Bryophyte Systematics, Phytodiversity, Phytosociology and Ecology

Festschrift in honour of Professor Dr. Harald Kürschner

Ed.: Wolfgang Frey

2010. 333 pages, 85 figures, 36 tables, 9 plates, 17x24cm, 850 g
Language: English

(Nova Hedwigia, Beihefte, Beih. 138)

ISBN 978-3-443-51060-2, paperback, price: 139.00 €

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Bryophyte systematic phytosociology ecology Moosflora Kuerschneria


Synopsis top ↑

The 23 papers of this Nova Hedwigia Beiheft 138 span a broad range of topics in Systematics, phytodiversity, phytosociology and ecology of Bryophytes refl ecting the still continuing importance of Bryology. In the Systematic part (8 contributions), a new genus, Kuerschneria, and four new species are described as new to science. Two papers include molecular analyses (genera Oxystegus and Palustriella), one a morphometric analysis of the genus Gymnostomiella, and fi ve papers deal with classical morpho-anatomical systematic treatments (moss genus Forsstroemia and liverwort genera, Ceratolejeunea and Lejeunea). The Phytodiversity part (9 contributions) presents an impressive example for the recent ongoing worldwide survey on the diversity of bryophytes, ranging from Europe to South-West Asia, Macaronesia (Selvagens Islands), the Himalayan region, southern South America and to Île Amsterdam in the South Indian Ocean. These are contributions to different countries and regions (Greece, Montenegro, Turkey, Bhutan, Chile, Sino-Himalayan region), and to the oceanic islands Selvagens and Île Amsterdam.

The Phytosociology and Ecology part (5 papers) gives an impression of the phytosociological and ecological work in the Tropics (2 contributions, neotropical trunk-epiphytes), two concern vegetation units in Europe and one the ecology of genus Porella in Madeira. The volume is completed with a contribution on asexual reproduction (propagula types) in pleurocarpous mosses.

The papers have been written by colleagues, former scholars and friends of Professor Dr. Harald Kürschner, to honour his distinguished scientific and academic career and his outstanding contributions to the bryology of South-West Asia, the tropical rain forests and to Geobotany.

Review: Polish Botanical Journal 56 (1), 2011 top ↑

In 2010 the 60th birthday of Professor Harald Kürschner was celebrated. This German bryologist has been associated for nearly 30 years with the Institute of Biology of the Free University of Berlin, where he passed all the milestones of his academic career, from assistant in 1982 to the professorship to which he was appointed in 2006. His scientific interests span a broad range of topics in bryology and geobotany. The main regions of his activity are the Near East, Central Asia and Europe, including Macaronesia, but he has also worked and published accounts from tropical Asia (Borneo), Africa (Rwanda, Congo) and South America (Ecuador, Peru). Kürschner’s work covers a wide spectrum of scientific branches, from systematics through phytogeography and ecology (with special reference to the life strategies and ecomorphological adaptations of bryophytes) to phytosociology and geobotany. Although he is engaged primarily in the study of bryophytes, he is also an eminent expert on vascular plants, which he has dealt with in numerous publications. During the more than thirty years of his scientific career, Harald Kürschner has published about 240 research papers and has undertaken nearly 70 scientific research journeys. As befits the occasion of his 60th birthday, his colleagues, friends and disciples have completed a special volume dedicated to the celebrant in recognition of his huge contribution to bryology and plant science.

The Harald Kürschner Festschrift consists of 23 papers contributed by an international gallery of 45 authors from 16 European countries and the United States of America. They are arranged in four subject groups corresponding to the main research areas of Harald Kürschner, namely systematics (8 papers), phytodiversity (9), phytosociology (3) and bryophyte ecology (3). As is the custom with festschrifts, the volume begins with a biographical sketch of the celebrant written by his friend and collaborator of many years, Professor Wolfgang Frey, who also edited the book. This introductory tribute is illustrated with photographs from various scientific expeditions which are of no small historical value. In most festschrifts the person to whom are they dedicated serves as an eponym for newly described taxa, and that is the case here. Professor Kürschner’s name is immortalised in the generic name Kuerschneria Ochyra & Bednarek-Ochyra which was established for a Brazilian endemic species, K. laevigata (Herzog) Ochyra & Bednarek-Ochyra, of the family Sematophyllaceae, and in two African liverwort species of the Lejeuneaceae: Lejeunea kuerschneriana Pócs from Kenya and Ceratolejeunea kuerschneri Eb. Fisch. & Vanderpoorten from Gabon.

The papers presented in this volume should be of interest to bryologists working in various fields. In the section on systematics, five new species are described, including Oxystegus minor Köckinger, O. Werner & Ros from Europe, and a number of new synonyms have been proposed for exotic hepatics and mosses. Among the taxonomic accounts, the surveys of the genera Gymno stomiella M. Fleisch., Palustriella Ochyra and Oxystegus (Broth.) Hilp. in Europe should be of general interest. The first is based upon a morphometric analysis of the species concerned, and the other two papers include molecular analyses. The remaining systematic papers are classical studies based on morphological and anatomical features. They provide new country or continental records and offer a number of taxonomic and nomenclatural novelties. The change of name and generic placement of the well known Asian species Forsstroemia remotifolia (Broth.) Hedenäs & Zare (formerly Pseudoleskeella laxiramea (Schiffn.) Broth.) merits the special attention of students of the moss flora of the Near East.

The section on phytogeography consists of nine papers devoted to the bryodiversity of various regions of the globe, ranging from Europe (Greece, Montenegro, Turkey) and Macaronesia (Selvagens Islands) through Asia (India, Bhutan, Nepal, China) to southern South America (Isla Navarino in the Tierra del Fuego archipelago) and the very isolated and remote Île Amsterdam in the South Indian Ocean. They give many valuable and interesting records of taxa which often throw new light on the phytogeographical status of the species.

The phytosociological and ecological sections comprise two accounts of neotropical trunk epiphytes, a treatment of the bryophyte vegetation of the Pelagian Archipelago in the Sicily Channel, a description of a new aquatic moss association from France and an ecological study of the hepatic genus Porella L. in Madeira. The final article is a valuable and interesting contribution dealing with asexual reproduction by various types of propagule in common and widespread European moss species, including Abietinella abietina (Hedw.) M. Fleisch., Pleurozium schreberi (Brid.) Mitt., Pseudoscleropodium purum (Hedw.) Broth. and Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus (Hedw.) Warnst. It is generally overlooked that these species propagate mainly through clonal reproduction by more or less specialized propagules, including brood branches or branchlets, caducous shoot apices and caducous leaves.

Harald Kürschner deserves special recognition for his distinguished scholarship and outstanding contributions to bryology and geobotany, and the present collection of papers honoring his scientific and academic career is the best gift he could receive from his friends and disciples on the occasion of his 60th birthday. The book’s pleasing appearance, perspicuous editorial style and elegant printing, coupled with its high scientific standard, make it a highly absorbing work.

Ryszard OCHYRA

Polish Botanical Journal 56 (1), 2011

Bespr.: Herzogia 24 (2), 2011 top ↑

Der vorliegende Sonderband der Nova Hedwigia wurde in Würdigung von Harald Kürschner aus Anlass seines 60. Geburtstages herausgegeben. Der Band enthält insgesamt 23 Originalarbeiten zu bryologischen Themen. Die Arbeiten wurden von Freunden, früheren Schülern und Kollegen von Harald Kürschner in Würdigung seiner besonderen Verdienste um die Moosflora Südwest-Asiens, der Tropen, der Moossoziologie und der Geobotanik verfasst.

Den Anfang des Bandes bildet eine von W. Frey geschriebene Würdigung der Leistungen von Harald Kürschner, die auch ein komplettes Publikationsverzeichnis des Jubilars enthält.

Die darauf folgenden Originalarbeiten sind zu Themenkomplexen zusammengestellt. Die Rubrik Systematik enthält acht Beiträge. Die neue Gattung Kuerschneria wird zu Ehren des Jubilars beschrieben (Ochyra & Bednarek-Ochyra). Eine als Rhacocarpus laevigatus aus Brasilien beschriebene und nur von zwei Fundorten bekannte Art wird als neue Gattung innerhalb der Sematophyllaceae gestellt. Weitere Neubeschreibungen zu Ehren von Harald Kürschner umfassen Ceratolejeunea kuerschneri sp.nov. aus Gabun (Fischer & Vanderpoorten) und Lejeunea kuerschneriana aus Kenia (Pócs). Für den in Mitteleuropa arbeitenden Bryologen sind besonders die Arbeiten von Köckinger et al. und Hedenäs interessant. Köckinger et al. berichten über anhand von molekularen Daten gewonnenen neuen Erkenntnissen zur Taxonomie von Oxystegus in Europa. Ein Bestimmungsschlüssel für die fünf in Europa vorkommenden Arten wird präsentiert. Die neue Art Oxystegus minor wird beschrieben. O. hibernicus und O. recurvifolius kommen in Europa nur auf den Britischen Inseln vor. O. daldinianus und O. minor werden auch aus den Alpen (Österreich, Schweiz) angegeben und eine weitere Verbreitung wird vermutet. Im Beitrag von L. Hedenäs wird die erst vor kurzem aus der Schweiz neu beschriebene Palustriella pluristratosa M.Stech & J.-P. Frahm mit P. falcata synonymisiert. Weitere Beiträge der Rubrik Systematik beschäftigen sich mit Forsstroemia remotifolia (Hedenäs & Zare), Gymnostomiella (Gonzalez-Mancebo et al.), neuen oder wenig bekannten Lejeunea-Arten des tropischen Afrikas (Pócs) und Lejeunea subgenus Nanolejeunea (Reiner-Drehwald).

Der folgende Teilkomplex von Artikeln steht unter der Überschrift „Phytodiversity“ und umfasst 9 Artikel, die geographisch fast alle Regionen der Erde abdecken. Blockeel berichtet über neue und interessante Moosfunde aus Griechenland, Papp & Erzberger behandeln die Moosflora eines Nationalparks in Montenegro, und Sim-Sim et al. bearbeiten die Bryophytenflora der südöstlich von Madeira gelegenen, stark durch Meerwasser beeinflussten, kleinen Selvagens-Inseln und ziehen bryogeographische Vergleiche mit Madeira und den Kanarischen Inseln. Zwei Beiträge beschäftigen sich mit Orthotrichaceae in der Türkei. Lara et al. berichten über die Ergebnisse der Bearbeitung von Material dieser Familie aus der NO-Türkei, darunter befinden sich 11 neue Arten für die Türkei, Erdağ & Kırmacı melden Zygodon forsteri erstmals aus der Türkei. Weitere Arbeiten der Rubrik behandeln die Familie Gymnomitriaceae in China und im Himalaya (Váňa & Long), Pottiaceae aus Bhutan (Sollman), die Moose der Isla Navarino in Südchile (Buck & Goffinet) sowie die Neufunde von Kurzia setiformis und Anastrophyllum involutifolium auf der subantarktischen Île Amsterdam (Váňa et al.).

Der Abschnitt Phytosoziologie umfasst drei Arbeiten. Sie beschäftigen sich mit Stammepiphyten- Gemeinschaften in der Neotropis (Parolly & Zippel), den Moosgesellschaften der vor Sizilien gelegenen Linosa-Insel (Puglisi) und der neuen Gesellschaft Fissidento adianthoidis-Dichelymetum capillacei aus SW-Frankreich (Hugonnot).

Den Band beschließen drei Arbeiten zur Ökologie der Moose. Fontinha et al. beschäftigen sich mit der Abhängigkeit von Morphologie und Ökologie bei Arten der Gattung Porella auf Madeira. Gradstein & Sporn analysieren Auswirkungen des Landnutzungswandels auf die epiphytische Bryophytendiversität in den Tropen. Fritz et al. untersuchen unter morphologischen Gesichtspunkten die vegetative Ausbreitung durch Bruchsprosse bei sechs diözischen pleurokarpen Moosen.

Alles in allem kann der Band als sehr gelungen eingeschätzt werden. Das Themenspektrum der im Band enthaltenen Arbeiten ist sehr breit, so dass für jeden Bryologen etwas Interessantes dabei sein dürfte. Der Preis des Bandes ist vergleichsweise hoch, so dass speziell Privatpersonen vom Kauf eventuell abgeschreckt werden.

Frank Müller (Dresden)

Herzogia 24 (2), 2011, p. 401-402

Table of Contents top ↑

Frey, W.: A tribute to Harald Kürschner (With 10 figures) 9
Ochyra, R. & H. Bednarek-Ochyra: Kuerschneria, a new pleurocarpous
moss genus from Brazil (With 1 figure) 25
Köckinger, H., O. Werner & R. M. Ros: A new taxonomic approach to the
genus Oxystegus (Pottiaceae, Bryophyta) in Europe based on molecular
data (With 2 figures and 1 appendix) 31
Hedenäs, L.: ITS distinguishes Palustriella falcata from P. commutata
and P. decipiens, but not from P. pluristratosa (Amblystegiaceae,
Bryophyta) (With 3 figures and 2 tables) 51
Hedenäs, L. & H. Zare: The Euxinian-Hyrcanian endemic species
Forsstroemia remotifolia (Lindb. ex Broth.) Hedenäs & Zare,
comb. nov. (Neckeraceae, Bryophyta) (With 1 figure and 1 table) 61
González-Mancebo, J. M., J. Patiño, A. Rodríguez-Romero, O. Werner &
R. M. Ros: Gymnostomiella (Pottiaceae, Bryophyta) revisited: new
insights revealed by a morphometric analysis (With 4 figures, 3 tables
and 1 appendix) 69
Fischer, E. & A. Vanderpoorten: New records for the liverwort flora of
Gabon, with a description of Ceratolejeunea kuerschneri,
sp. nov. (Lejeuneaceae, Jungermanniopsida) (With 6 figures) 85
Pócs, T.: On some new or less known Lejeunea (Lejeuneaceae,
Jungermanniopsida) species in tropical Africa. East African
Bryophytes, XXVII (With 9 plates) 99
Reiner-Drehwald, M. E.: On Lejeunea subgenus Nanolejeunea
(Lejeuneaceae, Jungermanniopsida) (With 4 figures) 117
Blockeel, T. L.: The bryophytes of Greece: new records and
observations, 2 (With 2 figures) 129
Papp, B. & P. Erzberger: Contributions to the bryophyte flora of
Durmitor National Park, Montenegro (With 1 figure) 147
Lara, F., V. Mazimpaka, R. Medina, R. Caparrós & R. Garilleti :
Northeastern Turkey, an unnoticed but very important area for the
Orthotrichaceae (Bryophyta) (With 17 figures and 1 appendix) 165
Erdağ, A. & M. Kırmacı: Zygodon forsteri (Orthotrichaceae, Bryophyta),
a new record to the bryophyte flora of Turkey and SW Asia (With 2
figures) 181
Sim-Sim, M., S. Fontinha, L. Luís, C. Lobo & M. Stech: The Selvagens
Islands bryoflora and its relation with islands of the Madeira and
Canary Islands Archipelagos (With 4 figures and 2 tables) 187
Váňa, J. & D. G. Long: Gymnomitriaceae (Jungermanniopsida) of the
Sino-Himalayan region 201
Sollman, P.: Several pottiaceous mosses reported new for Bhutan 207
Buck, W. R. & B. Goffinet: Preliminary key to the mosses of Isla
Navarino, Chile (Prov. Antártica Chilena) (With 6 figures) 215
Váňa, J., M. Lebouvier, R. Ochyra, H. Bednarek-Ochyra & B. Cykowska:
Two noteworthy records of hepatics from Île Amsterdam in the South
Indian Ocean (With 4 figures) 231
Parolly, G. & E. Zippel: Phytogeographical composition of neotropical
trunk-epiphytic bryophyte communities. Ecosociological studies in
Ecuadorian bryophyte communities, VII. (With 3 figures, 1 table and 1
appendix) 243
Puglisi, M.: Contribution to the bryophyte vegetation of the Pelagian
Archipelago: the Island of Linosa (Sicily Channel, Italy) (With 1
figure, 20 tables, and 2 appendices) 259
Hugonnot, V.: The Fissidento adianthoidis-Dichelymetum capillacei
ass. nov. in the Leyre valley (Gironde, south-western France) (With 3
figures, 1 table and 1 appendix) 285
Fontinha, S., M. Sim-Sim & C. Sérgio: The genus Porella (Porellaceae,
Marchantiophyta) in Madeira Archipelago: ecological and morphological
approaches (With 4 figures, 3 tables and 1 appendix) 297
Gradstein, S. R. & S. G. Sporn: Land-use change and epiphytic
bryophyte diversity in the Tropics (With 4 figures and 4 photographs)
Fritz, S., K. Lieske & W. Frey: Vegetative (asexual) reproduction by
propagules in six dioicous pleurocarpous mosses. A morphological study
(With 3 figures and 3 tables) 325