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The Zebra Mussel Dreissena polymorpha

Ed.: Dietrich Neumann; Henk A. Jenner

1992. 1. edition, X, 262 pages, 115 figures, 40 tables, 17x24cm, 650 g
Language: English

(Limnologie Aktuell, Band 4)

ISBN 978-3-510-53002-1, paperback, price: 70.00 €

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English Description top ↑

The zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha combines the properties of a competent and useful freshwater indicator species because of its wide geographic distribution in static and running waters, its high fecundity and its continuous availability throughout the year. In consequence, a considerable interest in basic ecological research, indicator studies and ecotoxology was focused on this mussel in recent years.

In Part I of this volume, ecological aspects of zebra mussel populations are presented. Detailed knowledge on growth, seasonal reproduction and natural mortality are prerequisites for biological monitoring studies. In Part II, both the sensitivity and effectiveness of biological monitoring systems of Dreissena are described, such as systems in active effect biomonitoring for heavy metals or organochlorines, or in early-warning-systems for the continuous biological control of running waters. The book demonstrates how basic and applied ecological research can manage together leading to prospecting applications in the control of river ecosystems.

English Preface top ↑

Preface
In spring 1988 - about one year after the Sandoz accident in the River Rhine at the Swiss Germany frontier - limnologists and hydrobiologists were discussing the ecological impact of chemical accidents on macro-invertebrates in river systems. In his concluding remarks the president of the German Association of Limnologists, G. Friedrich, discussed gaps in knowledge and research of phytoplankton, macrobenthos and fish fauna, mentioned the problems of the measurement of toxic substances and their control and further discussed the difficulties in restoring large rivers so that regrowth of populations of aquatic organisms can be properly assessed. As one of the interesting species Dreissena polymorpha') was mentioned which is found in high numbers both in static and flowing waters. Research on the ecology and ecotoxicology of Dreissena has been going on for years in Germany, France and the Netherlands. On the 3rd and 4th January 1991, research groups and individual scientists held a workshop in the field laboratory of the Zoological Institute of the University of Cologne, situated on the banks of the River Rhine at Grietherbusch. The main were 'state of the art' in population dynamics, ecophysiology, ecotoxicology and biomonitoring and to make an inventory of unsolved questions.
The participants decided during the workshop evaluation to produce written presentations each to form a section of this special issue of ``Limnologie aktuell''. English was chosen as the language for the written presentations so the information would be available to a wider audience, not only in Europe but also in the United States and Canada, were Dreissena is rapidly colonising the Great Lakes following its introduction in 1985. This issue dealing with the macrobenthos species Dreissena could be an example of how basic and applied ecological research can manage together leading to prospecting applications in the control of river ecosystems.

Vorwort (deutsch) top ↑

Im Frühjahr 1988 - gut ein Jahr nach dem Sandoz-Störfall am Rhein - diskutierten Limnologen und Hydrobiologen über die ökologischen Auswirkungen von Chemieunfällen auf die Makroinvertebraten von Fließgewässern. In einer abschließenden Resolution betonte G. Friedrich als Präsident der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Limnologie, daß erhebliche Forschungsdefizite über das Phytoplankton, das Makrozoobenthos und die Fischfauna bestehen, um in den großen Flüssen die Wiederausbreitung der Tierarten und die Probleme des Stoffhaushaltes, der Schad toffbelastung sowie der Sanierung besser beurteilen zu können. Als eine der besonders interessanten Bioindikator-Arten wurde die Muschel Dreissena polymorpha (englisch: zebra mussel; deutsch: Wandermuschel, Dreikantmuschel, Zebramuschel; französisch: moule zebree; niederländisch: driehoeksmossel; polnisch: Racicznica zmienna) genannt, die sowohl in stehenden als auch in fließenden Gewässern in hohen Populationsdichten auftreten kann. Uber die Ökologie und Ökotoxikologie von Dreissena sowie über mögliche Bioindikationsverfahren mit dieser Muschel laufen seit einer Reihe von Jahren zahlreiche
Untersuchungen in den Niederlanden, in Frankreich und in Deutschland. Am 3. und 4. Januar 1991 trafen sich daher Arbeitsgruppen aus diesen drei Ländern in der Außenstelle des Zoologischen Instituts der Universität zu Köln am Unteren Niederrhein, um die bisherigen Ergebnisse über Verbreitungsgeschichte, Ökophysiologie, Populationsdynamik, Ökotoxikologie und Biomonitoring zusammenzufassen und ungelöste Fragen offen zu legen.
Die Teilnehmer dieses Workshops haben sich entschlossen, den derzeitigen Stand der Forschungen in dieser Schriftenreihe darzustellen. Die englisch-sprachige Veröffentlichung wurde gewählt, um einen möglichst großen Leserkreis zu erreichen, nicht nur in Europa, sondern auch in den Vereinigten Staaten, wo sich Dreissena seit 1985 in den Großen Seen rasant ausbreitet. Dieser Band über eine ausgewählte Makrozoobenthos-Art möge ein Beispiel dafür sein, daß ökologische Grundlagenforschung und anwendungsorientierte ökologische Studien zusammen auf vielversprechende Verfahren bei der biologischen Uberwachung von Fließgewässer-Ökosystemen führen können.

Table of Contents top ↑

Contents
Introduction
NEUMANN, D. & JENNER, H.A.: Studies on the Ecology and Ecotoxicology of the
Zebra Mussel Biogeography, Physiological Ecology, Population Ecology and Water
Quality Management 1
KINZELBACH, R.: The Main Features of the Phylogeny and Dispersal of the Zebra
Mussel Dreissena polymorpha 5
SPRUNG, M.: Observations on Shell Growth and Mortality of Dreissena
polymorpha
in Lakes 19
BORCHERDING, J. & DE RUYTER VAN STEVENINCK, E.D.: Abundance and Growth of
Dreissena polymorpha Larvae in the Water Column of the River Rhine
During Downstream Transportation 29
CLEVEN, E.-J. & FRENZEL, P.: Populations Dynamics and Production of
Dreissena in the River Seerhein, the Outlet of Lake Constance 45
JANTZ, B. & NEUMANN, D: Shell Growth and Population Dynamics of Dreissena
polymorpha in the River Rhine 49
BIJ DE VAATE, A., GREIJDANUS-KLAAS, M. & SMIT, H.: Densities and Biomass of
Zebra Mussels in the Dutch Part of the Lower Rhine 67
SMIT, H. & DUDOK VAN HEEL, E.: Methodical Aspects of Allometric Biomass
Determination of Dreissena polymorpha Agggregations 79
BORCHERDING, J.: Morphometric Changes in Relation to the Annual Reproductive
Cycle in Dreissena polymorpha - a Prerequisite for Biomonitoring Studies with
Zebra Mussels 87
NOORDHUIS, R., REEDERS, H.H. & BIJ DE VAATE, A.: Filtration Rate and
Pseudofaeces Production in Zebra Mussels and their Application in Water
Quality Management 101
Ecotexicology, Monitoring and Specimen Banking
JENNER, H.A.: Valve Movement Behaviour of the Mussel Dreissena
polymorpha
and the Clam Unio pictorum for Use in an Early Warning
System 115
BORCHERDING, J.: Another Early Warning System for the Detection of Toxic
Discharges in the Aquatic Environment Based on Valve Movements of the
Freshwater Mussel Dreissena polymorpha 127
MOUABAD, A. & PIHAN, J.C.: The Pumping Behaviour Response of Dreissena
polymorpha
to Pollutants. A Method for Toxicity Screening 147
JANSSEN, H.H., MÖLLER, H., VON LANDWUST, C. & HEEGER, T.: Pollution Effect
Monitoring at the Histological Level Using Dreissena polymorpha 155
HANSEN, P.-D.: Phagocytosis in Mytilus edulis, a System for
Understanding the Sublethal Effects of Anthropogenic Pollutants and the Use of
AOX as an Integrating Parameter for the Study of Equilibria Between
Chlorinated Organics in Dreissena polymorpha Following Long-term
Exposures. 171
REINCKE, H.: Biological Effect Monitoring in the River Elbe Using the Zebra
Mussel Dreissena polymorpha 185
BUSCH, D., LUCKER, T., SCHIRMER, M. & WOSNIOK, W.: The Application of the
Bivalve Dreissena polymorpha for Biomonitoring Routine of Heavy Metals
in Rivers 197
VAN DER VELDE, G., VAN DER GAAG, R. & JENNER, H.A.:
Cadmium, Zinc and Copper in the Body, Byssus and Shell of the Brackish
Water Mussel, Mytilopsis leucophaeta and the Zebra Mussel, Dreissena
polymorpha
in the Noordzeekanaal of The Netherlands 213
MERSCH, J., JEANJEAN, A., SPOR, H. & PIHAN, J.-C.: The Freshwater Mussel
Dreissena polymorpha as a Bioindicator for Trace Metals,
Organochlorines and Radionuclides 227
GIESE, F. & KRUGER, A.: Biomonitoring of Organochlorines in Surface Waters of
Berlin and the Lake Stechlin 245
KLEIN, R. & ALTMEYER, M.:
The Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) as a Specimen in the
Environmental Specimen Banking Programme of the Federal Republic of
Germany 255
Keyword Index 263