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Algae and extreme environments

Ecology and Physiology. Proceedings of the International Conference 11-16 September 2000 Trebon, Czech Republic. Dedicated to Prof. Jiri Komarek on the occasion of his 70. birthday

Ed.: Josef Elster; Joseph Seckbach; Warwick F. Vincent; ; Oldrich Lhotský

2001. XV, 602 pages, 340 figures, 83 tables, 6 plates, 17x24cm, 1390 g
Language: English

(Nova Hedwigia, Beihefte, Beih. 123)

ISBN 978-3-443-51045-9, paperback, price: 148.00 €

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Keywords

AlgeUmweltalgaeextreme environment

Contents

Content Description top ↑

This book is derived from the conference entitled 'Algae and extreme environments - Ecology and Physiology' held in Trebon, Czech Republic, September 11-16, 2000. At the conference, 28 lectures and 46 posters were presented. All together 75 persons from 17 nations participated in the conference.

The aim of the conference was firstly to bring together research phycologists for discussions concerning prokaryotic and eukaryotic oxyphototrophic micro-organisms living in extreme environments, and secondly to map the present state of knowledge within this research topic. The volume starts with origin and evolution of life on Earth and covers also possibilities of life in extraterrestrial worlds. The opening part (Sektion I) introduced by editors is followed by all the most commonly studied stress factors and responses across a broad range of extreme environments and/or marginal ecological situations.

Contents top ↑

Foreword IX
Preface XI
Acknowledgements XIV
Section I
Inaugural papers
Life, O Life, from were have you come? Where are you not?
JOSEF SVOBODA 1
Oxygenic photosynthetic microorganisms in extreme environments
AHARON OREN & JOSEPH SECKBACH 13
Section II
Algae in environments with extreme temperatures
Introduced by WARWICK F. VINCENT & CLIVE HOWARD-WILLIAMS 33
Diatom assemblages in high mountain streams of the Alps and the Himalaya
MARCO CANTONATI; GIORGIA CORRADINI; INGRID JÜTTNER & EILEEN J. COX 37
Controlled environment platform used in temperature manipulation study
of a stream periphyton in the Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard
JOSEF ELSTER; JOSEF SVOBODA & HIROSHI KANDA 63
Thermal microorganisms from a hot spring on the coast of Lake Bogoria, Kenya
FRANTISEK HINDÁK 77
Algal assemblages in anoxic relictual oxbow lakes from the Lower
Paraná floodplain (Argentina)
IRINA IZAGUIRRE; RODRIGO SINISTRO; INÉS O'FARRELL; FERNANDO UNREIN &
GUILLERMO TELL 95
Phototrophic microvegetation of thermal springs in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
JAN KATOVSKY & JIRÍ KOMÁREK 107
Contribution to the taxonomy and ecology of green cryosestic algae in
the summer season 1995-96 at King George Island, S. Shetland Islands
ONDREJ KOMÁREK & JIRÍ KOMÁREK 121
Periphyton ecology of glacial and snowmelt streams, Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard:
presence of mineral particles in water and their erosive activity
KLÁRA KUBECKOVÁ; JOSEF ELSTER & HIROSHI KANDA 141
Glacial cryoconite ecosystems: A bipolar comparison of algal
communities and habitats
DEREK R. MUELLER; WARWICK F. VINCENT; WAYNE H. POLLARD &
CHRISTIAN H. FRITSEN 173
Community structure and microhabitat characteristics of cyanobacterial mats
in an extreme high Arctic environment: Ward Hunt Lake
VALÉRIE VILLENEUVE; WARWICK F. VINCENT & JIRÍ KOMÁREK 199
Section III
Algae in habitats with reduced and extreme radiation
Introduced by PATRIZIA ALBERTANO & MARIONA HERNÁNDEZ-MARINÉ 225
Characterisation of spectral emission by cyanobacterial biofilms
in the Roman Catacombs of Priscilla in Rome (Italy)
LAURA BRUNO; SILVIA PIERMARINI & PATRIZIA ALBERTANO 229
Phototrophic biofilm morphology in dim light. The case of the
Puigmoltó sinkhole
MARIONA HERNÁNDEZ-MARINÉ; MÓNICA ROLDÁN; ESTER CLAVERO; ANTONI CANALS
& XAVIER ARIÑO 237
Affinity of surface phytoplankton populations to high irradiance in
hypertrophic fish ponds: implications of the competition between
chlorococcal algae and cyanobacteria
JIRÍ MASOJÍDEK; LIBOR PECHAR; MICHAL KOBLÍZEK; LUBOS ADAMEC &
JOSEF KOMENDA 255
Tolerance of Antarctic cyanobacterial microbial mats to natural UV radiation
ANTONIO QUESADA; MARÍA SÁNCHEZ-CONTRERAS & EDUARDO FERNÁNDEZ-VALIENTE 275
Different strategies of aeroterrestrial algae in reacting to increased levels
of UV-B and ozone
WERNER REISSER & PEGGY HOUBEN 291
Section IV
Algae in soils
Introduced by JEFFREY R. JOHANSEN & L. ELLIOT SHUBERT 297
Preliminary results about contributions of soil Algae and
Cyanobacteria in microbial communities of Arctic soils - a microscopic
approach
MANFRED BÖLTER 307
Life strategies of Microcoleus vaginatus: a crust-forming cyanophyte
on desert soils
INKA DOR & AVINOAM DANIN 317
Microbiotic crusts of the Mojave Desert: factors influencing
distribution and abundance
JEFFREY R. JOHANSEN; CHRSTOPHER BRITTON; THEODORE C. ROSATI; LI
XUESONG; LARRY L. ST. CLAIR; BRUCE L. WEBB; ANESSA J. KENNEDY &
KRISTIN S. YANKO 341
Morphological and taxonomic study of three terrestrial
eustigmatophycean species
JIRÍ NEUSTUPA & YVONNE NEMCOVÁ 373
Diversity of soil Cyanophyta, CO2-gas exchange and acetylene reduction of the
soil crust in the cryogenic soils (East-European tundra)
ELENA PATOVA & MICHAIL SIVKOV 387
Morphological responses to varying environmental conditions in
lebsormidium flaccidum isolated from Moroccan desert soils
ALOISIE POULÍCKOVÁ; DARINA DRÍMALOVÁ; RADKO NOVOTNÝ; PAVLA VÁLOVÁ &
PAVEL HAVRÁNEK 397
Distribution and abundance of edaphic algae adapted to highly acidic,
metal rich soils
L. ELLIOT SHUBERT; ANA-MARIA RUSU; KATALIN BARTOK & CLIVE B. MONCRIEFF 411
Ancient viable phototrophs within the permafrost
TATIANA A. VISHNIVETSKAYA; LUDMILA G. EROKHINA; ELENA V. SPIRINA; ANASTASIA
V. SHATILOVICH; ELENA A. VOROBYOVA & DAVID A. GILICHINSKY 427
Section V
Algae and Cyanobacteria under desiccation and ionic stress
Introduced by WILLIAM J. HENLEY 443
Behaviour of diatoms apparently adapted to salinity. The case of
Climaconeis scopulorioides and Amphora aff. hyalina
ESTER CLAVERO; FERRAN GARCIA-PICHEL; JOAN O. GRIMALT & MARIONA
HERNÁNDEZ-MARINÉ 453
Green alga Prasiola crispa and its lichenized form Mastodia tesselata
in Antarctic environment: General aspects
LUBOMÍR KOVÁCIK & ANTONIO BATISTA PEREIRA 465
Influence of salinity on nitrogen metabolism of two geographically different
isolates of Anabaena
SATYA PRAKASH SHUKLA & AJAI KUMAR KASHYAP 479
Response of cyanobacteria strains to stress induced by heavy metal ions
LUDMILA N. VOLOSHKO; OLGA V. GAVRILOVA & MICHAEL B. MOUSTAKAS 487
Section VI
Physiological and molecular responses of algae to extreme conditions
Introduced by JIRÍ MASOJÍDEK 499
Cytochemistry of cyanobacterial exopolymers in biofilms from Roman hypogea
PATRIZIA ALBERTANO & SIMONA BELLEZZA 501
Sequences of the Internal Transcribed Spacer II (ITS II) from different
Galdieria species and strains
CLAUDIA CINIGLIA; SALVATORE COZZOLINO; ANTONINO POLLIO & GABRIELE PINTO 519
Physiological characterization of the acidophilic red alga Galdieria
sulphuraria isolated from a mining area
WOLFGANG GROSS & SABINE GROSS 523
Genetic diversity of thermo-acidophilic red algae according to random
amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis
INGO HEILMANN & WOLFGANG GROSS 531
A new unit for crossed gradients of temperature and light
JANA KVÍDEROVÁ & JAROMÍR LUKAVSKÝ 541
Psychrophilic microalgae from north-west Spitsbergen, Svalbard: their
taxonomy, ecology and preliminary studies of their cold adaptation
using single cell electrorotation
THOMAS LEYA; TORSTEN MÜLLER; HAU U. LING & GÜNTER FUHR 551
The application of differential scanning calorimetry and ice nucleation
spectrometry to ecophysiological studies of algae
M. ROGER WORLAND & ALENA LUKESOVÁ 571
Effects of environmental factors on ultrastructure and growth of the green
alga Koliella antarctica
STEFANIA ZANETTI; NICOLETTA LA ROCCA; ISABELLA MORO; BENEDETTO SALVATO;
PAOLO DI MURO; NICOLETTA RASCIO & CARLO ANDREOLI 585
Index 593