cover

Wolfgang Werner:

Synsedimentary faulting and sediment-hosted submarine-hydrothermal mineralization in the late paleozoic Rhenish Basin (Germany)

1989. IV, 305 pages, 82 figures, 10 tables, 1 appendix, 16x24cm, 640 g
Language: English

(Geotectonic Research, Volume 71)

ISBN 978-3-510-50037-6, paperback, price: 91.00 €

in stock and ready to ship

Order form

BibTeX file

Keywords

gravityseismicRhenish BasinmineralhydrothermalSchwerkraftseismischRheinisches BeckenMineralhydrothermal

Contents

Contents top ↑

I Introduction 13
1 Objectives 15
2 Relevant Previous Investigations 16
3 Research Work (Synopsis) 18
II Synsedimentary Faulting 19
1 Introduction to the Geology of Synsedimentary Faults 19
1.1 Theoretical considerations of the formation of synsedimentary faults 19
1.2 Frequent types of synsedimentary faults 25
2 The Recognition of Ancient Synsedimentary Faults 33
3 The Rhenish Basin - A Favourable Test Case 40
3.1 The palaeogeographical framework 41
3.2 Palaeogeographical and palaeostructural development of the Rhenish
Basin - an outline with special emphasis on synsedimentary faulting 46
3.3 Variscan orogenic overprinting (general aspects) 50
4 Late Palaeozoic Synsedimentary Fault Systems of the Rhenish Basin 52
4.1 Synopsis 52
4.2 Previous investigations 55
4.3 Investigated synsedimentary fault systems 58
4.3.1 Plettenberg-Affeln area 59
4.3.1.1 Data base 59
4.3.1.2 Geological framework 63
4.3.1.3 Synsedimentary faulting 68
4.3.2 Meggen area 71
4.3.2.1 Data base 71
4.3.2.2 Geological framework 73
4.3.2 3 Synsedimentary faulting 77
4.3.3 Indications of a synsedimentary fault zone trending from the Balve reef
to the Oberscheld volcanic centre 85
4.3.4 Altenburen area 88
4.3.4.1 Data base 88
4.3.4.2 Geological framework 94
4.3.4.3 Synsedimentary faulting 99
4.3.5 The likely continuation of the synsedimentary Altenburen fault zone 101
4.3.6 Dexbach area 104
4.3.6.1 Data base 104
4.3.6.2 Geological framework 106
4.4 Further areas with indications of synsedimentary faulting 113
4.5 Late Palaeozoic volcanism and hydrothermal activity and their
relation to synsedimentary fault zones 122
4.5.1 Devonian and Lower Carboniferous volcanism 122
4.5.2 Synsedimentary hydrothermal and exhalative activity 128
5 Present-Day Expression of Major Synsedimentary Fault Zones of the
Rhenish Massif 129
5.1 Lineaments of the Rhenish Massif 129
5.1.1 Definition and general characteristics 129
5.1.2 Lineaments of the Rhenish Massif (description) 131
5.2 Metamorphism 137
5.2.1 Illite crystallinity 138
5.2.1.1 Theoretical basis (synopsis) 139
5.2.1.2 Sampling, preparation and analysis 141
5.2.1.3 Results 141
5.2.2 Coalification 147
5.3 Geophysical data 153
5.3.1 Geomagnetic field 153
5.3.2 Gravity field 156
5.3.3 Seismic data 158
6 Model for the Formation of Synsedimentary Fault Systems in the Rhenish
Basin 161
III Sediment-Hosted Submarine Hydrothermal Mineralizations-
Characteristics, Structural Setting, Genetic Aspects 175
1 Formation of SEDEX Mineralizations and their Relation to Syasedimentary
Faulting 175
1.1 Characterization of SEDEX deposits 175
1.2 The significance of synsedimentary faulting in the formation of SEDEX
mineralizations 193
1.3 Metalliferous hydrothermal systems of sedimentary basins - a data
compilation and discussion with specific consideration of the Meggen
hydrothermal system 203
1.3.1 Formation and physicochemical characteristics 203
1.3.2 Geochemical fingerprints of the Meggen hydrothermal system 209
1.3.2.1 Data acquisition 211
1.3.2.2 Results 215
1.3.3 Chemical and mineralogical characteristics of the Meggen orebody
and the possible source of the metals 228
2 SEDEX-Type and Related Mineralizations of the Rhenish Massif 231
2.1 Types of submarine-hydrothermal mineralizations, temporal and
spatial distribution 231
2.2 SEDEX mineralizations 235
2.2.1 Meggen 235
2.2.2 Hachen basin 243
2.2.3 Plettenberg-Affeln 243
2.2.4 Oberhundem 249
2.2.5 Gunterod 254
2.3 Pyrite and barite mineralizations related to volcanism 258
2.3.1 Pyrite occurrences associated with Lahn-Dill-type hematite
mineralizations 258
2.3.2 Lohrheim 261
2.3.3 Eisen 262
IV Characterization of a SEDEX-bearing Synsedimentary Fault System 266
References 270
Appendix 294