Sustainable clean water

Proceedings of the regional workshop on limnology and water resources management in the developing countries of Asia and the Pacific 29. Nov.-5. Dec.1982, Univ. Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur

Ed.: R.P. Lim

1987. XVII, 571 pages, 16x24cm, 1100 g
Language: English

(Advances in Limnology, Volume 28)

ISBN 978-3-510-47026-6, paperback, price: 123.00 €

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limnology water resources clean sustainable developing country Asia pacific


Content Description top ↑

The critical nature of clean water supplies in many parts of the world, and particularly in the least industrialised areas, has long been a matter of worldwide concern. It has been acknowledged that much of the health and economic problems of such countries could be attributed to poor water resources, and encouragement has been given to improving this state of affairs. One of the rasons that the Workshop on Limnology and Water Resources in the Developing Countries of Asia and the Pacific was arranged was to review those countries current technical position.

It was apparent at the Workshop that there is no single policy which can be of general use to sustaining clean water in such a wide region, but different conditions must lead to different approaches. Local technical skills, as distinct from imported opinions, are crucial to develop appropriately separate lines, and the following pages illustrate the extent to which they exist at present. It is left to the reader to decide which parts can be selected as an aid to his particular needs.

The proceedings also showed that there is much to learn from relevant experience in the industrially developed parts of the world, which is evidently often missed in the normal conduction of experimental work on water resources in Asia. The presentation here of contributions from a very wide variety of origins makes some remedy for this, but clearly a more efficient flow of up-to-date information is something exposed as a need. The value of coordinated policies and accentuation of multi-purpose water usage, which reduces the dependence upon sophisticated and expensive technology was perceived by many contributors. The transferring of such approaches to public opinion and hence to government can be as an avenue of future effort.

Contents top ↑

Acknowledgements VII
Address by Y. B. Datuk Amar Stephen K. T. Yong, Minister for Science,
Technology and Environment, Malaysia, at the opening ceremony of the
Regional Workshop on Limnology and Water Resources Management in the
Countries of Asia and the Pacific IX-XI
Address by the Vice Chancellor, University of Malaya, at the opening
ceremony of the workshop XIII
Introduction XV-XVII
Plenary lecture
Mori, S. Water resources and development. (With 2 figures and 4 tables
in the text) 1 - 7
1 Physics, engineering and climate (Viner, A. B.: Summary) 9
Goodspeed, M.J.: Water quantity-physics, dynamics and balance. (With 2
figures and 2 tables in the text) 11 - 18
Fleming, P.M.: The role of radiation estimation in the areal water
balance in tropical regions: A review. (With 1 figure in the text) 19 - 27
2 Groundwater supplies (Viner, A. B. Summary) 29
Ayers, J. F.: Ground-water resources beneath oceanic islands: Basic
principles 31 - 34
Hehanussa, P. E.: Groundwater potential in the coastal plain of West
Java, Indonesia. (With 3 figures in the text) 35 - 38
3 Erosion and silt (Viner, A. B. Summary) 39
Pickup, G.: Fluvial erosion and deposition. (With 2 figures and 2
tables in the text) 41 - 55
Liu Chuan-Ming: Discontinuity of bed-load movement and strem bed
deformation in an upstream watershed. (With 4 figures and 2 tables in
the text) 57 - 62
Viner, A.B. Nutrients transported on silt in rivers. (With 1 figure
and 2 tables in the text) 63 - 71
4 Treatment and water supply for domestic use (Belsare,
D. K. Convenor's report) 73 - 76

Phang Siew-Moi: Agro-industrial wastewater reclamation in Peninsular
Malaysia. (With 4 tables and 6 appendices in the text) 77 - 94
Govindan, V.S.: Studies on the treatment of waste water for
pisciculture and agriculture. (With 5 figures and 4 tables in the
text) 95 - 104
Pantastico, J.B.: Algal production in wastewater Progress and
problems. (With 7 figures and 4 tables in the text) 105 - 121
Belbare, D.K. & Belsare, S.D.: High rate oxidation pond for water and
nutrient recovery from domestic sewage in urban areas of the tropics 123 - 128

Morales, E.C.: Biology and primary productivity of a pond fed with
effluent from biogas digester. (With 5 figures and 4 tables in the
text) 129 - 137
Suwandi, M.S., Tusirin, M.,Noor,M.& Jangi,M.S.:
Bacteria-freewaterbyultrafiltration. (With 3 figures and 3 tables in
the text) 139 - 143

Koottatep, S. & Teyoon, P.C.: Drinking water from a solar still. (With
1 figure and 1 table in the text) 145 - 147
Toms, I.P.: Developments in London's water supply system. (With 8
figures and 2 tables in the text) 149 - 167
Belsare, D.K.: Limnology of protected waterworks in the tropics. (With
6 tables in the text) 169 - 178
5 Water quality criteria (Lim, R.P.: Summary) 179
Hung Tsu-Chang Study on heavy metals in rivers and estuaries of western Taiwan.
(With 4 figures and 3 tables in the text) 1X1-192
Batcha, S.M.A. & Damodaran, R. Impact of Thanneermokam Bund and Idukki
Hydro-Electric Project on the changes of salinity characteristics of
the Vembanad Lake (South India). (With 6 figures in the text) 193 - 200
6 Macrophytes and blooms submerged, floating, and emergent (Socrjani,
M. Convenor's report) 201 - 204
Coates, D.: On the biological problems caused by the introduced water
weed Salvinia molesta Mitchell in the Sepik River, Papua New Guinea 205 - 208
Saraf, N. & Kaul, V. Nutritive value of some macrophytes of Dal
Lake. (With 1 figure and 1 table in the text) 209 - 212
Kaul, V. & Kaul, S.: A bibliography to macrophytes as components of
aquatic ecosystems in tropical inland waters. 213 - 219
Ikusima, I.: Productivity and potential uses of macrophytes. (With 2
figures and 1 table in the text) 221 - 225
Soerjani, M. Water enrichment and the possible utilisation of aquatic
plants. (With 4 figures and 1 table in the text) 227 - 236
7 Riverine and swamp fisheries (Welcomme, R. Convenor's report) 237 - 238
Wirjoatmodjo, S.: The river ecosystem in the forest area at Ketambe,
Gunung Leuser National Park, Acch, Indonesia. (With 2 figures and 6
tables in the text) 239 - 246
Lelek, A. Freshwater and swamp fisheries on the Rajang River, Sarawak,
Malaysia. (With 3 figures and 5 tables in the text) 247 - 260
Khoo, K.H., Leong, T.S., Soon, F.L., Tan, S.P. & Wong, S.Y.: Riverine
fisheries in Malaysia. (With 3 figures and 1 table in the text) 261 - 268
8 Reservoir and lake fisheries (De Silva, S.S.: Convenor's report) 269 - 271
De Silva, S.S.: Impact of exotics on the inland fishery resources of
Sri Lanka. (With 5 figures and 5 tables in the text) 273 - 293
Yap Siaw-Yang: Recent developments in reservoir fisheries research in
tropical Asia. (With 3 figures in the text) 295 - 303
Wijoyaratne, M.J. S. & Amarasinghe, U. S. Estimation of maximum
sustainable fish yield and stocking densities of fish fingerlings in
freshwater lakes and reservoirs. (With 1 table in the text) 305 - 308
Pawaputanon, O. Management of fish populations in Ubolratana
Reservoir. (With 3 tables in the text) 309 - 317

9 Aquaculture and sustainable clean water (Guerrero, R.D. Convenor's
report) 319 - 320

Muir, J.F. & Beveridge, M.C.M.: Water resources and aquaculture
development. (With 3 tables in the text) 321 - 324
Liao Xianghua: Aspects of disease, genetics and feed formulation in
fresh-water pisciculture in South China 325 - 332
Pandian, T.J. Sustainable clean water and aquaculture. (With 5 tables
in the text) 333 - 342

Beveridge, M.C.M. & Muir, J.F. Current status and potential of
freshwater cage culture in Southeast Asia. (With 1 figure and 2 tables
in the text) 343 - 348

Macintosh, D.J. The potential of cichlid fishes for aquaculture in the
inland waters of Southern Asia. (With 1 figure and 1 table in the
text) 349 - 353

Guerrero, R.D., Sevilleja, R.C. & Tolentino, A.M.: Studies on the cage
culture of the Nile Tilapia in Aya Reservoir and Laguna de Bay,
Philippines. (With 3 tables in the text) 355 - 358
10 Aquatic diseases end parasites (Lim, L.H.S.: Summary) 359 - 360
Sornmani, S.: Health problems of water-borne diseases in relation to
water resource development projects in Southeast Asia 361 - 370
Ramalingam, S.: Aquatic vectors and intermediate hosts of
disease. (With 2 figures and 2 appendices in the text) 371 - 380
Liao Xianghua: Factors regulating trematodes and cestodes in
fish. (With 1 figure in the text) 381 - 387

Lim, L.H.S. & Furtado, J.I.: Specific delimitation of some species of
oriental Dactylogyrus Diesing, 1850 using Jaccard's Index of
Similarity. (With 1 figure and 2 tables in the text) 389 - 396
11 Land-water interactions (Viner, A.B.: Summary) 397 - 398
Jahi, J. & Sani, S.: Development process, soil erosion and flash
floods in the Kelang Valley Region, Peninsular Malaysia: A general
consideration. (With 2 figures and 1 table in the text) 399 - 405
Armentano, T.V.: Tropical organic soils ecosystems in relation to
regional water resources in Southeast Asia 407 - 415
Dudgeon, D.: Three contrasting land-water interactive systems in Hong
Kong 417 - 420
Deng, H.: The dyke-pond agro-ecosystem of the Zhujiang (Pearl River)
Delta, China. 421 - 423
Verghese, S. & Furtado, J.I.: Decomposition of leaf litter in a
tropical freshwater swamp, the Tasek Bera, Malaysia. (With 3 figures
and 2 tables in the text) 425 - 434
Yusoff, F. M. & Sharr, H. A.: Physico-chemical limnology of Zoo Negara
Lake, Malaysia. (With 5 figures and 2 tables in the text) 435 - 446
12 Biological production (Kaul, V. Convenor's report) 447 - 448

Dudgeon, D.: The ecology of a forest stream in Hong Kong 449 - 454
Bhargava, S.C. & Saxena, M.M.: Studies on primary productivity and
certain correlative factors in an Indian desert reservoir. (With 2
figures and 1 table in the text) 455 - 461
Knud-Hansen, C. F. & Goldman, C. R.: Phytoplankton productivity
responses to nutrient enrichment in a tropical reservoir. (With 3
figures and 2 tables in the text) 463 - 469
13 Ecosystem components (Lim, R.P.: Summary) 471
Nather Khan, I. S. A., Furtado, J. I. & Lim, R. P. Periphyton on
artificial and natural substrates in a tropical river. (With 7 figures
and 4 tables in the text) 473 - 484
Lee Yuen-Hung & Khoo Hong-Woo: Bioenergetic study of the freshwater
tropical calanoid Neodiaptomus schmackeri (Poppe and Richard). (With 4
figures and 2 tables in the text) 485-495
Dudgeon, D. The development of benthic macroinvertebrate communities
in Plover Cove Reservoir, Hong Kong, with special reference to the
significance of the marginal zone 497-502
Kortmulder, K.: Ecology and behaviour in tropical freshwater fish communities.
(With 8 figures and 1 table in the text) 503-513
Iwakuma, T. & Yasuno, M.: The role of zoobenthos in a shallow eutrophic lake.
(With 3 figures and 2 tables in the text) 515-524
Chockalingam, S. & Somasundaram, P. Efficiency of mosquito predation by an
aquatic insect, Laccotrephes maculatus (Hemiptera: Nepidae). (With 3 tables
in the text) 525 - 528
14 Typology (Lim, R.P.: Summary) 529
Kaul, V. Tropical montane lakes. (With 1 table in the text) 531-536
15 Ecological management (Lim, R. P.: Summary) 537
Low, K.S. & Peh, C.H.: Hydro-geomorphological considerations in water
resources management in Malaysia. (With 1 table in the text) 539-546
Ho Yueh-Chuen: Control and monument of pollution of inland waters in Malaysia
(With 1 fiugres, 2 tables and 1 appendix in the text) 547-556
Choy, S. C. An assessment of the impact of dam construction on the City and
ecology of the river system below the Monasavu Hydroelectric Scheme (With
5 figures and 2 tables in the text) 563-571
Granéli, W.: Restoration and mm of lakes in tropical and subtype areas
Swedish perspective (With 5 figures and 2 tables in the text) 563-53