Towards Sustainable Land Use

Furthering Cooperation Between People and Institutions
Volume I and II

Ed.: H.-P. Blume; H. Eger; E. Fleischhauer; A. Hebel; C. Reij; K.G. Steiner

1998. 1560 pages, 401 figures, 361 tables, Catena ISBN 978-3-923381-42-5, US-ISBN 1-59326-239-6, 17x24cm, 3190 g
Language: English

(Advances in Geoecology, Volume 31)

ISBN 978-3-510-65370-6, bound, price: 96.50 €

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land resourcesclimate changewaterwind erosionlandslidemodellingsoil


Synopsis top ↑

A number of contributions to this publication contain a wide variety of successful, practical and often innovative solutions for sustainable land use. Examples include improvements to soil quality in sites where the soil has already been degraded as well as precautions for soil protection. They should strengthen the international community in its commitment to further support programmes to improve land quality. National and sub-national governments should support financial and economic baseline studies on the implications of continued degradation, and use the results to design appropriate policy responses in, for example, support to extension, research marketing facilities and related programmes in healthcare, education, etc. Transboundary eco-regional land conservation and basin-wide watershed development can be facilitated under the auspices of international conventions, action programmes or regional frameworks. "Prevention" should be the leading principle in soil conservation policy, since "rehabilitation" is extremely difficult and often not possible at all, once symptoms of soil degradation are detected.
From a global point of view, the balance of the successes achieved in combating soil degradation in comparison to the deteriorations in soil quality occurring at other sites has been negative for quite some time. Therefore, on the one hand, efforts to implement sustainable forms of land management appropriate to a particular site and for the development and trials of new and innovative approaches must continue to be intensified. On the other hand, the dissemination of knowledge about responsible land management to land users and to broad sections of the population must be further improved.

Table of Contents - Volume I top ↑

F. Holzwarth & H.-P. Blume
Policies for sustainable land use
R. Süßmuth
Protecting the soil and preserving it for future generations I
A. Merkel
Striving for sustainable land use - A challenge for all countries - III
C.-D. Spranger
Food security and poverty alleviation Essentials for
sustainable land use and development - VIII
E. Dowdeswell
Extent and impacts of soil degradation on a world-wide scale XI
Chief Leonard Little Finger
Cecilia Violet Makota-Mahlangeni
Two voices from the grass roots XVI
E. Fleischhauer & H. Eger
Can sustainable land use be achieved? - An introductory view on
scientific and political issues - XIX
Part I: Soil degradation - diagnosis, appraisal and reversing
measures 1

A. Hebei
Introduction 1
Chapter 1: Soil functions and land quality indicators 3
C.R. De Kimpe & B.P. Warkentin
Soil functions and the future of natural resources 3
T.F. Shaxson
Concepts and indicators for assessment of sustainable land use 11
Z. K. Filip
Soil quality assessment: An ecological attempt using microbiological
and biochemical procedures 21
O. Dilly & H.-P. Blume
Indicators to assess sustainable land use with reference to soil
microbiology 29
J. B. Aune & A. Massawe
Effects on soil management on economic return and
indicators of soil degradation in Tanzania: A modelling approach 37
F. De Graaff & J. W. Nibbering
Difficulties in monitoring and evaluating watershed development - a
case Study from East Java 45
O. Tietje, R. W. Scholz, A. Heitzer & O. Weber
Mathematical evaluation criteria 53
Chapter 2: Land resources information systems for
S.A. El-Swaify
Multiple objective decision making for land, water and environmental
management 63
H. Diestel, M. Hape & J.-M. Hecker
A conceptual framework for planning and implementing
water and soil conservation projects 73
K. Terytze & J. Müller
Harmonization of soil investigation methods within the framework of
cooperation with countries in central and eastern Europe 79
T. Oweis, A. Oberle & D. Prinz
Determination of potential sites and methods for
water harvesting in central Syria 83
V.I. Lyalko, L.D. Voulfson, A.L. Kotlyar, V.N. Shevchenko,
A.D. Ryabokonenko, K.-H. Marek & S. Oppitz
Application of remote sensing to assess soil moisture
capacity and depths of ground-water table in the Chernobyl disaster
area 89
B. Hornetz
Monitoring vegetation and soil degradation dynamics
in the semi-arid areas of northern Kenya 97
A. Castrignanò, M. Mazzoncini & L. Giugliarini
Spatial characterization of soil properties 105
P. Leinweber, C. Preu & C. Janku
Classification and properties of soils under different land uses in
south-west Sri Lanka 113
T. Schölten & P. Felix-Henningsen
Site properties and suitability of eroded Saprolites for reclamation
and agricultural use 121
R. Dilkova, G. Kerchev & M. Kercheva
Evaluating and grouping of soils according to their susceptibility to
anthropogenic degradation 125
F. Delgado & R. Lopez
Evaluation of soil degradation impact on the
productivity of Venezuelan soils 133
V. Stolbovoi & G. Fischer
A new digital georeferenced database of soil degradation in Russia 143
P. Zdruli, R. Almaraz & H. Eswaran
Developing land resource information for sustainable land use in Albania 153
D. Schaub & V. Prasuhn
A map on soil erosion on arable land as a planning tool for
sustainable land use in Switzerland 161
H. Vogel, J. Utermann, W. Eckelmann & F. Krone
The soil information system "FISBo BGR" for
soil protection in technical cooperation 169
Chapter 3: Soil alteration by climate change 175
J.M. Kimble, R. Lai & R.B. Grossman
Alteration of soil properties caused by climate change 175
R. Lai & J.M. Kimble
Soil conservation for mitigating the greenhouse effect 185
H.-W. Scharpenseel & E. M. Pfeiffer
Impacts of possible climate change
upon soils; some regional consequences 193
Victor R. Squires
Dryland soils: Their potential as a sink for carbon and as an agent in
mitigating climate change 209
W. Amelung, K. W. Flach, Xudong Zhang & W. Zech
Climatic effects on C pools of native and cultivated prairie
Xudong Zhang, W. Amelung & W. Zech
Can amino sugars serve as indicators of climate variations and land
use on soil organic matter? 225
R.M. Bajracharya, R. Lai & J.M. Kimble
Soil organic carbon dynamics under simulated rainfall as related to
erosion and management in central Ohio 231
H.R. Khan, U. Pfisterer & H.-P. Blume
Nitrous oxide, nitrate and ammonium dynamics as influenced by selected
environmental factors 239
Chapter 4: Water and wind erosion 247
C. W. Rose
Water and wind erosion - Causes, impacts and reversing
measures 247
Chapter 4.1: Water erosion 257
C. Huang, D.S. Gabbard, L.D. Norton & J.M. Laflen
Effects of hillslope hydrology and surface
condition on soil erosion 257
J.S. Samra
Assessment and concepts for the improvement of soils affected by water
erosion in India 263
P. Böhm
Scale-effects in the assessment of water erosion 271
K. Klima
Effect of mountain crop rotation on surface runoff, subsurface flow
and soil loss 279
Shi Xuezheng, Yu Dongsheng, Xing Tingyan & J. Breburda
Field plot measurement of erodibility factor K for soils
in subtropical China 285
Chapter 4.2: Wind erosion, landslides and
D. W. Fryrear
Mechanics, measurement and modeling of wind erosion 291
G.P. Glazunov
Potential hazard of wind erosion in regions
affected by Chernobyl's fallout 301
Y. Shao, R.K. Munro, L.M. Leslie & W.F. Lyons
A wind erosion model and its application to broad scale
wind erosion pattern assessment 307
L.-O. Westerberg & C. Christiansson
Landslides in East African highlands: Slope instability and its
interrelations with landscape characteristics and land use 317
D.K. McCool, J.A. Montgomery, A.J. Busacca & B.E. Frazier
Soil degradation by tillage movement 327
A. Merzouk & H. Dhman
Shifting land use and its implication on sediment yield in the Rif
Mountains (Morocco) 333
L. Laajili Ghezal, T. Aloui, M.A. Beji & S. Zekri
Optimisation of soil and water conservation techniques in a
watershed of the Tunisian semi-arid region 341
Chapter 4.3: Impacts of soil erosion on crop productivity 355
A. Tengberg, M. Stocking & S.C.F. Dechen
Soil erosion and crop productivity research in South
America 355
A. Moyo
The effect of soil erosion on soil productivity as
influenced by tillage: With special reference to clay and organic
matter losses 363
A.A.C. Salviano, S.R. Vieira & G. Sparovek
Erosion intensity and Crotalaria Juncea yield on a Southeast Brazilian
Ultisol 369
F.B.S. Kaihura, I.K. Kullaya, M. Kilasara, J.B. Aune, B.R. Singh &
R. Lai
Impact of soil erosion on soil productivity and crop yield in
Tanzania 375
Chapter 4.4: Measures to halt erosion 383
Chia-Chun Wu & A-Bih Wang
Soil loss and soil conservation measures on steep sloping
orchards 383
B. Jankauskas & G. Jankauskiene
The extent of soil degradation on hilly relief of western Lithuania
and antierosion agrophytocenoses 389
Z. Boli Baboule & E. Roose
Degradation of a sandy Alfisol and restoration of its productivity
under cotton/maize intensive cropping rotation in the wet savannah of
Northern Cameroon 395
U. Bosshart
Catchment discharge and suspended sediment transport
as indicators of the performance of physical soil and water
conservation in the Ethiopian Highlands 403
Chapter 5: Humus degradation and nutrient depletion 415
H. Tiessen, E. Cuevas & I.H. Salcedo
Organic matter stability and nutrient availability under
temperate and tropical conditions 415
M. Körschens
Soil organic matter and sustainable land use 423
G. Sparovek
Influence of organic matter and soil fauna on crop productivity and
soil restoration after simulated erosion 431
J.O. Agbenin
Quantifying soil fertility changes and degradation induced by
cultivation techniques in the Nigerian savanna 435
E.S. Costa, R.C. Luizao & F.J. Luizao
Soil microbial biomass and organic carbon in reforested sites degraded
by Bauxite mining in the Amazon 443
L. Reintam
Impact of intensive agriculture on changes in humus status and
chemical properties of arable Luvisols 451
Chapter 6: Combating desertification and salinisation 457
A. Ayoub
Degradation of dryland ecosystems: Assessments and suggested actions
to combat it 457
M. Akhtar
The impact of desertification on Sahelian
ecosystems - A case study from the Republic of Sudan 465
I. Szabolcs
Concepts, assessment and control of soils affected by salinization 469
J. Barros & P. Driessen
Quantifying soil salinity in a dynamic
simulation of crop growth and production 477
G. Xie, J. Breburda, A. Kollender-Szych & A. Battenfeld
Relations between soil salinity and
water quality as well as water balance in Yinbei Plain, PR China 485
M. Nitsch, R. Hoffmann, J. Utermann & L. Portillo
Soil salinization in the central Chaco of Paraguay: A consequence of
logging 495
M. Badraoui, B. Soudi, A. Merzouk, A. Farhat & A. M'Hamdi
Changes of soil qualities under pivot irrigation in the Bahira region
of Morocco: Salinization 503
M. M. Moukhtar, M. H. el Hakim & A.I.N. Abdel Aal
Drainage for soil conservation 509
Part II: Growing impacts of industrialised agriculture and
urbanisation on soils
H.-P. Blume
Introduction 515
Chapter 7: Compaction and surface sealing 517
B.D. Soane & C. van Ouwerkerk
Soil compaction: A global threat to sustainable land use 517
R. Horn
Assessment, prevention and rehabilitation of soil degradation caused
by compaction and surface sealing 527
C.J. Chartres & G. W. Greeves
The impact of soil seals and crusts on soil water balance and runoff
and their relationship with land management 539
A.M. Mouazen & M. Nemenyi
A finite element model of soil loosening by a subsoiler with respect
to soil conservation 549
A. F. Ferrero & G. Nigrelli
Influence of establishment and utilisation
techniques of hillside pastures on soil physical characteristics 557
H. Schulte-Karring, D. Schröder & H.-Chr. von Wedemeyer
Subsoil amelioration 565
J. Baumann, G. Werner & W. Molt
Reclamation of hardened volcanish ash soils in the central Mexican
highlands - their productivity and erodibility 573
D. Norton & K. Dontsova
Use of soil amendments to prevent soil surface sealing and control
erosion 581
K. Helming, M.J.M. Römkens & S.N. Prasad
Roughness and sealing effect on soil loss and infiltration on a low slope 589
N.M. El-Mowelhi, M.S.M. Abo Soliman, S.A. Abd El-Hafez £ S.A. Hassanin
Effect of different land preparation practices on crop production and
soil compaction 597
Chapter 8: The use of agrochemicals, manure and organic
wastes 607
S.E.A.T.M. van der Zee & F.A.M. de Haan
Monitoring, control and remediation of soil degradation by
agrochemicals, sewage sludge and composted municipial wastes 607
B. Kranz, W.D. Fugger, J. Kroschel & J. Sauerborn
The influence of organic manure on Striga
hermonthica (Del.) Benth. infestation in Northern Ghana 615
T.K. Haraldsen, V. Jansons, A. Spricis, R. Sudars & N. Vagstad
Influence of long-term heavy application of pig slurry on soil and
water quality in Latvia 621
M. Hämmann, S.K. Gupta & J. Zihler
Protection of soils from contamination in Swiss legislation 629
A. Freibauer, J. Lilienfein, M. Ayarza, J.E. da Silva & W. Zech
Fertilizer P transformations in loamy and clayey Oxisols of central
Brazil 637
A.K. Patra
Nitrogen losses from soils in the Indian semi-arid tropics 645
K. Voplakal
Changes in plant available phosphorus and its soil indices following
the introduction of moderate fertilization 653
Chapter 9: Effects of polluted air and water 661
E. Matzner & N. Diese
Acidic deposition on forest soils: A threat to the goal of sustainable
forestry 661
J. Csillag, A. Lukács, K. Bujtäs & T. Nemeth
Release of Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb and Zn to the soil solution as a
consequence of soil contamination and acidification 673
A. Badora & T. Filipek
An assessment of rehabilitation of strongly acidic sandy
soils 681
W. Wilcke, J. Kobza & W. Zech
Small-scale distribution of airborne heavy metals and polycyclic
aromatic hydrocarbons in a contaminated Slovak soil toposequence 689
A. Kollender-Szych, J. Breburda, P. Felix-Henningsen & H. Trott
Heavy metal pollution of irrigated soils in Ningxia, China 697
A. Karczewska, L. Szerszefi & C. Kabala
Forms of selected heavy metals and their transformation in
soils polluted by the emissions from copper smelters 705
M. Gebski, S. Mercik & K. Sommer
Elution of Zn, Pb and Cd in soil under field and
laboratory conditions 713
S. Kretzschmar, M. Bundt, G. Saborio, W. Wilcke & W. Zech
Heavy metals in soils of Costa Rican coffee
plantations 721
A. Prüeß
Action values for mobile (NH4N03-extractable)
trace elements in soils based on the German National Standard DIN
19730 727
E. Podlesáková & J. Némecek
Criteria for soil contamination of organic and inorganic pollutants in
the Czech Republic 735
K. Wenger, T. Hari, S.K. Gupta, R. Krebs, R. Rammelt & C.D. Leumann
Possible approaches for in situ restoration of soils contaminated by
zinc 745
Chapter 10: Effects of mining industries and disposal sites
W.E.H. Blum
Soil degradation caused by industrialization and urbanization 755
M.J. Haigh
Promoting better land husbandry in the reclamation of surface
coal-mined land 767
M.J. Haigh
Towards soil quality standards for reclaimed surface coal-mined lands 775
Qinglan Wu, H.-P. Blume, L. Rexilius, S. Abend & U. Schleuß
Sorption of organic chemicals in Urbic Anthrosols 781
J. Ammosova & M. Golev
Monitoring of soil degradation caused by oil contamination 791
Th. Baumgartl, B. Kirsch & M. Short
Soil physical processes in sealing systems of waste dumps affecting
the environment 797
A. Sidorchuk & V. Grigorév
Soil erosion on the Yamal Peninsula (Russian arctic) due
to gas field exploitation 805
F.G. Kupriyanova-Ashina, G.A. Krinari, A.L. Kolpakov & L.B. Leschinskaya
Degradation of silicate minerals by Bacillus mucilaginosus using
Bacillus intermedius RNase 813

Table of Contents - Volume II top ↑

Part III: From soil and water conservation to sustainable land
C. Reij, H. Eger & K. Steiner
From soil and water conservation to sustainable land management:
Some challenges for the next decade 819
Chapter 11: Sustainable land use management: policies, strategies
and economics
Chapter 11.1: Policies and strategies 827
H. Hurni
A multi-level stakeholder approach to sustainable land management 827
J. Pretty
Furthering cooperation between people and institutions 837
A. Steer
Making development sustainable 851
M. Stocking
Conditions for enhanced cooperation between people and institutions 857
J-C. Griesbach & D. Sanders
Soil and water conservation strategies at regional, sub-regional and
national levels 867
Chapter 11.2: Economics 879
K Clark, H. Manthrithilake, R. White & M. Stocking Economic valuation
of soil erosion and conservation - A case study of Perawella, Sri
Lanka 879
P.C. Huszar
Including economics in the sustainability equation: Upland soil conservation
in Indonesia 889
Ram Babu & B.L. Dhyani
Economic evaluation of watershed management programmes in India 897
E.H. Bucher, P.C. Huszar & C.S. Toledo
Sustainable land use management in the South American Gran Chaco 905
M. Zlatić, N. Rankovic & G. Vukelic
Improvement of soil management for sustainability in the hilly
Rakovica Community 911
Chapter 11.3: Case studies 919
A. Arnalds
Strategies for soil conservation in Iceland 919
J. Hrasko
Influence of socio-economic changes on soil productivity in Slovakia 927
F. Dosch & S. Losch
Spatial planning tasks for sustainable land use and soil conservation
in Germany 933
I. Hannam
An ecological perspective of soil conservation policy and law in Australia 945
S. Ewing
Australia's community ‘Landcare’ movement: A tale of great expectations 953
J.S. Gawander
The rise and fall of the vetiver hedge in the Fijian sugar industry 959
A.S. Kruger
Closing the gap between farmers and support organisations in Namibia 965
Chapter 12: Institutional and planning aspects of soil and water
M. Maarleveld
Improving participation and cooperation at the local level: Lessons
from Eeonomics and psychology 971
L. van Veldhuizen
Principles and strategies of participation and cooperation challenges
for the coming decade 979
A. Oomen
Political and institutional conditions for sustainable land management 985
H. Zweifel
Sustainable land use - A participatory process 991
H. Eger
Participatory land use planning: The case of West Africa 1001
T. Bekele & W. Zike
Village level approach to resource management: A project in a
marginal enviromnent in Ethiopia 1009
Lixian Wang
Mountain watershed management in China 1017
M. Schneichel & P. Asmussen
Dry forest management - Putting campesinos in charge 1023
R.S. Cornish
A fanner-researcher-adviser partnership designed to support changes in
farm management needed to meet catchment goals 1029
Chapter 13: Approaches to soil and water conservation and watershed
development 1037

Chapter 13.1: Case studies from Africa 1037
H. Liniger, D.B. Thomas & H. Hurni
WOCAT - world Qverview of Conservation Approaches and Iechnologies -
Preliminary results from Eastern and Southern Africa 1037
G. O. Haro, E.I. Lentoror & A. von Lossau
Participatory approaches in promotion of sustainable natural resources
management experiences from South-West Marsabit, Northern Kenya 1047
M.J. Kamar
Soil conservation implementation approaches in Kenya 1057
K.C.H. Mndeme
Participatory land use planning approach in North Pare Mountains, Mwanga,
Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania 1065
S. Minae, W.T. Bunderson, G. Kanyama-Phiri & A.-M. Izac
Integrating agroforestry technologies as a natural resource management tool for
smallholder farmers 1073
T. Defoer, S. Kanté & Th. Hilhorst
A participatory action research process to improve soil fertility management 1083
I. Yosko & G. Bartels
Nomads and sustainable land use: An approach to strenghten the role of
traditional knowledge and experiences in the management of the grazing
resources of Eastern Chad 1093
H. Paschen, D. Gamer, L. Kouri, H. Vogt, T. Vogt, M. Ouaar & W.E.H. Blum
Management of watersheds with soils on marls in the Atlas Mountains of Algeria -
A proposal for a non-conventional watershed development scheme 1099
Chapter 13.2: Case studies from Asia
B. Adolph & T. G. Kelly
What makes watershed management projects work? Experiences with
farmer's participation in India 1107
J. Mascarenhas
The participatory watershed development process
Some practical tips drawn from outreach in South India 1117
R. Chennamaneni’
Watershed management and sustainable land use in semi-arid tropics of India:
Impact of the farming community 1125
K. Mukherjee
People’s participation in watershed development schemes in Karnataka -
Changing perspectives 1135
J.S. Samra & A.K. Sikka
Participatory watershed management in India 1145
Sameer Karki & S.R. Chalise
Improving people's participation in soil conservation and sustainable
land use through community forestry in Nepal 1151
C. Setiani & A. Hermawan
Conservation farming land use on critical upland watersheds
- Social and economic evaluation study - 1161
Chapter 14: Technologies for soil and water conservation and
sustainable land management
Chapter 14.1: The role of tillage practices and ground cover 1167
H. Liniger & D.B. Thomas
Ground Cover for Restoration of Arid and _Semi-arid Soils 1167
R. Derpsch & K. Mariya
Implications of no-tillage versus soil preparation on sustainability of
agricultural production 1179
E. Chuma & J. Hagmann
Development of conservation tillage techniques through combined
on-station and participatory on-farm research 1187
Th. Rishirumuhirwa & E. Roose
The contribution of banana farming systems to sustainable land use in
Burundi 1197
A. Calegari, M.R. Darolt & M. Ferro
Towards sustainable agriculture with a no-tillage system 1205
H. Morrás & G. Piccolo
Biological recuperation of degraded Ultisols in the province of Misiones, Argentina 1211
D.K. Malinda, R.G. Fawcett, D.Little, K. Bligh & W. Darling
The effect of grazing, surface cover and tillage on erosion and nutrient depletion 1217
Lin Kai Wang, Xiao Tian, Li Yili, Su Shuijin & Xie Fuguang
Preliminary results of the grass-tree system for rehabilitation of
severely eroded red soils 1225
Chapter 14.2: Nutrient management practices 1233
R.D. Lentz, R.E. Sojka & C. W. Robbins
Reducing soil and nutrient losses from furrow irrigated fields with
polymer applications 1233
A. Calegari & I. Alexander
The effects of tillage and cover crops on some chemical properties of an Oxisol
and summer crop yields in southwestern Paraná, Brazil 1239
T.N. Mwambazi, B. Mwakalombe, J.B. Auné &T.A. Breland
Turnover of green manure and effects on bean yield in Northern Zambia 1247
J. Lehmann, F. v. Willert, S. Wulf & W. Zech
Influence of runoff irrigation on nitrogen dynamics of Sorghum bicolor (L.) in Northern Kenya 1255
M.C.S. Wopereis, C. Donovan, B. Nébié, D. Guindo, M.K. Ndiaye & S. Hafele
Nitrogen management, soil nitrogen supply and farmers' yields in
Sahelian rice based irrigation systems 1261
Chapter 14.3: Mechanical control of soil erosion 1267
Edi Purwanto & L.A. Bruijnzeel
Soil conservation on rainfed bench terraces in upland West Java, Indonesia:
Towards a new paradigm 1267
N. Sinukaban, H. Pawitan, S. Arsyad & J. Armstrong
Impactof soil and water conservation practices on stream flows in
Citere catchment, West Java, Indonesia 1275
R.N. Adhikari, M.S. Rama Mohan Rao, S. Chittaranjan, A.K. Srivastava,
M. Padmalah, A. Raizada & B.S. Thippannavar
Response to conservation measures in a red soil watershed in a semi arid
region of South India 1281
K. Michels, C. Bielders, B. Mühlig- Versen & F. Mahler
Rehabilitation of degraded land in the Sahel: An example from Niger 1287
W.P. Spaan & K.J. van Dijk
Evaluation of the effectiveness of soil and water conservation measures in a
closed sylvo-pastoral area in Burkina Faso 1295
F A. Mayer & E. Stelz
Gully reclamation in Mafeteng District, Lesotho 1303
R.G. Barber
Linking the production and use of dry-season fodder to improved
soil conservation practices in El Salvador 1311
Chapter 15: Adoption of soil and water conservation practices 1319
Chapter 15.1: Demographic, socio-economic and water conservation
B. Rerkasem & K. Rerkasem
Influence of demographic, socio-economic and cultural factors on
sustainable land use 1319
M. Tiffen
Demographic growth and sustainable land use 1333
W. Ostberg & Ch. Reij
Culture and local knowledge - Their roles in soil and water conservation 1349
Yohannes Gebre Michael
Indigenous soil and water conservation practices in Ethiopia:
New avenues for sustainable land use 1359
H.K. Murwira & B.B. Mukamuri
Traditional views of soils and soil fertility in Zimbabwe 1367
A. S. Langyintou & N. Karbo
Socio-economic constraints to the use of organic manure for soil fertility
improvement in the Guinea savanna zone of Ghana 1375
J. Hellin & S. Larrea
Ecological and socio-economic reasons for adoption and adaptation of
live barriers in Güinope, Honduras 1383
J. Currie
Farmers and their perception of soil conservation methods 1389
R.J. Unwin
Farmer perception of soil protection issues in England and Wales 1399
Chapter 15.2: The role of incentives, research, training and
M. Giger
Using incentives and subsidies for sustainable management of
agricultural soils -A challenge for projects and policy-makers 1405
Ch. Reij
How to increase the adoption of improved land management practices by
farmers? 1413
D. Sanders, S. Theerawong & S. Sombatpanit
Soil conservation extension: From concepts to adoption 1421
K. Herweg
Contributions of research on soil and water conservation in developing
countries 1429
M. Douglas
Training for better land husbandry 1435
J. Hagmann, E. Chuma & K. Murwira
Strengthening peoples capacities in soil and water conservation in
Southern Zimbabwe 1447
Chapter 15.3: Women and soil and water conservation 1463
L.M.A. Omoro
Women's participation in soil conservation: Constraints and opportunities.
The Kenyan experience 1463
D. Kunze, H. Waibel & A.Runge-Metzger
Sustainable land use by women as agricultural producers?
The case of Northern Burkina Faso 1469
Swam Lata Arya, J.S. Samra & S.P. Mittal
Rural women and conservation of natural resources: Traps and
opportunities 1479
Chapter 16: Land tenure and soil and water conservation 1485
M. Kirk
Land tenure and land management: Lessons learnt from the past,
challenges to be met in the future? 1485
H.W.O. Okoth-Ogendo
Tenure regimes and land use systems in Africa: The challenges of
sustainability 1493
V. Stamm
Are there land tenure constraints to the
conservation of soil fertility? A critical discussion of empirical
evidence from West Africa 1499
D. Effler
National land policy and its
implications for local level land use: The case of Mozambique 1505
H.M. Mushala & G. Peter
Socio-economic aspects of soil conservation in
developing countries: The Swaziland case 1511
M. Chasi
Impact of land use and tenure systems on sustainable use of resources
in Zimbabwe 1519
K. Goshu
Assessing the potential and acceptability of biological
soil conservation techniques for Maybar Area, Ethiopia 1523
B.J. Rao, R. Chennamaneni & E. Revathi
Land tenure systems and sustainable land
use in Andhra Pradesh: Locating the influencing factors of
confrontation 1531
H. Cotler
Effects of land tenure and farming
systems on soil erosion in Northwestern Peru 1539
Conclusions and Recommendations of the 9th ISCO Conference 1545
Personal Records Editors 1557
Authors' Index 1559