Lichens, bryophytes and air quality

Ed.: Thomas H. Nash III; Volkmar Wirth

1988. 297 pages, 14x22cm, 650 g
Language: English

(Bibliotheca Lichenologica, Band 30)

ISBN 978-3-443-58009-4, bound, price: 46.00 €

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Content Description top ↑

Bryologists and lichenologists are well aware of the differential sensitivity of bryophytes and lichens to air pollutants. However, governmental agencies and other scientists have not used the wealth of information to the fullest extent. It is hoped that this volume will help bridge the gap between the professional bryologist and lichenologist on the one hand and those who are concerned with assessing biological aspects of air quality issues on the other. In addition, the book will provide a useful reference for anyone embarking on a research project in this area and provides a modern synthesis for those who are already working in the field.

Accordingly the book is roughly organized into four parts. (1) The first two chapters provide background information for those who are not familiar with lichensand bryophytes. (2) Chapters 3-6 emphasize field studies and are arranged approximately in an order of increasing quantitative complexity. (3) Chapters 7-10 provide considerable physiological information derived from laboratory studies that are necessary to establish that lichens and mosses do actually respond to air pollutants. This section also discusses ways by which field and laboratory studies may be integrated to establish a stronger case for establishing that lichens and bryophytes are sensitive to air pollutants. (4) The last two chapters provide specific ways by which governmental agencies may usefully apply information gained from lichen and bryophyte studies. Thus the book is concerned with both air quality effects on lichens and mosses and the way by which air quality may be assessed by studying lichens and mosses.

The origin of this book stems from a symposium on "Assessing air quality with lichens and bryophytes", that was jointly sponsored by the U.S. National Park Service and the American Institute of Biological Science meetings held in August, 1983, at Grand Forks, North Dakota, USA. Most of the original authors expanded their contributions considerably beyond the scope of their original talks. Some of the papers are contributions from new authors.

Contents top ↑

List of Contributors 9

1 Nash III, T.H. & Egan, R.S.:
The Biology of Lichens and Bryophytes 11
2 Slack, N.G.:
The Ecological Importance of Lichens and Bryophytes 23
3 Wetmore, C.M.:
Lichen Floristics and Air Quality 55
4 Showman, R.E.:
Mapping Air Quality with Lichens, the North American
Experience 67
5 Wirth, V.
Phytosociological Approaches to Air Pollution Monitoring
with Lichens 91
6 Will-Wolf, S.:
Quantitative Approaches to Air Quality Studies 109
7 Winner, W.E.:
Responses of Bryophytes to Air Pollution 141
8 Fields, R.F.:
Physiological Responses of Lichens to Air Pollutant
Fumigations 175
9 Nash III, T.H.:
Correlating Fumigation Studies with Field Effects 201
10 Winner, W.E., Atkinson, C.J. & Nash lil, T.H.:
Comparisons of SO2 Absorption Capacities of Mosses,
Lichens, and Vascular Plants in Diverse Habitats 217
11 Puckett, K.J.: Bryophytes and Lichens as Monitors of Metal
Deposition 231
12 Sigal, L.L.: The Relationship of Lichen and Bryophyte Research to
Regulatory Decisions in the United States 269
Index 289