnomitriaceae (Partially Artificial) 512
Subfamily 1. Gymnomitrioideae Limpr 514
1. Acrolophozia Schust. 516
Key to Species 518
Annotations 518
2. Herzogobryum Grolle 520
Key to Species 522
Annotations 523
3. Nothogymnomitrion Schust. 529
Annotations 532
4. Marsupella Dumort 534
Key to Subgenera 538
Subgenus 1. Marsupella Dumort 539
Key to Studied Austral Taxa 540
Annotations 540
Subgenus 2. Stolonicaulon Kitag 544
Key to Subspecies 546
Annotation 546
Subgenus 3. Nanocaulon Schust. 547
Annotations 549
Subgenus 4. Micromarsupella Schust. 551
Subgenus 5. Amphimarsupella Schust., subg. n 551
Key to Species of Amphimarsupella 555
Annotations 555
5. Apomarsupella Schust. 557
Key to Species 560
Annotations 560
6. Gymnomitrion Corda 562
Key to better known Taxa of Gymnomitrion 566
Annotations 567
7. Nanomarsupella (Schust.) Schust. 577
Subfamily 2. Lophonardioideae Schust. 580
1. Lophonardia Schust. 580
Annotations 583
Family 6. Stephaniellaceae (Schust.) Schust., status nova 584
Key to Genera 587
1. Stephaniella Jack 587
Key to Species 590
Annotations 591
2. Stephaniellidium Winkler 596
Annotations 598
Index 599