Contributions to Lichenology

Festschrift in Honour of Hannes Hertel

Ed.: Peter Döbbeler; Gerhard Rambold

2004. VII, 739 pages, 181 figures, 28 tables, 15x23cm, 1180 g
Language: English

(Bibliotheca Lichenologica, Band 88)

ISBN 978-3-443-58067-4, bound, price: 148.00 €

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Synopsis top ↑

The contributions to this Festschrift mirror current lichenological problems and progress, methods and fields of enquiry. Sophisticated techniques may give exciting results and sometimes solve long-standing questions. However, and this is evident in most articles, much basic research, such as collecting, still remains to be done, expecially of inconspicuous and therefore "unattractive" crustose lichen species. Only very few parts of the world presently have a somewhat complete inventory of their lichen diversity - a prerequisite of all further students.

Rev.: Folia Geobotanica vol. 39 issue 3, 2004 top ↑

The "Festschrift" tradition of dedicating volumes for the birthdays or anniversaries of respected lichenologists is well known and quite a few volumes have been published in the series Bibliotheca Lichenologica until now. Hannes Hertel is an eminent taxonomist, whose scientific career at the Botanische Staatssammlung München was focused on lecideoid lichens. This volume containing 44 lichenological contributions (in total, 79 authors from 19 different countries) is dedicated to him for his 65th birthday.

This extensive volume (over 700 pp.) covers the broad field of lichenology, above all taxonomy mirroring the present progress in this discipline (use of new approaches and techniques, e.g. molecular analysis), and the evaluation of morphology and ontogeny, analyses of partner interactions in lichen associations, chemical and physiological investigations as well as biogeographical studies. Many new taxa are described, among them also taxa named in honor of H.H. (genus Hertelidea, Stereocaulaceae and 7 species). Taxonomical studies of various groups of lichens are well represented in the volume, e.g. Miriquidica (M.P. Andreev), Pannariaceae (P.M. Jørgensen), Heterodermia (R. Moberg) and Lobaria (H. Sipman). R. Lücking's revised key to foliicolous Porinaceae comprising 146 species is an important contribution. Also floristic contributions increase our knowledge on lichen flora from various parts of the world (e.g. Antarctica, New Zealand, South Africa, Soqotra I. and Tibet). K. Kalb published a number of new taxa and also otherwise interesting lichens. An analysis of the lichen flora of Tyrrhenian Italy (P.L. Nimis and M. Tretiach) and a review of species diversity in Antarctica (L. Kappen) are summaries of our knowledge to date and are valuable for the study of lichen biogeography in general. A study on the change in diversity of soil lichens along a climate gradient in Southern Africa by L. Zedda and G. Rambold is an important contribution to lichen ecology (relation to a rain system in particular) and for studying the use of lichens to indicate environmental changes. Another contribution on ecology (M.R.D. Seaward and B.J. Coppins) demonstrates how hypertrophication affects distribution of selected lichens in Britain. The study of regeneration and the repair of injuries in Nephroma arcticum and Peltigera aphthosa (S. Ott et al.), where the role of various tissues is examined, is interesting. Sexual reproduction and life strategy of Cladonia rangiferina are discussed in a contribution by H.M. Jahns et al. Lichen physiology is presented in a study of photosynthetic performance of the squamulose soil-crust of Squamarina lentigera by O.L. Lange and T.G.A. Green.

Papers evaluating traditional approaches to the classification of lichenized fungi are interesting. Ch. Kanz and G. Rambold investigate the phylogenetic position of the lichen genus Protoblastenia and the concepts of selected species using cladistic analyses of DNA sequences. Results are largely concordant with the traditional species concept of the genus and supported most of morphospecies. In another paper, H.T. Lumbsch uses 18 published studies using morphological and chemical characters for phylogenetic reconstruction and evaluates the amount of homoplasy in different characters. The results confirm that available information should be used in phylogenetic estimates, but taxonomic significance of characters in a taxon should be evaluated a posteriori in each group.

Use of experiment is not the traditional approach in lichenology because there are various problems originating from the slow growth of almost all lichens in natural habitats as well as from difficult cultivation under artificial conditions. M.T. Adler et al. use isolated fungus and compare morphology and growth of fungal colonies cultured from spores and thallus with those produced by natural lichen thalli. Mycobionts grown from its symbiotic thallus develop better than those isolated from spores. E. Stocker-Wörgötter and J.A. Elix demonstrate that specific culture conditions, determined compositions of the nutrient media and cell differentiation of the mycobiont in culture influence the induction of two independent specific metabolic pathways and formation of typical lichen substances. However, this fact is found only in the spore-derived cultures, while the thallus fragment cultures form metabolites of one pathway only. So, the findings of the above-mentioned papers are not mutually coincidental. Nevertheless, recent advances in cultural techniques enable further use of experiments that may answer some questions about the nature of symbiosis and individual partners.

Jiøí Liska

Folia Geobotanica vol. 39 issue 3, 2004

Rev.: PERSOONIA - Vol. 18, Part 4, 2005 top ↑

This Festschrift contains 44 lichenological contributions and is published on the occasion of Hertel's 65th birthday. The 79 contributing authors represent 19 different countries.

Lecidiaceae sensu lato are well represented in this book, which covers a vast array of lichens of different sytematic position, growth form, ecological characters and distribution. Various aspects of lichenology are dealt with in this book: anatomical and ontogenetic studies, chemical, physiological and molecular research, analyses of the structure and mechanisms of lichen photobionts, systematic studies, biogeographical studies. The contributions to this Festschrift show the current lichenological problems and progress, but still a lot is unknown of certain groups of lichens, especially the more inconspicuous ones. Only a limited part of the world has been inventoried more or less completely, and also numerous specimens are in the Botanische Staatssammlung München (where Hertel was curator) are still waiting for investigation.

This book is recommended for all students in lichenology and is a must for all the libraries who want to keep informed on modern lichenological research.

M. M. Nauta

PERSOONIA - Vol. 18, Part 4, 2005

Contents top ↑

Preface III
THELL, A.: Culture experiments and DNA-verification of a mycobiont
isolated from Punctelia subpraesignis (Parmeliaceae, lichenized
Ascomycotina) 1
AHTI, T. & UPRETI, D. K.: Two new species of Cladonia (Lecanorales)
from the Himalayas 9
ANDREEV, M. P.: Notes on the lichen genus Miriquidica (Lecanorales,
Lecanoraceae) in Russia 15
BRODO, I. M.: A new saxicolous Porina (Ascomycota, Porinaceae) from
maritime rocks of Haida Gwaii (Queen Charlotte Islands), British
Columbia, Canada 43
BUNGARTZ, F. & NASH III, T. H.: Buellia subalbula (Nyl.)
Müll. Arg. and B. amabilis de Lesd., two species from North America
with one-septate ascospores: A comparison with Buellia [.Diplotomma.]
venusta (Körb.) Lettau 49
CALATAYUD, V., BARRENO, E. & RICO, V. J.: Two lichenicolous species of
Arthonia on vagrant Aspicilia species 67
CLERC, P.: Notes on the genus Usnea Adanson. II 79
DÖBBELER, P. & FEUERER, T.: Stenocybe nitida (Mycocaliciales), an
unusual ascomycete on Plagiochila punctata 91
ELIX, J. A., TØNSBERG, T. & WARDLAW, J. H.: The structure of friesiic
acid, a novel lichen substance from Hypocenomyce friesii 103
FARKAS, E.: Recent additions to the knowledge of the foliicolous
lichen flora of South Africa 111
FRYDAY, A. M.: New species and records of lichenized fungi from
Campbell Island and the Auckland Islands, New Zealand 127
GALLOWAY, D. J.: Placopsis hertelii (Agyriaceae, Ascomycota) endemic
to New Zealand, with descriptions of four additional new species of
Placopsis (Nyl.) Linds., from New Zealand 147
GRUBE, U., MAYRHOFER, H. & ELIX, J. A.: Two new Buellia species
(Physciaceae, Lecanorales) with red pigments from Australia 163
HAFELLNER, J.: A further evolutionary lineage to lichenicolous growth
in Physciaceae (Lecanorales) 175
HAWKSWORTH, D. L., ATIENZA, V. & COLE, M. S.: Lichenicolous species of
Homostegia (Dothideomycetes), with the description of H. hertelii
sp. nov., a new fungus on Flavoparmelia species 187
HENSSEN, A.: Hertella neozelandica and Zahlbrucknerella compacta
(Ascomycotina), two new cyanophilic lichens from the Southern
Hemisphere 195
HONEGGER, R.: Fine structure of the interaction of Leprocaulon
microscopicum with its green algal photobiont, Dictyochloropsis
symbiontica 201
HUNECK, S., LUMBSCH, H. T., PORZEL, A. & SCHMIDT, J.: Die Verteilung
von Flechteninhaltsstoffen in Lecanora muralis und Lecidea inops und
die Abhängigkeit der Usninsäure-Konzentration vom Substrat und von den
Jahreszeiten bei Lecanora muralis 211
JAHNS, H. M., HARDT, K. & OTT, S.: Sexual reproduction and
growth-pattern in Cladonia rangiferina 223
JØRGENSEN, P. M.: Further contributions to the Pannariaceae
(lichenized Ascomycetes) of the Southern Hemisphere 229
KÄRNEFELT, I. & KONDRATYUK, S. Y.: Contributions to the lichen genus
Caloplaca (Teloschistaceae) from Australia 255
KAINZ, C. & RAMBOLD, G.: A phylogenetic study of the lichen genus
Protoblastenia (Lecanorales, Psoraceae) in Central Europe 267
KALB, K.: New or otherwise interesting lichens II 301
KAPPEN, L.: The diversity of lichens in Antarctica, a review and
comments 331
KNOPH, J.-G.: Cornutispora herteliana, a new lichenicolous coelomycete
from Japan 345
of Xanthoria (Teloschistaceae) from Southern Africa 349
LANGE, O. L. & GREEN, T. G. A.: Photosynthetic performance of the
squamulose soilcrust lichen Squamarina lentigera: laboratory
measurements and long-term monitoring of CO2 exchange in the field 363
LEUCKERT, C., WIRTH, V., KÜMMERLING, H. & HEKLAU, M.: Chemical lichen
analyses XIV . Lepraria nivalis J. R. Laundon and Lepraria flavescens
Cl. Roux & Tønsberg 393
LÜCKING, R.: A revised key to foliicolous Porinaceae (Ascomycota:
Trichotheliales) 409
LUMBSCH, H. T.: Comparison of homoplasy supports that characters have
no a priori value in phylogenetic analyses of lichenized ascomycetes
MIES, B. A. & SCHULTZ, M.: New and interesting lichen records from
Soqotra Island (Yemen, Indian Ocean) 433
MOBERG, R.: The lichen genus Heterodermia in Europe and the
Macaronesian Islands 453
NIMIS, P. L. & TRETIACH, M.: Delimiting Tyrrhenian Italy: A lichen
foray in the SW part of the peninsula 465
OBERMAYER, W.: Additions to the lichen flora of the Tibetan region 479
OTT, S., ETGES, S., ROGGE, E. & JAHNS, H. M.: Regeneration and
determination in the peltigeralean lichens Nephroma arcticum and
Peltigera aphthosa 527
PRINTZEN, C. & KANTVILAS, G.: Hertelidea, genus novum
Stereocaulacearum (Ascomycetes lichenisati) 539
SCHULTZ, M.: Pterygiopsis pulchra, a remarkable new species of the
Lichinaceae from south-eastern Yemen 555
SEAWARD, M. R. D. & COPPINS, B. J.: Lichens and hypertrophication 561
SIPMAN, H.: The species of Lobaria (lichenized Ascomycetes) in New Guinea 573
SØCHTING, U., ØVSTEDAL, D. O. & SANCHO, L. G.: The lichens of Hurd
Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetlands, Antarctica 607
STOCKER-WÖRGÖTTER, E. & ELIX, J. A.: Experimental studies of
lichenized fungi: formation of rare depsides and dibenzofurans by the
cultured mycobiont of Bunodophoron patagonicum (Sphaerophoraceae,
lichenized Ascomycota) 659
exsiccatal series in cryptogamic botany and mycology as reflected by
the web-accessible database of exsiccatae .IndExs . Index of
Exsiccatae. 671
TÜRK, R. & UHL, A.: Die Verbreitung und Ökologie einiger ausgewählter
Arten der Gattung Lecidea und von Tremolecia atrata in Österreich 691
ZEDDA, L. & RAMBOLD, G.: Diversity change of soil-growing lichens
along a climate gradient in Southern Africa 701
Index of taxa 717