Gabriela G. Hässel de Menendez; Marta F. Rubies:

Catalogue of Marchantiophyta and Anthocerotophyta of southern South America

Chile, Argentina and Uruguay, including Easter Is. (Pascua I.), Malvinas Is. (Falkland Is.), South Georgia Is., and the subantarctic South Shetland Is., South Sandwich Is., and South Orkney Is.

2009. 672 pages, 3 figures, 17x24cm, 1400 g
Language: English

(Nova Hedwigia, Beihefte, Beih. 134)

ISBN 978-3-443-51056-5, paperback, price: 189.00 €

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This Catalogue lists the hepatics and hornworts from Chile, Argentina and Uruguay, by their legitimate and illegitimate names, provided with information on type specimens, published figures, maps, bibliographic citations and localities. There are also Annotations on non legitimate and erroneous names. The Systematic list on the 748 accepted names of Marchantiophyta and 24 of Anthocerotophyta of the area is complemented with the synonyms and arranged in the most recent classifications. Large areas are still under-investigated as shown in the geographic lists of the taxa present in the countries and their provinces.

Review: Nova Hedwigia vol. 90/3-4 top ↑

This is an important contribution to bryology, and the late Gabriella Hässel de Menendez and Marta Rubies are to be complimented for all of the hard, careful, and detailed work that has gone into the production of this fine catalogue.

As the title suggests, the catalogue lists the hepatics and hornworts from Chile, Argentina and Uruguay. The area covered corresponds to "America 6" used by Van de Wijk, Margadant and Florschütz (1959–1969) in "Index Muscorum", and is the first catalogue to comprehensively cover southern South America. I have devoted many years to the study of the hepatics of southern South America, and I am able to attest, first-hand, to the difficulty of work in this region that results from a notably widely scattered literature. The assembly and synthesis of information on southern South American hepatics and hornworts and the dissemination of the product between one set of covers is a major contribution to bryological literature.

The treatment is organized into chapters as follows. LIST OF MARCHANTIOPHYTA NAMES AND TAXA AND LIST OF ANTHOCEROTOPHYTA NAMES AND TAXA. This is the main body of the catalogue and is comprised of an alphabetical list of over 2300 specific names of Marchantiophyta and a similar list of 49 specific names of Anthocerotophyta. The lists include legitimate, illegitimate and invalid names for taxa that have been citedin the literature for Chile, Argentina and Uruguay. Accepted names are in bold, and, if a name is incorrect (e.g., synonyms, which are indicated with italics), then either an accepted name is cross referenced to the right, or a number in brackets is provided that refers to a corresponding annotation where further information may be found (see below). Each legitimate name includes information on the type, published illustrations and maps, literature citations, and new locality data provided by the authors. Herbarium location is often also included. Information on the type follows the abbreviation "T", but the sorts of "types" (lectotype, syntype, isotype, etc.) are often used rather indiscriminately. For example, under Heteroscyphus divergenticiliatus (Steph.) Fulford, the term "lectotype" is used in the same phrase as "isotype", rather than a duplicate of a lectotype being an isolectotype. The terms "paralectotype" and "isoparalectotype" are sometimes used (e.g., under Lejeunea lepida Lindenb. & Gottsche and Lejeunea quinquembonata Spruce); these terms are not sanctioned by the ICBN and should not be used.

Locality information, either from the literature and then a reference is included, or from new data presented by the authors, is listed under the lead abbreviation for the paragraph, "(C)", which I found a bit confusing. On a number of occasions I had to stop and remind myself that "C" was for "Locality" rather than say, "L". Within the locality paragraph the data is listed by the country ("A" for Argentina and "C" for Chile) and coded with a number that is pinned to a particular province (no further locality data is provided). The provinces (with their relevant assigned number) are each tabulated in the "Geographic distribution of taxa" chapter, together with a list of species found in each of the provinces (see below).

ANNOTATIONS. The annotation section for Marchantiophyta is comprised of 683 entries that refer to hepatics. The section includes new combinations, new synonyms and new taxon validations. The section for Anthocerotophyta includes 21 entries.

SYSTEMATIC LISTS ON MARCHANTIOPHYTA AND ANTHOCEROTOPHYTA TAXA. The systematic section is comprised of a list of accepted names with their synonyms that is classified systematically into six classes of Marchantiophyta, with four subclasses, 26 orders, 56 families, 154 genera and 748 taxa. The Anthocerotophyta are organized into one class, four orders, four families, nine genera and 24 taxa. Chile has 553 accepted taxa of liverworts and 14 taxa of hornworts, while Argentina has 562 accepted taxa of liverworts and 15 of hornworts. The classification scheme presented in the catalogue is based in part upon morpho-molecular data proposed by a number of authors. The classification extends to the species level, and, in a few cases, down to the subspecies or varietal level. And, for each species, a code letter is included: "A", if the species is known for Argentina, and "C", for Chile. Synonyms are also included.

SYSTEMATIC AND TAXONOMIC CHANGES. This section is a concise, 1.5 page list of changes made in the catalogue. Three changes have been made at higher rank: suborder Acrobolbineae (E.A.Hodgs.) Hässel, suborder Adelanthineae (Jörg.) Hässel and suborder Plagiochilineae (Jörg.) Hässel. Also listed are new synonyms, new combinations, and new lectotypes; two names are validated. The section lists only the name of the taxon that has undergone change along with the corresponding number of the annotation where the formal change or statement is made.

GEOGRAPHIC LISTS OF TAXA. The section lists taxa, by the individual province, for Chile and Argentina and for Uruguay as a whole. At the terminus of each province list may be found the total number of recorded taxa for that province.

PATTERNS OF DISTRIBUTION. Various types of distribution patterns for southern South America liverworts and hornworts are presented; each category has a list of taxa that exhibit that pattern. It includes, interestingly, a list of 10 species under "Pampean", a subcategory of "Temperate South American".

The work is well organized and user friendly. The cross referencing of data is well thought out and I had no difficulty navigating the various components. Equally important is the high level of accuracy of the data presented. The catalogue should have a broad audience, from those interested in conservation and biodiversity, to plant ecologists, to the many components of the bryological community. The student of bryology will especially welcome this volume as a valuable component of a working library.

I have one criticism which I regard as notable, and that is the high cost of this catalogue. The cost is EUR 189 (US$ 264) for a publication comprised of 672 pages. The high cost of the Hässel de Menendez and Rubies catalogue surely will exclude from purchase a significant segment of the scientific community, particularly those from countries in Central and South America, as well as workers in New Zealand, Australia and South Africa, who would also find the volume useful.


Nova Hedwigia volume 90/3-4, p. 551-553

Table of Contents top ↑

Abstract 6
Resumen 6
Introduction 6
Acknowledgements 8
List of Marchantiophyta names and taxa 12
Annotations on Marchantiohyta names 427
List of Anthocerotophyta names and taxa 477
Annotations on Anthocerotophyta names 485
Systematic lists of Marchantiophyta and Anthocerotophyta taxa 487
Systematic and taxonomic changes 554
Geographic distribution of taxa 555
Patterns of distribution 579
References 588
Index 631

top ↑

This Catalogue lists the hepatics and hornworts from Chile, Argentina and Uruguay, by their legitimate and illegitimate names, and provides information on type specimens, published figures, maps, bibliographic citations and localities.