cover

Larissa Vasilyeva:

Systematics in Mycology

1999. 1. edition, 253 pages, 8 figures, 5 tables, 14x22cm, 510 g
Language: English

(Bibliotheca Mycologica, Band 178)

ISBN 978-3-443-59080-2, paperback, price: 61.00 €

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Keywords

MykologieSystematikMonophylieParaphylieEvolutiongenetischmycologysystematicsmonophylyparaphylyevolutiongenetic

Contents

Content Description top ↑

The present work deals with systematics in mycology. The various chapters show evolutionary systematics, phylogenetic systematics, classification typology and numerical systematics.

Table of contents top ↑

CONTENTS
Preface to revised English version 1
Introduction 4
Part I. Evolutionary systematics 7
Chapter 1. Opposition of characters 8
A. Morphological versus functional characters 9
B. Other characters 14
Chapter 2. Opposition of concepts 19
A. Komarov's and Vavilov's "schools" 20
B. Genetic concept 23
C. Evolutionary species 27
D. "Biological" versus "typological" concepts 30
Chapter 3. .Genealogical model of evolution 33
A. Gap concept 35
B. Higher taxa 39
C. Categories 43
Chapter 4. Hierarchical model of evolution 48
A. Genesis of hierarchy 48
B. Reality of higher taxa 53
C. Properties of the Natural System 57
Chapter 5. Comparison of evolutionary models 61
A. Two meanings of notions 61
B. Evolution and classification 72
Part II. Phylogenetic systematics 76
Chapter 6. Phylogenetic hypotheses 77
A. Previous attempts 79
B. Recent attempts 86
Chapter 7. Cladistic hypotheses 92
A. At species level 92
B. At genus level 98
C. Molecular studies 105
Chapter 8. Cladistic ideas 113
A. Uncertain variation and directed evolution 114
B. Radiating pattern of evolution 118
C. Sister groups 122
D. Monophyly and paraphyly 126
Part III Classificatory typology 131
Chapter 9. Character value 132
A. Character concept 133
B. Attempts at character weighting 135
C. Character hierarchy 142
Chapter 10. Creation and verification 147
A. Single character and a character set 147
B. Unification and delimitation 153
C. "Synthesis" and"analysis" 157
Chapter 11. Rank coordination 164
A. Peculiarities of the method 164
B. Aposteriori weighting in practice 167
Chapter 12. Hierarchical type 185
A. Attempts at type presentation 186
B. Peculiarities of hierarchical type 190
C. Typology and essentialism 199
Part IV. Numerical systematics 207
Chapter 13. Numerical contributions 209
A. Failures 209
B. Merits 217
Conclusion 222
References 229