Phytoplankton evolution, taxonomy and ecology

Ed.: Linda K. Medlin; Gregory J. Doucette; Maria Célia Villac

2008. XVIII, 315 pages, 333 figures, 26 tables, 17x24cm, 780 g
Language: English

(Nova Hedwigia, Beihefte, Beih. 133)

ISBN 978-3-443-51055-8, paperback, price: 114.00 €

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phytoplankton taxonomy ecology morphology algal bloom Fryxell Greta A.


Synopsis top ↑

This volume is dedicated to Professor Greta A. Fryxell in recognition of her long and distinguished career in the taxonomy and ecology of phytoplankton, especially the diatoms, and the considerable influence she has had on all those who have interacted with her and as a mentor of young scientists.

It features 21 original, reviewed papers, thematically delineating the realm of Prof. Fryxell's work, ranging from morphology, taxonomy, molecular genetics, (harmful) algal blooms, their ecology, palaeontology, the temporal variation to the identification and description of new pyhtoplankton/diatom species.

The geographic scope of the phytoplankton-, especially diatom papers in this volume is worldwide and includes studies which focus on the US, polar regions, Chile, Antarctica, Brazil, Gulf of Mexico and Poland.

The papers were contributed by Fryxell's collaborators, colleagues, students and her children.

Review: Nova Hedwigia 87/3-4 (November 2008) top ↑

This special issue of Nova Hedwigia Beihefte is dedicated to the well known diatomist and marine plankton biologist Greta A.Fryxell. A first section of the book (pp. ixxviii) is devoted to Greta Fryxell’s long and distinguished career, including some biographical elements together with a list of her publications (from 1970 to 2003) and some tributes by former students and colleagues, among which a note by Eugene Stoermer on «Greta A.Fryxell’s contributions to diatom taxonomy». This section ends in a short «picture gallery» and, somewhat curiously, with some colour plates illustrating papers following later in the volume.

The second part of the book (pp. 1-329) includes twenty-one scientific papers ordered in three groups according to their authors: ten articles contributed by her former students, eight articles by her colleagues and three articles by her children. From this latter group we can see the variety of scientific interests shown by her children, including evolution of cyanobacteria, geological research or water purification by means of nanomaterials.

More than half of the phycological papers deal with taxonomy, morphology and evolution of diatoms, especially of the following taxa: Minidiscus trioculatus, Odontella aurita and O. longicruris, Thalassiosira lacustris, some species of Coscinodiscus, Fragilariopsis cylindrus and F. nana, Pseudauliscus radiatus and Fryxelliella floridana and a number of araphid genera. Two new genera are described: (1) Poloniasira fryxelliana Kaczmarska & Ehrman, n. gen., n. sp., a new fossil thalassiroid diatom from Poland and (2) Mastodiscus Bail. ex Prasad & Nienow, a new genus of recent marine diatoms, based on a forgotten «nomen nudum» of Bailey to accommodate Pseudauliscus radiatus (Bail.) Schmidt which appeared to be different enough from P. peruvianus to be considered a genus of its own.

Other papers on diatoms include morphological observations and phylogenetic studies on psychrophilic polar diatoms, observations on chain formation as evidenced by the early diatom fossil record and an assessment of recent genera in the araphids using molecular data. In the latter article, molecular analyses seem to demonstrate that the group of species around Synedra ulna (Fragilaria subgen. Ulnaria) would be generically different from Fragilaria. If this is established, the correct name of this genus under the current code of nomenclature would be Ulnaria and not Synedra as proposed by the authors since the type of the genus name Synedra is S. balthica (= S. gaillonii) which implies that only the genus including S. gaillonii could be called Synedra (and not Catacombas, as proposed by the authors).

Physiology and biochemistry of the diatoms include a study on salinity and domoic acid production in Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries and another on intracellular ion concentration and cell sap density in buoyant oceanic phytoplankton.

Studies on marine phytoplankton concern bloom ecology in the Inner Sea of Chiloé (Chile), the surf-zone of the State of São Paulo, Brazil and the picoplankton of the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean, this one involving mainly the prokaryotes Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus and some undetermined picoeukaryotes.

Three further papers deal with Dinophyceae: a short note on a Protoperidinium grazing on a colony of Phaeocystis, a paper on the identification of the Kareniaceae in the Gulf of Mexico and another on a new buoy-based in-situ optical early warning system for harmful algal blooms, specially designed for detecting blooms of the harmful dinoflagellate Karenia brevis.

The book will be of interest for all diatomists and for the phycologists involved in studies on marine phytoplankton but also for researchers and other people involved in the prevention and struggle against harmful algal blooms.

P. COMPÈRE, Meise, Belgium

Nova Hedwigia 87/3-4 (November 2008)

Review: Journal of Plankton Research vol. 31 no. 1 (Link) top ↑

Contents top ↑

Preface V
List of publications by Greta A. Fryxell VI
Stoermer, E. F.: Greta A. Fryxell’s contributions to diatom taxonomy XIV
Tester P. A.: An open letter in tribute to Greta A. Fryxell XIX
Gould, R. W.: Greta A. Fryxell, Special volume dedication XX
Picture gallery by Greta A. Fryxell XXIII
Colour plates XXV
From her Students
Buck, K. R., F. P. Chavez & A. S. Davis: Minidiscus trioculatus, a
small diatom with a large presence in the upwelling systems of central
California. (With 2 figures) 1
Choi, H.-G., H. M. Joo, W. Jung, S.-S. Hong, J.-S. Kang & S.-H. Kang:
Morphology and phylogenetic relationships of some psychrophilic polar
diatoms (Bacillariophyta). (With 8 figures and 1 table) 7
Doucette, G. J., K. L. King, A. E. Thessen & Q. Dortch: The effect of
salinity on domoic acid production by the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia
multiseries. (With 4 figures and 1 table) 31
Hoban, M. A.: Biddulphioid diatoms III: Morphology and taxonomy of
Odontella aurita and Odontella longicruris (Bacillariophyta,
Bacillariophytina, Mediophyceae) with comments on the sexual
reproduction of the latter. (With 31 figures and 2 tables) 47
Iriarte, J. L. & H. E. González: Phytoplankton bloom ecology of the
Inner Sea of Chiloé, Southern Chile. (With 8 figures and 1 table) 67
Medlin, L., I. Jung, R. Bahulikar, K. Mendgen, P. Kroth & W. H. C. F. Kooistra:
Evolution of the Diatoms. VI. Assessment of the new genera in the araphids
using molecular data. (With 20 figures and 2 tables) 81
Miller, N. & J. R. Johansen: Observations on a diminutive form of
Thalassiosira lacustris (Grunow) Hasle from Ohio, USA. (With 29
figures and 1 table) 101
Moissan, T.: Notre: A unique linkage in carbon energy transfer: A
heterotrophic Protoperidinium grazing on a Phaeocystis colony in
McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. (With 1 figure) 113
Villac M. C. & V. A. P. Cabral Noronha: The surf-zone phytoplankton of
the State of São Paulo, Brazil. I. Trends in space-time distribution
with emphasis on Asterionellopsis glacialis and Anaulus australis
(Bacillariophyta). (With 6 figures and 2 tables) 115
Woods, S. and T. A. Villareal: Intracellular ion concentrations and
cell sap density in positively buoyant oceanic phytoplankton. (With 3
figures and 4 tables) 131
From her Colleagues
Doolittle, D.F., W.K.W. Li & A.M. Wood: Wintertime abundance of picoplankton
in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. (With 6 figures and 1 table) 147
Campbell, L., J.N. Walpert & N. L. Guinasso, Jr.: A new buoy-based in-situ
optical early warning system for harmful algal blooms in the Gulf of Mexico.
(With 6 figures). 161
Crawford, R.M. & P.A. Sims: Some principles of chain formation as evidenced
by the early diatom fossil record. (With 25 figures) 171
Ferrario, M.E., G. Almandoz, S. Licea & I. Garibotti: Species of Coscinodiscus
(Bacillariophyta) from the Gulf of Mexico, Argentina and Antarctic waters:
morphology and distribution. (With 68 figures and 1 table) 187
Kaczmarska, I. & J.M. Ehrman: Poloniasira fryxelliana Kaczmarska and
Ehrman, a new thalassiosiroid diatom (Bacillariophyta) from the
Lower Oligocene diatomites in Polish Flysch Carpathians, southeast Poland.
(With 23 figures and 2 tables) 217
Lundholm, N. & G. Rytter Hasle: Are Fragilariopsis cylindrus and
Fragilariopsis nana bipolar diatoms? - Morphological and molecular
analyses of two sympatric species. (With 27 figures and 3 tables) 231
Prasad, A.K.S.K. & J.A. Nienow: Transfer of the extant marine diatom
Pseudauliscus radiatus (Eupodiscaceae) to the forgotten genus
Mastodiscus Bailey and an emended generic description of Frycelliella.
(With 33 figures) 251
Steidinger, K.A., J.L. Wolny & A.J. Haywood: Identification of Kareniaceae
(Dinophyceae) in the Gulf of Mexico. (With 9 figures and 1 table) 269
From her Children
Fryxell, K.J.: The evolution of codon bias in the cyanobacteria. (With
5 figures and 2 tables) 285
Fryxell, J.E., A.L. Smith & L.A. Fernández: Geological research with
undergraduate students on the island of Dominica, Lesser Antilles - a
progress report. (With 3 figures and 2 tables) 305
Fryxell, G.E.: Water purification using functional nanomaterials:
sequestering toxic heavy metals. (With 8 figures) 317