Mineral resources' extraction, environmental protection and land-use planning in the industrial and developing countries

Reports on a seminar of Carl Duisberg Gesellschaft and Subcomm. on maps of environmental geology (SC-MEG) Oct. 8-15, 1985 Berlin

Ed.: Peter Arndt; Gerd W. Lüttig

1988. X, 337 pages, 108 figures, 24 tables, 17x24cm, 850 g
Language: English

ISBN 978-3-510-65132-0, paperback, price: 50.00 €

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mineral resourcesenvironmental protectionland-useindustrial countrydeveloping countryCarl Duisberg Gesellschaft


Content Description top ↑

In the last few decades access to the natural resources has taken on alarming proportions due to the increase in the world population and the consumption of natural resources. Although many who made prognoses and spoke about the exhaustibility of these natural resources were fortunately wrong, a number of shortages do show that we have to handle these natural goods carefully.

The concern about the future of mankind has brought together scientists involved with investigating, increasing and releasing the natural environment's potential and representatives of environmental protection who often complain about the ruthless impact on natural landscapes, biological communities and the space available for human beings. The dialogue with those responsible for land-use planning has begun. Every level of continuing and intensifying this must be taken advantage of. Since nations characterized by their industrialization and those still developing have moved closer together economically and ethnologically, it is evident that it is necessary in all parts of this world to search for ways of eliminating conflicts between resource extraction and the utilization of soil, water and the biosphere on one hand and environmental protection on the other. In solving conflicts, the maps that translate geoscientific and other findings into recommendations regional planners can understand have proven useful.

In this volume the problems to be discussed are presented; the contributions introduce general and then specific problems before the representatives of the industrial nations and then those of the developing countries express themselves. At the end, an attempt is made to arrive at conclusions for the three professional fields represented.

Contents top ↑

Foreword III
1. Introduction 1
2. General contributions 7

Approach to the problems of mineral resources' extraction, environmental
protection, and land-use planning in the industrial and
developing countries by G. W. Lüttig 7
Geology, biology, and Man — A discussion of ecology, palaeo-ecology
and the planning of the geoenvironment by L.-K. Königsson 15
Geosciences in conflict: Provision of resources versus protection of
environment by J. Schneider 29
3. Selected topics 47

Groundwater resources' use in developing countries and consequences for
environment and planning by E. Böckh 47

Marine mineral resources' extraction in coastal areas and its impact
on the environment and consequences for land-use by R. H. Charlier 53
4. Reginal reports from the industrialized countries 71

Tasks and methods of the National Academy for Regional Research
and Regional Planning by K. Haubner 71

Spatial management and regional planning in the Federal Republic of
Germany by G. Tönnies 73

Examples of maps for the planning process by V. Wille 83

Mineral resources' extraction: Water — The Algerian example by B.
Steenstra 99

An introduction to the legend of the Geoscientific Map of the Natural
Environment's Potential (GMNEP) of Lower Saxony and Bremen by J. D.
Becker-Platen, M. Dorn & E.-R. Look 119

Recent development in environmental geology in The Netherlands by
E. F. J. de Mulder 127

Development of geological maps for land-use planning in Norway by
F. C. Wolff 137

The environmental map system of the University of Cantabria, Spain
by A. Cendrero & J. R. D. de Terân 149

1:50000 Maps of the Natural Environmental Potential of the CSSR
by B. Moldan, I. Cicha, J. Bednar, J. Cadek, J. Jetel, J. Kovanda,
M. Opletal, J. Pokorny, M. Tomasek, J. Vesely, V. Volsan,
M. Zeman & J. Zikmund 183

Raw materials exploitation plan Olsted excavation area
by G. Johansen 197

Restoration of sand and gravel workings, aftercare and land-use after
restoration by E. Thorsen 213

Land-use planning accounting for geological factors by
Y. A. Chernegov 225

Methodology of studying and predicting geological environmental state by
M. S. Galitsin, M. M. Maximov, V. N. Ostrovsky & M. P. Polkanov 233
5. Regional reports from the developing countries 243

Togo, its geopotential and attempts for land-use planning — A case
study by L. K. Allaglo, A. Aregba, N. C. D'Almeida, E. Y. Gu-Konu,
K. Kounetsron & K. F. Seddoh 243

Approach of a methodology for drawing up a habitability map in Morocco
by A. Hafdi 271

The activities of the Water Resources Division in the Arab Center for
Studies of Arid Zones and Dry Land, Syria, by R. Rajab 279

Geoscientific maps in land-use planning in India by K. C. C. Raju 281

A study on environmental and Quaternary geology of Thailand by
T. Japakasetr 299

Land-use, environment and construction materials in Indonesia by
E. J. Patty & S. Wongsosentono 303

Mineral exploration, geological mapping and land-use planning in
Columbia by J. A. Buenaventura 313

Land-use planning in Uruguay by J. H. A. de Leon 317
6. Conclusions: Geology versus mineral, groundwater and soil resources'
management — Approach to the public — Education and training questions —
Types and acceptance of geopotential maps — Outlook by G. W. Lüttig 319
Appendix: CDG: Collaboration among geosciences and resource industry is
imperative 332
List of contributors / Index 333