cover

Global Runoff

Continental Comparisons of Annual Flows and Peak Discharges

Ed.: T. A. McMahon; B. L. Finlayson; A. T. Haines; R. Srikanthan

1992. 166 pages, 42 figures, 33 tables, Catena ISBN 978-3-923381-27-2, US-ISBN 978-1-59326-255-6, 14x20cm, 300 g
Language: English

(Catena paperback)

ISBN 978-3-510-65398-0, paperback, price: 20.00 €

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Keywords

hydrologyprecipitationclimatewater balance

Contents

Synopsis top ↑

Textbooks in common use throughout me world are usually northern hemisphere publications and these fail to treat adequately certain hydrologic characteristics of significance elsewhere, particularly variability. This book is a study in comparative hydrology; the first to be made at the global scale using time sequences of datea for individual catchments.

Table of Contents top ↑

1 Introduction 1
Background 1
Historical Perspective 3
2 The Data Base 7
Available Data 7
Data Preparation 12
3 Annual Flow Volumes 25
Introduction 25
Annual Runoff 30
Variability 30
Skewness 36
Distribution Types 36
Persistence 40
Other Annual Flow Relationships 45
Storage-Yield 47
Summary 48
4 Annual Peak Discharges 51
Introduction 51
Annual Peak Discharge 51
Variability and Skewness 58
Distribution Types 64
Dependence 65
Extreme Floods 65
Summary 70
5 Time Series of Annual Flow Volumes 73
Introduction 73
Tests of Short Term Dependence 73
Annual Time Series Models 78
Summary 80
6 Interpretation of Continental Parameters 81
Introduction 81
Variability Relationships 86
Model Analysis 89
Variability Transfers 93
Discussion 94
7 Conclusions 101
Acknowledgements
References 105
Appendices
A List of SYMBOLS 112
B Global Classification of River Regimes 116
C Tests of Dependence of Time-Series Data 118
D Methods Used to Determine Structure of Annual
Flows Exhibiting Dependence 122
E Precipitation-Runoff Data 123
Data Pairs Type I 123
Data Pairs Type II 124
F Precipitation-Runoff Model 127
Conceptual Precipitation-Runoff Model 127
Annual Precipitation Generation 129
G List of Stations 131