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Lake Constance

Characterization of an ecosystem in transition

Ed.: Erich Bäuerle; Ursula Gaedke

1999. VII, 610 pages, 218 figures, 48 tables, 9 plates, 16x24cm, 1340 g
Language: English

(Advances in Limnology, Volume 53)

ISBN 978-3-510-47055-6, paperback, price: 101.00 €

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Keywords

limnology Lake Constance

Contents

Synopsis top ↑

Lake Constance, located along the Swiss-German Border is a large and deep lake of of 183 sq-mi. area (11.3 cubic mi of water!) with well established boundary conditions. Because Lake Constance has been the subject of scientific study for more than a century, it is one of the best studied lakes worldwide.

This volume documents, integrates and interprets a large body of new hydrodynamic, chemical, paleolimnological and microbiological data with data on plankton and fish ecology. The data were mostly collected between 1979 and 1997 as part of an interdisciplinary research program funded by the German Research Council (DFG).
The data provide novel insights into the complex dynamics of the interaction of physical, chemical and biological processes in large lakes. Mechanisms regulating the seasonal dynamics of phyto- and zooplankton were identified, for example mechanisms controlled by meteorological parameters.
By means of a unique set of plankton measurements with very high temporal resolution, conducted over a period of almost two decades, the effects of changes in nutrient supply and climatic parameters on major plankton groups were quantified and modelled.
Quantitative models for large water bodies such as Lake Constance are increasingly important to protect lake ecosystems, and thus important water resources from anthropogenic mayhem. From the perspective of the plankton food web, Lake Constance is an ideal reference system for large water bodies. The data and their interpretations are therefore not only applicable to large lakes, but also to marine ecosystems, for which comparable data cannot be gathered due to technical constraints.

The twenty-six contributions to this volume highlight the advantage of interdisciplinary approaches to problems which in the past were commonly considered to be essentially biological in nature.

Inhaltsübersicht top ↑

Der Bodensee mit einer Fläche von 472 km2 (Wassermenge: 47 km3) wird seit mehr als einem Jahrhundert wissenschaftlich untersucht und ist mittlerweile einer der intensivst erforschten Seen der Welt.
Der vorliegende Band dokumentiert und integriert im Rahmen des Sonderforschungsbereiches Stoffhaushalt des Bodensees (1986-1997) durch multidisziplinäre Untersuchungen gewonnene hydrodynamische, chemische, paläolimnologische, mikrobiologische, planktologische und fischökologische Daten und Analysen.

Mit diesen Daten konnten neue Einsichten in ursächliche Zusammenhänge des natürlichen Wechselspiels von physikalischen, chemischen und biologischen Prozesse im Bodensee gewonnen werden.
So wurden die Mechanismen der Regulation der saisonalen Dynamik des Phyto- und Zooplanktons aufgrund von wetterbedingten Veränderungen in der Wassersäule (Turbulenz, Temperatur) erkannt.

Der Band stellt einen weltweit einmaligen Datensatzes von zeitlich sehr hochauflösenden planktologischen Langzeit-Messungen (1979-1997) vor. Mit diesen Daten war es möglich, das Zusammenspiel verschiedener Einflüsse (rückläufige Nährstoffkonzentrationen und z.B. Klimaeinwirkungen auf Temperaturschichtung und Dynamik der Wassersäule) auf sämtliche pelagischen Lebensgemeinschaften zu quantifizieren.
Die hier vorgestellten Ergebnisse sind für die Bewahrung unserer Wasservorräte in einer immer stärker anthropogen geprägten Welt von großer Bedeutung. Aus biologischer Sicht ist der Bodensee ein ideales Modellsystem für große Freiwasserkörper. Die Ergebnisse dieser Studie sind daher auch auf sehr große Seen und sogar marine Ökosysteme übertragbar, an denen vergleichbare Freilandmeßprogramme nicht realisierbar sind.
Mit den 26 Arbeiten des vorliegenden Band wird eine multidisziplinäre Synopsis der Limnologie des Bodensees vorgelegt, die den ''state of the art'' auf dem Gebiet der Seenforschung nicht nur für den Bodensee, sondern auch für vergleichbare Wasserkörper definiert. Die Arbeiten zeigen die Bedeutung interdisziplinärer Untersuchungen für Fragen, die man früher als ''rein biologisch'' angesehen hätte.

Table of Contents (English) top ↑

Preface V
WESSELS, M.: Geological history of the Lake Constance area (with 4
figures and 2 tables 1-12

STABEL, H.-H.: Chemical composition and drinking water quality of the
water from Lake Constance (with 6 figures and 2 tables)
13-30
BÄUERLE, E., OLLINGER, D. & ILMBERGER; J.: Some
meteorological, hydrological, and hydrodynamical aspects of Upper Lake
Constance (with 30 figures and 2 tables)
31-83
GÜDE, H., ROSSKNECHT, H. & WAGNER, G.: Anthropogenic impacts
on the trophic state of Lake Constance during the 20th century (with 7
figures and 2 tables)
85-108
KÜMMERLIN, R.E.: Taxonomical response of the phytoplankton
community of Upper Lake Constance (Bodensee-Obersee) to
eutrophication and re-oligotrophication (with 1 figure and 2 tables)
109-117
GAEDKE, U.: Functional and taxonomical properties of the
phytoplankton community of large and deep Lake Constance: Interannual
variability and response to re-oligotrophication (1979-1993) (with 7
figures)
119-141
GAEDKE, U. & WEISSE, T.: Seasonal and interannual variability of
picocyanobacteria in Lake Constance (1987-1997) (with 4 figures)
143-158
HÄSE, C., GAEDKE, U., SEIFRIED, A., BEESE, B. & TILZER, M.M.:
Phytoplankton response to re-oligotrophication in large and deep Lake
Constance: Photosynthetic rates and chlorophyll concentrations (with 7
figures and 2 tables)
159-178
GEGE, P.: Characterization of the phytoplankton in Lake Constance for
classification by remote sensing (with 6 figures and 2 tables)
179-193
SIMON, M., BUNTE, C., SCHULZ, M., WEISS, M. & WüNSCH, C.:
Bacterioplankton dynamics in Lake Constance (Bodensee): Substrate
utilization, growth control, and long-term trends (with 8 figures and 4
tables)
195-221
WEISSE, T. & MÜLLER, H.: Planktonic protozoa and the microbial food
web in Lake Constance (with 9 figures and 3 tables)
223-254
STRAILE, D. & GELLER, W.: Crustacean zooplankton in Lake
Constance from 1920 to 1995: Response to eutrophication and
re-oligotrophication (with 9 figures)
255-274
HOFMANN, W.: The response of Bosmina (Eubosmina) to
eutrophication of Upper Lake Constance: the subfossil record (with 4
figures)
275-283
ECKMANN, R. & RöSCH, R.: Lake Constance fisheries and fish
ecology (with 4 figures and 2 tables)
285-301
APPENZELLER, A.R.: Persistent large-scale heterogeneity of pelagic
fish in Upper Lake Constance and its possible causes (with 5 figures and
3 tables)
303-316
GAEDKE, U.: The response of the pelagic food web to
re-oligotrophication of a large and deep lake (L. Constance): Evidence for
scale-dependent hierarchical patterns? (with 2 figures and 2 tables)
317-333
WESSELS, M. & SCHRöDER, H.-G.: Lead and zinc in the sediments of
Lake Constance, SW Germany (with 4 figures and 1 table)
335-349
SCHRöDER, H.G., WESSELS, M. & NIESSEN, F.: Acoustic facies and
depositional structures of Lake Constance (with 9 figures)
351-368
KAMINSKI, S., KONOPOLEV,A., LINDNER, G. & SCHRöDER, H.-G.:
The fate of artificial caesium radionuclides in Lake Constance (with 22
figures and 4 tables)
369-409
WESSELS, M.: Late-Glacial and postglacial sediments in Lake
Constance (Germany) and their palaeolimnological implications (with 19
figures and 1 table)
411-449
SCHNEIDER, K.: Spatial heterogeneity of pigment concentration and
water surface temperature determined from satellite data (with 13 figures,
9 plates and 2 tables)
451-488
HEEGE, T. & APPENZELLER, A.R.: Correlations of large-scale patterns
of turbidity and pelagic fish biomass using satellite and acoustic methods
(with 4 figures and 5 tables)
489-503
GÜDE, H. & GRIES, T.: Phosporus fluxes in Lake Constance (with 12
figures and 4 tables)
505-543
STRAILE, D.: Biomass allocation and carbon flow in the pelagic food
web of Lake Constance (with 9 figures and 1 table)
545-563
GAEDKE, U., OLLINGER, D., BäUERLE, E. & STRAILE, D.: The
impact of the interannual variability in hydrodynamic conditions on the
plankton development in Lake Constance in spring and summer (with 7
figures)
565-585
GAEDKE, U. & STRAILE, D.: Daphnids: Keystone species for the
pelagic food web structure and energy flow.- A body size-related analysis
linking seasonal changes at the population and ecosystem levels (with 6
figures and 2 tables)
587-610