Synopsis top ↑
Identification keys to all species occurring in the Mediterranean and to those of the East Atlantic and the northern part of the Read Sea are provided. In the course of this study three new species, i. e. Harmothoe bellani Barnich & Fiege, 200, Malmgreniella polypapillata Barnich & Fiege, 2001, Eunoe tuerkayi n. sp., and a new genus, Neolagisca Barnich & Fiege, 200 are described and 17 new records of species formerly known from the Atlantic and the Red Sea are reported. Together these two groups represent 30.3 % of the species present.
The aphroditoidean fauna of the Mediterranean is closely related to the Eastern Atlantic fauna with 56 common species (84.8 %). Four species (6.1%) also occur in the Red Sea with two of them being likely Lessepsian migrants, representing the first recorded among scale worms. Only six species (9.1%) of Aproditoidea have to be considered endemic to the Mediterranean for the time being, thus representing a much lower number than those reported for many other taxa.