Inhaltsbeschreibung top ↑
Many Chinese people are very familiar with Ganoderma lucidum, which is
called "Lingzhi" in Chinese and long considered an emblem of good
fortune and prosperity, and about which there are many myths. It is
well known that the family Ganodermataceae represents a large, diverse
complex of fungi. Many species are wood-rotting, a few are pathogenic
on economically important trees and some are valuable in medicine.
Furthermore, its taxonomy is very interesting and attracting many
mycologists to study the family. Since the taxa of the family are
numerous, the present author has devoted about 20 years to studying
this family. In 1979 he and his colleagues published their first paper
"Taxonomic studies on the subfamily Ganodermatoideae of China". Their
book Ganodermatoideae of China was published in 1981. Subsequently
ten papers were published from 1983 to 1989. Along with the rapid
worldwide development in research on this family, great progress has
been made on the taxonomy of the family, including revision of many
species published in the past. For this reason, the author decided to
write this article, to smmnarize knowledge of the Chinese taxa, and to
introduce them to the world.
Eighty-six species are included, belonging to 4 genera (Ganoderma, Amauroderma, Haddowia and Humphreya). Surely they represent chiefly the more common species of China. But judged from the vast territory of China, many more species are yet to be found. Every species reported is based on actual specimens and every collection has been critically examined from the whole country, especially from southern China and Hainan Province. In making determinations, every published account of the related species at the author's disposal has been consulted.
This article will be a useful reference for mycological taxonomists, teachers and students of agricultural, forestry and medical colleges and universities, and other related students and workers.