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Georg Scheer; C. S. Gopinadha Pillai:

Report on the stony corals from the Red Sea

1983. V, 198 pages, 5 figures, 41 plates, 23x30cm, 1100 g
Language: English

(Zoologica, Heft 133)

ISBN 978-3-510-55019-7, paperback, price: 137.00 €

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Keywords

zoology coral stony Red Sea

Contents

Inhaltsbeschreibung top ↑

Ein historischer Überblick über die Erforschung der Korallen des Roten Meeres reicht von den ersten Korallenabbildungen von T. Shaw (1738) bis zu H. Fricke's Unterwasserboot, mit dem er 1981 bis 200 m Tiefe tauchte und Korallen sammelte. Insgesamt standen für den systematischen Teil des vorliegenden Berichts 2074 Korallen zur Verfügung, die 194 Arten aus 70 Gattungen zugeordnet werden konnten. Von diesen waren 161 Arten aus 51 Gattungen mit 1976 Exemplaren Riffkorallen. Der Rest, 33 Arten aus 19 Gattungen mit 98 Exemplaren waren ahermatypische Korallen. Alle 194 Arten werden beschrieben, ihre Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse erörtert und ihre geographische Verbreitung angegeben. 176 Arten sind abgebildet. Vier Arten werden neu beschrieben und 22 Arten erstmals im Roten Meer festgestellt.

Content Description top ↑

A historical survey on Red Sea coral research covers the period from the first coral illustration of T.Shaw (1738) to H.Fricke's submersile, which he used in 1981 to drive down to a depth of 200 m and to collect corals. The systematic part of the present report deals with altogether 2074 corals that were ascribes to 194 species from 70 genera. Of these, 161 species from 51 genera with 1976 specimens are reef corals. The remainder, 33 species from 19 genera with 98 specimens are ahermatypic corals. All 194 species are described, their affinities discussed, and information is given about their geographical distribution. 176 species are figured. Four species are described as new to science, and 22 species were found for the first time in the Red Sea.

Table of Contents top ↑

I. Introduction 1
1. Research work on reef corals and coral reefs in the Red Sea 1
2. Provenance and localities of the corals 7
3. Annotations on the synonymy lists 16
II. Systematic description of the colleeted corals 17
1. Suborder Astrocoeniina 17
Family Thamnasteriidae 17
Genus Psammocora 17
Family Astrocoeniidae 20
Genus Stylocoeniella 20
Family Pocilloporidae 21
Genus Stylophora 21
Genus Seriatopora 26
Genus Pocillopora 29
Genus Madracis 31
Family Acroporidae 32
Genus Astraeopora 32
Genus Acropora 33
Genus Montipora 48
2. Suborder Fungiina 59
Superfamily Agariciicae 59
Family Agariciidae 59
Genus Pavona 59
Genus Leptoseris 65
Genus Gardineroseris 69
Genus Pachyseris 70
Family Siderastreidae 72
Genus Siderastrea 72
Genus Coscinaraea 73
Superfamily Fungiicae 74
Family Fungiidae 74
Genus Cycloseris 74
Genus Fungia 78
Genus Ctenactis 85
Genus Herpolitha 87
Genus Podabacia 87
Superfamily Poriticae 88
Family Poritidae 88
Genus Alveopora 88
Genus Goniopora 91
Genus Porites 96
3. Suborder Faviina 103
Family Faviidae 103
Subfamily Faviinae 103
Genus Caulastrea 103
Genus Erythrastrea 104
Genus Favia 105
Genus Favites 113
Genus Goniastrea 119
Genus Platygyra 122
Genus Leptoria 126
Genus Oulophyllia 127
Genus Hydnophora 127
Subfamily Montastreinae 129
Genus Diploastrea 129
Genus Leptastrea 130
Genus Cyphastrea 133
Genus Echinopora 135
Genus Plesiastrea 138
(Genus Montastrea) 139
Family Trachyphylliidae 139
Genus Trachyphyllia 139
Family Rhizangiidae 140
Genus Culicia 140
Genus Phyllangia 141
Family Oculinidae 141
Genus Galaxea 141
(Genus Acrhelia) 143
Family Merulinidae 143
Genus Merulina 143
Family Mussidae 144
Genus Cynarina 144
Genus Lobophyllia 145
Genus Acanthastrea 147
Genus Blastomussa 149
(Genus Parascolymia) 151
Family Pectiniidae 151
Genus Mycedium 151
Genus Echinophyllia 152
Genus Oxypora 153
4. Suborder Caryophyllina 154
Superfamily Caryophylliicae 154
Family Caryophylliidae 154
Subfamily Caryophyllinae 154
Genus Caryophyllia 154
Genus Trochocyathus 155
Genus Deltocyathus 156
Genus Polycyathus 156
Genus Heterocyathus 157
Subfamily Desmophyllinae 158
Genus Dactylotrochus 158
Subfamily Parasmiliinae 159
Genus Parasmilia 159
Genus Solenosmilia 160
Genus Dasmosmilia 160
Subfamily Eusmiliinae 160
Genus Euphyllia 161
Genus Pleorogyra 162
Genus Physogyra 163
Genus Gyrosmilia 163
Superfamily Flabellicae 164
Family Flabellidae 164
Genus Flabeilum 164
Genus Rhizotrochus 164
Genus Javania 165
5. Suborder Dendrophylliina 166
Family Dendrophylliidae 166
Genus Balanophyllia 167
Genus Rhizopsammia 169
Genus Dendrophyllia 170
Genus Tubastraea 173
Genus Turbinaria 176
III. Annex 178
Acknowledgments 178
Abstract 179
Zusammenfassung 180
Bibliography 181
Index for the systematic part 190
Plates