cover

H.U. Ling; Peter A. Tyler:

Australian Freshwater Algae (exclusive of diatoms).

Urban Water Research Assoc. of Australia, Project No. 93/109

2000. XII, 643 pages, 159 plates, 1 figure, 14x22cm, 1150 g
Language: English

(Bibliotheca Phycologica, Band 105)

ISBN 978-3-443-60032-7, paperback, price: 98.00 €

out of print

BibTeX file

Keywords

AustraliafreshwateralgaediatomscontinentcamouflageAustralienSüßwasserAlgeDiatomeeKontinentTarnung

Contents

Content Description top ↑

The genesis of this book lay in uranium mining, its continuation and completion in government or quasi-government agencies to do with the water supply of a nation. Freshwater algae have not fared well in the competition for taxonomic attention in the world's driest inhabited continent. About 25 years ago proposals to mine uranium at a number of sites in the catchment of the South Alligator River in tropical Australia led to the establishment of a Commission of Enquiry by the Australian Government. The region, adjacent to the large aboriginal territory of Arnhem Land, was sparsely inhabited and poorly studied. It is now a World Heritage Area and the natural bounty that makes it so was recognised then by the Commission of Enquiry. The report to government of that commission recommended a wide-ranging environmental and biological survey before mining commenced and the development of an ongoing monitoring programme to detect any deleterious effects of mining on a valued environment.

Rev.: Acta Botanica Hungarica 43 (1-2) 2001, p. 222-223 top ↑

This volume of the Bibliotheca Phycologica is an exception in some respect. May be it is the largest book of the series and it is the first discussing the freshwater algal flora of a continent (exclusive of diatoms). Why can be interesting the algae from a remote continent of the Southern Hemisphere in Europe? The authors give us two aspects of the answer: "In most identifications have been made by reference to European or North American algalfloras, a procedure enabled by the putative cosmopolitanism of freshwater algae. It is possible that even gentle force fitting of Australian algae to European or American nomenclature may camouflage the true extent of endemism in the Australian freshwater algal flora."

The main chapter of the book shows all freshwater algal taxa found (published) from Australia. There are no keys ("Dichotomous keys are not provided because it is anticipated that, for most users, the abundant illustrations will be the entry point for identification.") and usually no a brief characterisation of genera. All taxa found have a short morphological description, or notes about their dimension and distribution (like South Australia, Tasmania, etc.). It is regrettable there is no information about the occurrence, habitat-type of taxa. In the plates the algae are shown by one or several drawings.

Several new species are described in the book by one of the authors, by Ling (Strombomonas concertina, Schizochlamys tetradiformis, Xanthidium cordatum, X. reniiforme, Staurastrum cyclops and S. unguiculatum). To have an overview about the Australian freshwater algal flora we summarised the main taxonomic groups and the species rich genera in a table below (more than 10 species in a genus). We are sure; continuing the algal studies in Australia much more taxa will be published from this continent and we hope the diatom flora will be added in the next volume.

Number of taxa Cyanobacteria 42 Chroococcales Chroococcus (11) Chama es iphonales 2 Nostocales 25 Anabaena (14) Oscillatoriales 35 Oscillatoria (16) Stigonematales 2 Rhodophyta 2 Heterokonthophyla Chrysophyceae 21 Xanthophyceae 10 Raphidophyceae 2 Cryptophyta 4 Glaucophyla 4 Dinophyta 36 Peridinium (18) Euglenophyta 51 Phacus (10) Trachelomonas (16) Chlorophyta Prasinophyceae 1 Chlorophyceae 114 Chlorococcales (11) Pediastrum (10) Oocystis (29) Scenedesmus Chlamydomonadales 3 Volvocales 6 Gloeotilales 2 Sphaeropleales 1 Chaetophorales 4 Oedogoniales 3 Zygnematophyceae 509 Closterium (55) Pleurotoenium (30) Actinotuenium (10) Cosmarium (69) Euastrum (40) Micrasterias (38) Xanthidium (23) Staurastrum (118) Staurodesmus (55)

I recommend this very useful book for all phycologists, algologists working on freshwater algae all over the world.

K. T. KISS

Acta Botanica Hungarica 43 (1-2) 2001, p. 222-223

Contents top ↑

Introduction 1
Methods 9
Division CYANOPHYTA (CYANOBACTERIA) 11
Class CYANOPHYCEAE 11
Order CHROOCOCCALES 11
Family CHROOCOCCACEAE 11
Aphanocapsa 11
Aphanothece 12
Chroococcus 13
Coelosphaerium 15
Cyanothece 16
Dactylococcopsis 16
Gloeocapsa 16
Gomphosphaeria 17
Merismopedia 18
Microcystis 19
Rhabdoderma 21
Synechocystis 21
Order CHAMAESIPHONALES 21
Family CHAMAESIPHONACEAE 21
Chamaesiphon 2 1
Family PLEUROCAPSACEAE 22
Pleurocapsa 22
Order NOSTOCALES 22
Family NOSTOCACEAE 22
Anabaena 22
Anabaenopsis 26
Aphanizomenon 27
Cylindrospermopsis 28
Cylindrospermum 28
Nodularia 28
Nostoc 29
Order OSCILLATORIALES 30
Family PSEUDANABAENACEAE 30
Pseudanabaena 30
Family PHORMIDIACEAE 31
Arthrospira 31
Planktothrix 32
Trichodesmium 32
Family OSCILLATORIACEAE 33
Spirulina 33
Oscillatoria 34
Lyngbya 38
Family RIVULARIACEAE 40
Calothrix 40
Gloeotrichia 40
Family SCYTONEMATACEAE 40
Tolypothrix 40
Order STIGONEMATALES 41
Family STIGONEMATACEAE 41
Stigonema 41
Division RHODOPHYTA 42
Class FLORIDEOPHYCEAE 42
Order NEMALIONALES 42
Family BATRACHOSPERMACEAE 42
Batrachospermum 42
Class BANGIOPHYCEAE 43
Order PORPHYRIDIALES 43
Family PORPHYRIDIACEAE 43
Chroothece 43
Division HETEROKONTOPHYTA 44
Class CHRYSOPHYCEAE 44
Order CHROMULINALES 44
Family CHRYSOCOCCACEAE 44
Chrysococcus 44
Order OCHROMONADALES 44
Family OCHROMONADACEAE 44
Chrysonephele 44
Family DINOBRYACEAE 45
Dinobryon 45
Epipyxis 47
Family SYNURACEAE 48
Mallomonas 48
Mallomonopsis 49
Synura 49
Tessellaria 50
Order STYLOCOCCALES 51
Family STYLOCOCCACEAE 51
Lagynion 5 1
Class XANTHOPHYCEAE 52
Order MISCHOCOCCALES 52
Family SCIADACEAE 52
Centritraetus 52
Ophiocytium 52
Family PLEUROCHLORIDACEAE 53
Isthmochloron 53
Pseud ostaurastrum 53
Tetraedriella 54
Tetraplektron 55
Class RAPHIDOPHYCEAE 55
Order CHLOROMONADALES 55
Family CHLOROMONADACEAE 55
Gonyostomum 55
Merotricha 56
Division CRYPTOPHYTA 57
Class CRYPTOPHYCEAE 57
Order CRYPTOMONADALES 57
Family CRYPTOMONADACEAE 57
Campylomonas 57
Chroomonas 57
Cryptomonas 57
Division GLAUCOPHYTA (GLAUCOCYSTOPHYTA) 59
Class GLAUCOPHYCEAE 59
Glaueocystis 59
Gloeoehaete 60
Division DINOPHYTA 61
Class DINOPHYCEAE 61
Order DINOCOCCALES 61
Family DINOCOCCACEAE 61
Cystodinium 61 l
Order PERIDINIALES 61 |
Family GYMNODINIACEAE 61
Gymnodinium 61 1
Family HEMIDINIACEAE 62
Hemidinium 62
Family GLENODINIOPSIDACEAE 63
Glenodinium 63
Sphaerodinium 64
Family DINOSPHAERACEAE 64
Dinosphaera 64
Family PERIDINIACEAE 65
Peridiniopsis 65
Peridinium 66
Family CERATIACEAE 72
Ceratium 72

Family THECADINIACEAE 74
Prorocentrum 74
Thecadiniopsis 75
Division EUGLENOPHYTA 76
Class EUGLENOPHYCEAE 76
Order EUGLENALES 76
Family EUGLENACEAE 76
Euglena 76
Lepocinclis 78
Phacus 80
Strombomonas 82
Trachelomonas 84
Family ASTASIACEAE 88
Menoidium 88
Division CHLOROPHYTA 89
Class PRASINOPHYCEAE 89
Order POLYBLEPHARIDALES 89
Family POLYBLEPHARIDACEAE 89
Pyramimonas 89
Class CHLOROPHYCEAE 89
Order CHLOROCOCCALES 89
Family PALMELLACEAE 89
Planktosphaeria 89
Sphaerocystis 90
Family CHARACIACEAE 90
Ankyra 90
Schroederia 91
Family TREUBARIACEAE 91
Treubaria 91
Family HYDRODICTYACEAE 91
Pediastrum 91
Family MICRACTINIACEAE 94
Micractinium 94
Family BOTRYOCOCCACEAE 94
Botryococcus 94
Botryosphaerella 95
Dichotomococcus 95
Dictyosphaerium 96
Family RADIOCOCCACEAE 97
Coenochloris 97
Eutetramorus 97
Gloeocystis 98
Family OOCYSTACEAE 98
Fusola 98
Gloeotaenium 99
Lagerheimia 99
Nephrocytium 100
Oocystis 100
Family CHLORELLACEAE 102
Ankistrodesmus 102
Kirchneriella 104
Monoraphidium 104
Tetraedron 105
Family COELASTRACEAE 106
Actinastrum 106
Coelastrum 106
Family SCENEDESMACEAE 108
Crucigenia 108

Crucigeniella 108
Dimorphococcus 109
Scenedesmus 110
Tetrallantos 116
Tetrastrum 116
Westella 117
Family TETRASPORACEAE 117
Asterococcus 117
Chlamydocapsa 117
Paulschulzia 118
Schizochlamys 118
Order CHLAMYDOMONADALES 120
Family CHLAMYDOMONADACEAE 120
Chlamydomonas 120
Sphaerellopsis 120
Carteria 121
Order VOLVOCALES 121
Family PHACOTACEAE 121
Coccomonas 121
Pteromonas 122
Wislouchiella 122
Family VOLVOCACEAE 122
Gonium 122
Pandorina 123
Eudorina 123
Volvox 124
Order GLOEOTILALES 124
Family GLOEOTILACEAE 124
Geminella 124
Radiofilum 125
Order SPHAEROPLEALES 125
Family SPHAEROPLEACEAE 125
Atractomorpha 125
Order CHAETOPHORALES 126
Family CHAETOPHORACEAE 126
Aphanochaete 126
Draparnaldia 126
Stigeoclonium 127
Family CHAETOSPHAERIDIACEAE 127
Chaetosphaeridium 128
Order OEDOGONIALES 128
Family OEDOGONIACEAE 128
Bulbochaete 128
Oedogonium 128
Class ZYGNEMATOPHYCEAE 129
Order MESOTAENIALES 129
Family MESOTAENIACEAE 129
Cylindrocystis 129
Netrium 129
Spirotnenia 130
Family GONATOZYGACEAE 130
Gonatozygon 130
Family PENIACEAE 132
Penium 132
Family CLOSTERIACEAE 133
Closterium 133
Spinoclosterium 147
Family DESMIDIACEAE 148
Docidium 148
Pleurotaenium 149
Triploceras 158
Ichthyocercus 162
Ichthyodontum 162
Actinotaenium 163
Cosmarium 165
Euastrum 183
Tetmemorus 192
Micrasterias 192
Xanthidium 205

Staurastrum 213
Amscottia 252
Staurodesmus 253
Bambusina 270
Cosmocladium 271
Desmid¿um 271
Groenbladia 274
Hyalotheca 275
Onychonema 275
Phymatodocis 276
Sphaerozosma 277
Spondylosium 277
Streptonema 279
Teilingia 279
Family ZYGNEMATACEAE 280
Mougeotia 280
Spirogyra 281
Zygnema 28 1
Class ULVOPHYCEAE 282
Order CODIOLALES 282
Family ULOTRICHACEAE 282
Ulothrix 282
Uronema 282
Acknowledgements 283
References 285
Index 311