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Biology and Management of Coregonid Fishes - 2005

Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium on the Biology and Management of Coregonid Fishes held in Olsztyn, Poland, 21-27 August 2005

Ed.: Malgorzata Jankun; Pawel Brzuzan; Piotr Hliwa; Miroslaw Luczynski

2007. VIII, 516 pages, 158 figures, 74 tables, 16x25cm, 1150 g
Language: English

(Advances in Limnology, Volume 60)

ISBN 978-3-510-47062-4, paperback, price: 98.00 €

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Keywords

coregonid fish Olsztyn Poland whitefish vendace cisco Holarctic North America Europe Asia

Contents

Synopsis top ↑

Coregonids (whitefish, vendace, cisco, etc.) are cold-water adapted fishes common throughout the Holarctic in North America, Europe and Asia. They have evolved into a myriad of forms, subspecies and species during and after the Pleistocene glaciations. They are therefore rich subjects for the study of evolutionary problems. Coregonids support important commercial, subsistence and recreational fisheries and are the subject of significant aquaculture operations around the world. Although coregonids are generally considered to be fairly adaptable to the pressures of exploitation, they do appear to be sensitive to changing environmental conditions such as eutrophication and a number of populations and species have been extirpated, usually by deteriorating environments coupled with the introduction of exotic species and by commercial exploitation. This sizeable volume contains 40 peer-reviewed contributions on current topics of coregonid research presented at the Ninth International Symposium on the Biology and Management of Coregonid Fishes, held in August 2005, in Olsztyn, Poland. They cover all aspects of coregonid life and managment. The contributions can be grouped into of five subject areas: genetics and evolution; biology, life history and population dynamics; invasive species; fisheries in Europe and fisheries in North America

Review: Limnologica 38 (2008) 86-87 top ↑

Volume 60 of the Advances in Limnology covers the Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on the Biology and Management of Coregonid Fishes, held in Olsztyn, Poland, 21-27 August 2005. The in total 40 papers reflect research progress in the fields of genetics, biology and management of coregonid fishes worldwide. Despite the fact that coregonids comprise only about 30 species in three genera occurring in Eurasia and North America, there are a large number of research groups exploring phylogeography, life history, population dynamics, artificial propagation and fisheries of Coregonus stocks. The symposium held every three years, and its subsequent proceedings thus support discussion and dissemination of the most recent research results on this fish family.

In the present issue, the ongoing interest in the evolutionary biology of the highly plastic coregonid fishes is reflected by nine papers dealing with genetics. Alan Hudson et al. review in detail the geography and adaptive radiation in coregonines after deglaciation of the Northern Hemisphere. Using genetic, morphological and biogeographical data, they conclude that hybrid swarm and genomically-driven reinforcement appeared to be most prevalent in the coregonids. Putative cases of sympatric speciation were also identified. In a second review, Stott and Todd discuss the use of numerous genetic markers to elucidate the coregonid problem, i.e., defining boundaries among the highly variable coregonid taxa. Furthermore, six studies from East Europe and one from North America specifically highlight recent genetic analyses from less commonly studied coregonid species and forms, for example Coregonus subautumnalis (Politov et al.), Coregonus ussuriensis (Baldina et al.) or Coregonus lavaretus nelmuschka (Borovikova et al.).

The 14 papers in the second section of the volume focus on biology, life history and population dynamics. This part is highly heterogeneous, and topics covered encompass aquaculture and artificial propagation of coregonids, spatial distribution patterns of fish in lakes, diet studies and the predation influence of cormorants on coregonids. Dufour and Gerdeaux used stable isotopes in otoliths to infer the summer depth positioning of whitefish in a French lake. They conclude that adult whitefish inhabit water layers close to the thermocline during summer, whereas the high temperatures experienced by juvenile whitefish seem to reflect an inshore residence. Cormorant predation was found to be only a minor source of mortality in seven Polish whitefish and vendace populations (Wziatek et al.). In contrast, Winfield et al. predicted that, without proper bird management, cormorants will drive the whitefish population in the British Haweswater to extinction in near future.

The third section covers four papers on invasive species. The section title is a bit misleading since both Winfield et al. and Wright and Ebener discuss the impact of non-native aquatic species on native vendace or whitefish populations, whereas Salonen et al. and Museth et al. elucidate the impact of the non-native whitefish or vendace on native fish populations (such as Artic charr) in Scandinavia.

The final two sections deal with fisheries issues on coregonid stocks in Europe and North America. Among others, Müller reported on the re-discovery of the vanished “Edelfisch” Coregonus nobilis in Lake Lucerne. Gorman and Todd review the history of the shortjaw cisco (Coregonus zenithicus) in Lake Superior between 1895 and 2003. Finally, Eckmann et al. present a workshop summary on re-oligotrophication and whitefish fisheries management in European prealpine lakes. In the majority of these lakes, the characteristic salmonid fish communities have been re-established along with the drastic reduction in phosphorus load and concentration. However, since whitefish growth, cohort size and eventually harvest substantially declined below that level found earlier at eutrophic conditions, a reduction of phosphorus concentrations below the management target supporting drinking water supply and recreation (30 mg m-3) seems not be necessary. A decline below 10 mg m-3 should be avoided since it will corrupt the commercial fisheries.

In total, the proceedings will serve very well the requirements of the numerous scientists working with coregonid populations. However, such a volume would attract a broader interest if each of the sections were headed by a paper which summarizes the content of subsequent articles and develops perspectives for future research. Then, continuation of proceedings from the coregonid conferences will be highly welcome to the research community.

Thomas Mehner

Limnologica 38 (2008) 86-87

Review: Freshwater Reviews (2008) 1, pp. 99-100 top ↑

Whitefish in the family Coregonidae are closely related to the salmonid family and are found in cool, clean waters in Northern Europe, Asia, and North America. They resemble salmonids in general appearance, including an adipose fin, but differ from them in their lack of colour, markings or spots, hence the general name whitefish. There are many local names, often for the same species and these include cisco, vendace, powan, freshwater herring, gwyniad and schelly or skelly. There have been many arguments about their taxonomy and classification, especially in Northern Europe; sometimes referred to as ‘the coregonid problem’. Coregonids support sport and commercial fisheries in many countries, but not in Britain, and their populations are often sensitive to over-exploitation and pollution, especially eutrophication. Regular meetings to assess the biology and management of coregonids are therefore to be welcomed. This large volume contains 40 peer-reviewed papers on current topics in coregonid research grouped into five sections.

An introductory section consists of nine papers dealing with genetics and evolution. The first and last of these papers are lengthy and useful reviews dealing with genetic markers and the coregonid problem, and the geography of speciation and adaptive radiation in coregonids. Both reviews are impressive and provide comprehensive coverage of the literature on the genetics and speciation of this family. Between these two reviews are seven shorter papers describing specific examples of genetic variability.

The next section on biology, life history and population dynamics is the longest in the book with fourteen chapters. This is a mixed bunch of shorter papers dealing chiefly with different aspects of population dynamics, but also topics such as the effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on gene expression, and the effects of cormorant predation on coregonids. I was impressed by the novel technique of using intra-otolith stable isotope profiles to reconstruct the thermal history of whitefish over the growing season in Lake Annecy. A general review, similar to those in the last section, would have been a welcome addition to this section, but unfortunately is absent.

The third section on invasive species is the shortest in the book with only four papers. These include the harmful effects on whitefish populations of introduced ruffe, Gymnocephalus cernuus (L.), the boom and bust population dynamics of vendace introduced into a subarctic watercourse, and how the co-existence of resident Arctic charr, Salvelinus alpinus (L.), and introduced whitefish depends upon the intensive fishing of the latter species.

The fourth section with eight papers deals with coregonid fisheries in Europe. The first paper is a very useful summary of a workshop on re-oligotrophication and whitefish fisheries management. A lower nutrient content has led to slower growth and a poorer condition of whitefish due to the reduced food base, the effect being greater for pelagic, plankton-feeding coregonids than for littoral, benthic-feeding coregonids. The workshop recommended that as natural reproduction is enhanced, stocking should cease. The remaining papers are a mixed bunch covering a wide range of topics, including the effects of whitefish stocking, thermal marking of otoliths, effects of trawling on whitefish, the allocation of fishing effort, and even the re-discovery of the ‘Edelfisch’, C. nobilis Haack, in Lake Lucerne.

The last section with only five papers deals with coregonid fisheries in North America. Once again, it is a mixture of topics, including the history of the short-jaw cisco in Lake Superior, whitefish growth in the upper Laurentian Great Lakes, comparisons of harvest policies for managing lake whitefish, and the long-term impacts of acidification and nutrient additions on a lake whitefish population.

It can be seen from this summary of the contents that a wide range of topics are covered in this book. There are many case-studies for those seeking whitefish examples for their lectures. The reviews are excellent for those not working directly on whitefish, and it is a pity that a few more reviews were not included in the book. However, this volume provides an excellent overview of the current state of work on coregonid fishes. It should be a useful addition to any library concerned with freshwater fish and to those working in allied fields.

J. Malcolm Elliott

Freshwater Reviews (2008) 1, pp. 99-100

Freshwater Biological Association 2008

Freshwater Reviews

Contents top ↑

Preface VII-VIII
Section I: Genetics and evolution
STOTT, W. & TODD, T.N.: Genetic markers and the coregonid problem
(with 3 figures and 1 appendix) 3-23
JANKUN, M.,WOZNICKI, P., OCALEWICZ, K. & FURGALA-SELEZNIOW, G.:
Chromosomal evolution in the three species of Holarctic fish of the
genus Coregonus (Salmoniformes) (with 5 figures and 1 table) 25-37
KAUPINIS, A. & BUKELSKIS, E.: Genetic variability of vendace
(Coregonus albula (L.)) in Lithuanian lakes (with 2 figures and 3
tables) 39-45
KOHLMANN, K., KEMPTER, J., KERSTEN, P. & SADOWSKI, J.: Haplotype
variability at the mitochondrial ND-1 gene region of Coregonus
lavaretus from Polish lakes (with 2 figures and 4 tables) 47-57
BOROVIKOVA, E.A., GORDON, N.YU., SHAROVA, J.N. & POLITOV, D.V.: Length
variation in mtDNA control region in Coregonus lavaretus nelmuschka
from Lake Kubenskoye and related whitefish forms of northwest Russia
(with 3 figures and 1 table) 59-67
POLITOV, D.V., BOROVIKOVA, E.A. & GORDON, N.YU.: Penzhina River cisco
Coregonus subautumnalis Kaganovsky does not belong to the Arctic cisco
species complex: first genetic evidence based on allozyme data (with 4
figures, 3 tables and 1 appendix) 69-81
BALDINA, S.N., GORDON, N.YU. & POLITOV, D.V.: Genetic relationships of
the Ussuri cisco, Coregonus ussuriensis Berg 1906, in view of mtDNA
data (with 3 figures and 1 table) 83-89
MCDERMID, J.L., REIST, J.D. & BODALY, R.A.: Phylogeography and
postglacial dispersal of whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis complex) in
Northwestern North America (with 8 figures and 4 tables) 91-109
HUDSON, A.G., VONLANTHEN, P., MÜLLER, R. & SEEHAUSEN, O.: Review: The
geography of speciation and adaptive radiation in coregonines (with 1
figure and 4 tables) 111.146
Section II: Biology, life history and population dynamics
BRZUZAN, P., JURCZYK, L. & FOKS, T.: Differential gene expression in
benzo[a]pyrene-exposed whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus) (with 3 figures
and 2 tables) 149-157
DIETRICH, G.J., WOJTCZAK, M., DOBOSZ, S., KUZMINSKI, H., KOWALSKI, R.,
KOTLOWSKA, M. & CIERESZKO, A.: Characterization of whitefish
(Coregonus lavaretus) sperm motility: effects of pH, cations and
ovarian fluid (with 6 figures) 159-170
WOJTCZAK, M., KUZMINSKI, H., DOBOSZ, S., MIKOLAJCZYK, T., DIETRICH,
G.J., KOWALSKI, R., KOTLOWSKA, M., ENRIGHT, W.J. & CIERESZKO, A.: Milt
characteristics in European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus) in
relation to season and hormonal stimulation with a
gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue, azaglynafarelin (with 3
figures and 1 table) 171-185
MIKOLAJCZYK, T., KUZMINSKI, H., DOBOSZ, S., GORYCZKO, K. & ENRIGHT,
W.J.: The effects of GonazonTM, a commercially available GnRH
analogue, on induction of ovulation and egg quality in cultured
European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L.) (with 3 figures and 1
table) 187-194
DUFOUR, E. & GERDEAUX, D.: Summer depth positioning of whitefish
(Coregonus lavaretus) in Lake Annecy inferred from oxygen thermometry
of otoliths (with 4 figures) 195-204
SANDLUND, O.T., MUSETH, J., TAUGBøL, T. & ØSTBYE, K.: Population
characteristics of whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus) in a 30 years old
river reservoir: Løpsjøen, SE Norway (with 5 figures and 1 table)
205-212
LESKELÄ, A., SUTELA, T. & INGMAN, H.: Quality, diet and growth of
one-summer old European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L.) fingerlings
produced in ponds and net-cages and released in the Finnish
Archipelago Sea (with 4 figures and 1 table) 213-220
URPANEN, O., MARJOMÄKI, T. J., VILJANEN, M., HUUSKONEN, H., SARVALA,
J., HELMINEN, H. & KARJALAINEN, J.: Spatio-temporal distribution of
vendace (Coregonus albula (L.)) larvae in Finnish lakes (with 3
figures and 3 tables) 221-230
MELNIK, N.G., DEGTYAREV, V.A., DZUYBA, E.V., BONDARENKO, V.M., POPOV,
S.V., ANOSHKO, P.N., KHANAEV, I.V.& SMIRNOVA-ZALUMI, N.S.:
Distribution of Baikal omul (Coregonus autumnalis migratorius) during
the 2003 acoustic survey (with 3 figures and 1 table) 231-236
SMIRNOVA-ZALUMI, N.S., MELNIK, N.G., SMIRNOV, V.V., POPOV, S.V.,
GONCHAROV, S.M. & RUDSTAM L.G.: Seasonal distribution of omul
(Coregonus autumnalis migratorius (Georgi)) in Lake Baikal:
implications for acoustics assessment (with 5 figures and 2 tables)
237-246
TOLENTINO, S. & ALBRECHT, B.: Spawning habitat preferences and feeding
ecology of two endemic Bear Lake whitefishes (Prosopium spilonotus and
P. abyssicola) (with 6 figures) 247-259
DAVIS, B.M., SAVINO, J.F. & OGILVIE, L.M.: Diet niches of major forage
fish in Lake Michigan (with 4 figures and 4 tables) 261-275
WINFIELD, I.J., FLETCHER, J.M. & JAMES, J.B.: Modelling the impacts of
water level fluctuations and predation by cormorants (Phalacrocorax
carbo) on the population dynamics of whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus)
in Haweswater, U.K. (with 2 figures) 277-284
WZIĄTEK, B., MARTYNIAK, A., HLIWA, P., KOZŁOWSKI, J., KRZYWOSZ, T.,
OSEWSKI, M., SOBOCKI, M., SZYMAŃSKA, U. & GOMUŁKA, P.: Great Cormorant
predation on coregonid fishes at seven sites in Poland (with 1 figure
and 7 tables) 285-297
Section III: Invasive species
WINFIELD, I.J., FLETCHER, J.M., JAMES, J.B., DUIGAN, C.A, BEAN, C.W &
DURIE, N.C.: Long-term case histories of ruffe (Gymnocephalus cernuus)
introductions to four U.K. lakes containing native vendace (Coregonus
albula) or whitefish (C. lavaretus) populations (with 5 tables)
301-309 .
WRIGHT, G.M. & EBENER M.P.: Potential effects of dietary
lipid reduction on growth and reproduction of lake whitefish in
Northern Lake Michigan (with 7 figures and 4 tables) 311-330
SALONEN, E., AMUNDSEN, P-A. & BøHN, T.: Boom and bust development
by invading vendace Coregonus albula in the subarctic Inari-Pasvik
watershed (Finland, Norway and Russia) (with 5 figures) 331-342
MUSETH, J., SANDLUND, O.T. &
BORGSTRøM, R.: Coexistence between introduced whitefish (Coregonus
lavaretus) and native Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) depends on
heavy whitefish exploitation (with 3 figures and 2 tables) 343-350
Section IV: Fisheries in Europe
ECKMANN, R., GERDEAUX, D., MÜLLER, R. & RÖSCH, R.:
Re-oligotrophication and whitefish fisheries management - a workshop
summary 353-360
ECKMANN, R., KUGLER, M. & RUHLÉ, CH.: Evaluating the success of
large-scale whitefish stocking at Lake Constance (with 2 figures and 1
table) 361-368
WZIATEK, B., HLIWA, P., KRÓL, J., STABINSKI, R., KOZLOWSKI, J.,
NAGIEC, M. & GOMULKA, P.: Optimization of the method for thermal
marking of coregonid fish otoliths (with 2 figures and 3 tables)
369-376
GASSNER, H. & WANZENBÖCK, J.: Application of population size structure
indices to Austrian whitefish (Coregonus sp.) stocks (with 1 figure
and 2 tables) 377-384
SCHMIDT, M.B., GASSNER, H., KÜHLMANN, M. & MEYER, E.I.: Short-term
effects of trawling on distribution and abundance of a vendace
(Coregonus albula (Linnaeus)) population monitored by hydroacoustics
(with 5 figures and 1 table) 385-395
JOKIKOKKO, E., LESKELÄ, A. & HUHMARNIEMI, A.: Is it possible to
increase the stocking results of the whitefish in the Finnish Gulf of
Bothnia by means of fisheries management? (with 4 figures and 1 table)
397-404
MARJOMÄKI, T.J., LINDROOS, M., MUJE, K., SIPPONEN, M. & KARJALAINEN,
J.: Comparison of policies for spatial allocation of annual fishing
effort between multiple stocks of vendace, Coregonus albula (L.) (with
5 figures) 405-418
MÜLLER, R.: The re-discovery of the vanished "Edelfisch" Coregonus
nobilis Haack, 1882, in Lake Lucerne, Switzerland (with 6 figures and
3 tables) 419-430
Section V: Fisheries in North America
GORMAN, O.T. & TODD, T.N.: History of the shortjaw cisco (Coregonus
zenithicus) in Lake Superior, 1895-2003 (with 14 figures and 1 table)
433-458
KRATZER, J.F., TAYLOR, W.W., FERRERI, C.P. & EBENER, M.P.: Factors
affecting growth of lake whitefish in the upper Laurentian Great Lakes
(with 3 figures and 3 tables) 459-470
MOHR, L.C. & EBENER, M.P.: Evaluation of two harvest policies for
managing lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) populations in a
Laurentian Great Lake, Lake Huron (with 3 figures and 3 tables)
471-483
MILLS, K.H., GYSELMAN, E.C., TALLMAN, R.F. & JOHNSON, L.: Comparison
of two harvest scenarios for lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis)
of the Chitty Lakes, Northwest Territories, Canada (with 6 figures and
1 table) 485-501
MILLS, K.H., CHALANCHUK, S.M. & ALLAN D.J.: Long-term impacts of
acidification and nutrient additions on a lake whitefish population
(with 6 figures) 503-513
List of reviewers 515-516.