Transformation processes in the Western Ukraine

Concepts for a sustainable land use

Ed.: Mechthild Roth; Ralph Nobis; Valentin Stetsiuk; Ivan Kruhlov

2008. 602 pages, 185 figures, 140 tables, 1 CD-ROM, 19x27cm, 1690 g
Language: English

ISBN 978-3-510-65330-0, bound, price: 59.50 €

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Western Ukrainesustainable land useDnister Basin


Synopsis top ↑

As a result of the Earth Summit held in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro, the Agenda 21, an action plan to improve the conditions of the environment and to ensure the sustainable development was signed. Due to the complex restructuring of economy and administration the transformation countries in the former Eastern Bloc are still at the beginning of the process which results in the implementation of sustainability in the further development of the society. One of the most important factors that cause the slow pace of the implementation process is the lack of scientifically based concepts of sustainable use of natural resources, that simultaneously ensure the economic wealth of the population. Of special importance in this context are the rural cultural landscapes of Ukraine that are characterised by agricultural use and forestry and a high nature conservation value. They will probably undergo severe alterations due to an increasing influence of a global market economy.

In the frame of a multidisciplinary research-project, that was financed by the BMBF and run under the patronage of the UNESCO, a collective of Ukrainian and German scientists developed sustainability concepts of rural landscapes in the Western Ukraine. The studies were carried out in the Upper Dnister Basin, a river system, whose fluvial topography is representative for large parts of the Western Ukraine and moreover for other mountainous areas of Central Eastern Europe. Within the Upper Dnister Basin three model regions (Carpathians, Precarpathians, Podolian Plate) were selected. The concepts of sustainability are based on the data assessment of e. g. natural site conditions, biodiversity, land use systems, and sociodemography. The focus of the research project was laid on agricultural land use, forestry and flood regime including their economic aspects.

Contents top ↑

List of Authors 7
Preface 13
The “Dnister Project” – Targets and Characteristics of the Investigation
Area 17
M. Roth, J. Tsaryk, I. Kruhlov and R. Nobis
Transformation Processes in Eastern Europe
Transformation Processes in Middle Eastern and Eastern European
Countries. Experiences, Comparisons and their Effects on Rural Areas 25
R. Nobis
Special Problems of Transformation in the Ukraine 31
Y. Stadnytskyi and R. Nobis
Political Development and Current Problems in Ukrain 43
J. Durkot
Alterations in European Landscapes Forest Landscapes in Europe 51
N. Weber
Agricultural Dominated Landscapes 61
U. Riecken and G. Kaule
Changes in European River Landscapes 67
R. Nobis
The Upper Dnister Basin: Development and Present State
of Landscape and Land Use Systems

Geologic and Geomorphologic Overview of the Upper Dnister Basin 75
M. Huhmann and H. Brückner
Natural Geoecosystems of the Upper Dnister Basin 81
I. Kruhlov, B. Mukha and B. Senchyna
Topoclimate of the Upper Dnister Basin: Consequences for Crop Cultivation 99
B. Mukha
Late Pleistocene and Holocene Landscape Evolution of the Upper Dnister Valley 105
M. Huhmann and H. Brückner
The Hydrologic Regime of the Upper Dnister Basin 113
I. Kovalchuk and A. Mykhnovych
Current Problems of Water Management in the Upper Dnister
Basin 125
I. Kovalchuk, A. Mykhnovych, J. Quast, J. Steidl and V. Ehlert
Utilisation and Over-exploitation of Fish Resources in Selected
Areas of the Upper Dnister Basin 137
V. Lesnik and E. Korte
Land Use History 145
V. Stetsyuk
Current Land Use Structure of the Upper Dnister Basin and Recent Changes
in the Model Communities 155
R. Ressl, W. Endlicher, S. Lehmann, B. Baruth, B. Bosch and G. Rosenthal
Effects of Transformation Processes in Crop Cultivation 171
P. Kazmir, M. Drozdyak †, M. Kit and L. Kazmir
Recommendations for the Development of Animal Husbandry and Pasture Management in the Model Community Verkhniy Luzhok: Economical and Socioeconomical Aspects 181
O. Bitter, M. Bomba, Y. Tsaryk, L. Buhryn and B. Bulka
oil Erosion: Possibilities for Soil Protection 191
M. Huhmann, M. Kit, H. Brückner, S. Poznyak and I. Shpakivska
Chemical Pollution and Environmental Standards 207
W. Kuhrt
The State of Forests from a Vegetational and Silvicultural Point of View and their Evaluation with Regard to Nature Conservation 223
P. A. Schmidt, P. T. Yashchenko, T. Glaser, M.V. Cherniavskyi and Y. V. Henyk
Species and Functional Diversity of Soil-dwelling Invertebrates in Forest Ecosystems of the Upper Dnister Basin – Evaluation
of Anthropogenic Effects 235
M. Roth, M. Kozlowsky, V. Rizun, N. Bräsicke
Assessment of the Current Status of Forests in the Upper Dnister Basin as a Base for the Development of Concepts for a Multifunctional Forestry 251
A.W. Bitter and B. Koffinke
Evaluation of the Nature Conservation Values of Habitat Types in the Cultural Landscape of the Upper Dnister Basin – Grasslands 263
G. Rosenthal and L. Tasenkevych
Evaluation of the Nature Conservation Values of Habitat Types in the Cultural Landscape of the Upper Dnister Basin – Ecotones 277
R. Nobis, U. Riecken, A. Donning and M. Roth
Grazing Effects on the Nature Conservation Value of Pastures
in the Carpathians 291
J. Tsaryk, V. Kyyak, I. Horban, I. Tsaryk and O. Reshetylo
The Effects of Anthropogenic Changes on Breeding Birds and Amphibians in the Upper Dnister Basin 297
I. Horban, A. Bokotey, L. Horban and M. Roth
Protected Areas and an Action Plan for Nature Conservation in the Upper Dnister Basin 309
S. Stojko
Ukrainian Tribes in the Ukrainian Carpathians and their Traditions321
V. Stetsiuk
Social and Demographical Aspects in Rural Areas of Carpathians
and Precarpathians 329
B. Bosch, V. Kravtsiv and W. Endlicher
The Natural Potential and Problems of Sustainable Development
of the Carpathian Region 341
I. Kolodiychuk
Sectoral Concepts for Sustainable Land Use Systems
and Integrative Planning

Goals of Landscape Development and Nature Conservation 345
G. Rosenthal, I. Yatsiv, I. Horban, V. Kravtsiv, M. Roth and R. Nobis
Perspectives of a Sustainable Forestry from Ecological and Economical Points of View 355
A.W. Bitter, P. A. Schmidt, A. M. Deineka, T. Glaser, B. Koffinke, P. T. Yashchenko, M. V. Cherniavskyi and Y. V. Henyk
Scaled Agro-ecological Classification of the Ukraine AEC-UA 371
M. Kit, B. Holz and I. Shpakivska
The Sustainability of Agricultural Land Use 389
Opening up Additional Branches of Agriculture: Recommodations
for the Model Communities 409
I. Yatsiv
Economic Use of Ecotones with High Nature Conservation Value 419
R. Nobis, U. Riecken, I. Yatsiv and I. Horban
Concepts of the Sustainable Water Use and Flood Protection in the Upper Dnister Floodplain 431
I. Kovalchuk, J. Quast, A. Mykhnovych, J. Steidl, V. Ehlert and Y. Andreychuk
From Sector Evaluation to Integrated Land Use Planning 441
G. Kaule and B. Holz
The Potential of Tourism in Western Ukraine 473
W. Kuhrt
General Framework and Technical Tools for the Implementation of Sustainability Concepts in the Western Ukraine
Legislative and Administrative Structures in Ukraine in the Context of the Implementation of Concepts for Sustainable Land Use 491
V. Kravtsiv
The Future Development of Agriculture in the Western Ukraine: Ukraine Joining the WTO and European Integration 499
I. Yatsiv
The Adaptation of Ukrainian Legislation to the Law of the European Union with Regard to Environmental Protection 509
W. Kuhrt
Regional-political Structures and Administrative Organisation
in Ukraine 523
V. Kravtsiv and M. Dolishniy
The Dnister GIS: Design, Applications and Proposal in Regard
to its Further Implementation and Development 529
E. Tcherkezova
References 541
Subject index 579
Contents of the CD 599