The Zechstein Basin with Emphasis on Carbonate Sequences

Ed.: Hans Füchtbauer; T. Peryt

1980. 328 pages, 168 figures, 5 tables, 16x24cm, 700 g
Language: English

(Contributions to Sedimentary Geology, Volume 9)

ISBN 978-3-510-57009-6, paperback, price: 59.00 €

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Synopsis top ↑

The Upper Permian Zechstein basin of Central and North-Western Europe became a model of chemical precipitation of evaporites several decades ago and as such is a classical one in the literature. Due to the initial success of the chemical approach to the evaporites, sedimentary aspects were but rarely discussed, similarly as in other ancient carbonate/evaporite basins. The studies in the last decade revealed the value of looking at evaporites as sediments rather than as chemical precipitates, and this approach resulted in a rapid increase of sedimentological observations and papers. Two basins attracted special attention: the Miocene basin of the Mediterranean and the Upper Silurian basin of Michigan. This volume presents papers on the third ancient carbonate/evaporite basin which was often referred to in the works on the two men- tioned basins.

The thick cyclical Zechstein evaporite series (up to 1500 m and more) lies between thick red clastic deposits of mainly desert origin of the Upper Rotliegendes (Lower Permian) at the bottom and the similar series of the Buntsandstein (Lower Triassic) deposits at the top. Due to the cyclicity, the characteristical Zechstein members are easily correlated over the basin and furthermore, one may expect that the conclusions reached from the sedimentological study of particular sites within the Zechstein basin have general implications.

Apart from the limited well-exposed outcrops representing mainly the primary near-shore zone with classical buildups in England and Thuringia, the majority of information derives from the sub-surface. As the three-dimensional characteristics are well defined, such situation favours the sedimentary modelling. Therefore, when this book was at an initial stage of its editing, we planned to complete it with a summary, being a synthesis of developments in the Zechstein sedimentology, and presenting the general sedimentological model of carbonate/evaporite basin development. But although our knowledge of the sedimentary evolution, of particular parts of the Zechstein basin, of the diagenesis in evaporitic sequences, of the depositional environment as well as of some general points has been considerably increased, many important problems remained and new arose.

Table of Contents top ↑

Füchtbauer, H. 8: Peryt, T.M.: Introduction (with 1 figure in the text) 1
Smith, D.B.: The shelf-edge reef of the Middle Magnesian Limestone
(English Zechstein Cycle 1) of north-eastern England —— a summary
(with 1 figure in the text) 3
Smith, D.B.: The evolution of the English Zechstein basin (with 2
figures and 1 table in the text) 7
Fuzesy, L.M.: Origin of nodular limestones, calcium sulphates and
dolomites in the Lower Magnesian Limestone in the neighbourhood of
Selby, Yorkshire, England (with 3 figures in the text) 35
Kaldi, J.: The origin of nodular structures in the Lower Magnesian
Limestone (Permian) of Yorkshire, England (with 8 figures and 1 table
in the text) 45
Harwood, G.M.: Calcitized anhydrite and associated sulphides in the
English Zechstein First Cycle Carbonate (EZl Ca) (with 8 figures in
the text) 61
Vaughan, D.J. & Turner, R: Diagenesis, magnetization and
mineralization of the Marl Slate (with 10 figures in the text) 73
Taylor, J.C.M.: Origin of the Werraanhydrit in the U.K. Southern North
Sea — a reappraisal (with 8 figures in the text) 91
Colter, V.S. & Reed, G.E.: Zechstein 2 Fordon Evaporites of the Atwick
No. 1 borehole, surrounding areas of N .E. England and the adjacent
southern North Sea (with 4 figures in the text and on 1 folder) 115
Clark, D.N.: The sedimentology of the Zechstein 2 Carbonate Formation
of Eastern Drenthe, The Netherlands (with 28 figures in the text and
on 1 folder) 131
Clark, D.N.: The diagenesis of Zechstein carbonate sediments (with 19
figures and 1 table in the text) 167
Clark, D.N. & Tallbacka, L.: The Zechstein deposits of southern
Denmark (with 24 figures in the text and on 1 folder) 205
Füchtbauer, H.: Composition and diagenesis of a stromatolitic bryozoan
bioherm in the Zechstein 1 (northwestern Germany) (with 9 figures in
the text) 233
Paul, J.: Upper Permian algal stromatolite reefs, Harz Mountains
(FR. Germany) (With 14 figures in the text) 253
Magaritz, M. 8: Schulze, K.-H.: Carbon isotope anomaly of the Permian
Period (with 5 figures in the text) 269
Peryt, T.M. & Wazny, H.: Microfacies and geochemical development of
the basin facies of the Zechstein Limestone (Cal) in western Poland
(with 16 figures and 1 table in the text) 279
Oszczepalski, S.: Paleogeography, sedimentation and mineralization of
the Z1 carbonate series (Zechstein) in the western part of the
Fore-Sudetic Monocline (western Poland) (with 9 figures and 1 table in
the text) 307
Index 325